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Wolfson Institute of Population Health

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Three broken cigarettes sit alongside an e-cigarette Cochrane Review: E-cigs more effective than traditional NRT to quit smoking
18 November 2022

The latest Cochrane Review has found “high certainty” evidence that nicotine e-cigarettes (or vapes) are more effective than traditional nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT) such as patches and chewing gums in helping people quit smoking.

The photo shows a mural painted on the walls either side of a shop doorway. On one side is painted the flag of the indigenous people of Latin America, which consists of diagonal stripes in many colours with a view of the Earth in the centre of the flag, showing the continent of Latin and South America. The mural continues on the other side of the door with a painting of a toucan. Bags and jewellery are visible through the shop door. £7 Million NIHR award for new Global Health Research Centre
26 October 2022

Professor Vicky Bird (Centre for Psychiatry and Mental Health) has been awarded a £7 million grant by the National Institute for Health and Care Research to co-direct a new Global Health Research Centre with partners across Latin America. The Centre will work with communities to develop innovative, low-cost solutions to improve healthcare for non-communicable diseases, with a key focus on indigenous populations.

The logo of the Ministry of Justice, with a coat of arms and text in white, on a black background Psychologically Informed Planned Environments in prisons
14 October 2022

The Ministry of Justice has published a major report, authored by WIPH researchers, on the use of Psychologically Informed Planned Environments (PIPEs). The report shows that, within prisons, the intervention can lead to improved social and relational functioning, associated with improving social climate and positive staff disposition.

In the foreground, a mammographer views a breast screening image on a computer monitor, while in the background, a woman is having a breast screening in a mammogram machine. Using timed breast screening appointments in London could have detected 100 more cancers during Covid-19 recovery period
12 October 2022

Results from a new study suggest that an additional 100 breast cancers could have been detected by screening in London between September 2020 and March 2021 if timed appointments, rather than open invitations, had been used throughout.

Two older men, a married couple, sit closely together on their sofa, in conversation. One is reassuring the other by putting his arm around him. Suicide risk almost seven times higher after diagnosis of young onset dementia
3 October 2022

A study of nearly 600,000 people in England shows that suicide risk in the first three months following a dementia diagnosis for patients aged under 65 is nearly seven times higher than in patients without dementia.

A nurse wearing mask and gloves fills up a syringe from a vial of COVID-19 vaccine. Risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection after primary and booster vaccinations
29 September 2022

A prospective population-based study of over 25,000 UK adults vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2 up to February 2022 has found that vaccine type, socioeconomic status, age, and behaviours affect risk of breakthrough infection after primary and booster vaccinations.

Four boxes of statins, displaying various types of packaging Lifelong benefits of statin therapy
30 August 2022

Findings from a modelling study presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2022 in Barcelona show that stopping statin treatment early could substantially reduce lifetime protection against heart disease, as a large proportion of the benefit occurs later in life.

A toddler sits on her mother's lap, as a nurse swabs her arm in preparation for giving a vaccination injection. Providing resources for urgent response to polio threat in London
30 August 2022

The WIPH Clinical Effectiveness Group (CEG) is collaborating with the NHS to provide software tools and intelligence to inform the logistics of the polio booster campaign and ease the burden for GPs in North East London.

How to reduce pressure on the English NHS Bowel cancer screening programme
17 August 2022

As bowel cancer screening in England recovers from pandemic suspensions of service, new research suggests that the best option for clearing the backlog of patients awaiting colonoscopy appointments is to raise the blood level on the test that triggers a colonoscopy invitation.

Cutting adult daily salt intake in China by 1g could save 4 million lives by 2030
16 August 2022

Estimates from a modelling study suggest that a reduction of just 1g in individual daily salt intake in China could ward off nearly 9 million cases of heart disease and strokes and save 4 million lives in by 2030.

A doctor inspects a patient's mammograms NHS Breast Screening Programme in England shows little evidence of overdiagnosis
20 July 2022

The NHS Breast Screening Programme in England has shown little, if any, evidence of overdiagnosis, according to a new NIHR-funded study.  

A pregnant woman cradles her bump, while sitting on a hospital bed New ABN guidelines for Anti-CD20 therapies in pregnancy and when breastfeeding
11 July 2022

A new evidence review presents Association of British Neurologists guidelines for the use of Anti-CD20 therapies for women of childbearing age, concluding that it is safe to conceive and breastfeed whilst taking anti-CD20 therapy.

Staff stand in front of the Leeds Lung Health Check mobile screening unit. Participation in the Yorkshire Lung Screening Trial
6 July 2022

The Yorkshire Lung Screening Trial, a randomised controlled trial of low dose computed tomography (CT) screening conducted in Leeds, has found that a telephone risk assessment followed by a community-based Lung Health Check with immediate access to a mobile CT scanner is an effective screening strategy, but participation appears to be lower among current smokers and the socio-economically deprived.

Four young children in a lecture theatre listening to a talk at QMUL's Festival of Communities Socioeconomic status and dietary sodium intake in UK children
21 June 2022

Results from a study of children’s salt intake suggest that the UK salt reduction programme may help reduce health inequality, particularly benefitting the more socially deprived, who are at greater risk of developing high blood pressure, stroke, and heart disease.

Logo for the Cochrane Library, including the tagline New Cochrane Review shows digital tools may cut asthma attacks by half
13 June 2022

Digital interventions, such as ‘smart’ inhalers or text messages that help people to administer their asthma medication more appropriately, may cut the risk of asthma attacks by half, according to a new Cochrane Review.

The logo of the UNFPA above the title of the evidence brief Achieving climate justice: Child marriage and environmental crises
30 May 2022

A partnership between QMUL and the UN sexual and reproductive health agency (UNFPA) has produced a scoping review, an evidence brief, and a set of infographics showing that environmental changes have profound negative impacts on sexual and reproductive rights, and on women’s and girl’s bodily autonomy.

A smiling older woman pulls open the top of her shirt to show the small, black CUE1 device on her sternum. Industry Partnership to test the CUE1 medical device for alleviating Parkinson’s symptoms
19 May 2022

A 24 month Knowledge Transfer Partnership project between WIPH Preventive Neurology Unit researchers and industry partner, Charco Neurotech, will test the feasibility of CUE1, a novel medical device to relieve symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. The Innovate-UK funded project will investigate the tolerability of the device and its effect on clinical outcome measures, assessing optimal stimulation settings and positioning in patients with Parkinson’s, with a goal to design a formal clinical trial.

An illustration of the human bowel, with a tumour shown as a red mass growing in the bowel. NHS bowel screening programme significantly reduces risk of advanced stage colorectal cancer
17 May 2022

The first national evaluation of the English bowel cancer screening programme’s effect on stage of colorectal cancer has shown that the programme significantly reduced the risk of advanced stage colorectal cancer, and is therefore likely to achieve its aim of reducing mortality from the disease. Results suggest that people who are screened are 32% less likely to be diagnosed with advanced stage colorectal cancer than those who are invited to screening but do not attend.

A pregnant woman cradles her bump, while sitting on a hospital bed Helping pregnant smokers quit: E-cigarettes as safe as nicotine patches and may be more effective
16 May 2022

Results from a randomised controlled trial of pregnant smokers who received either nicotine patches or refillable e-cigarettes suggest that e-cigarettes might be more effective for quitting than patches, and that e-cigarettes are as safe as patches in pregnancy.

The logo of Yorkshire Cancer Research, with a woman wearing a hijab standing in a residential street £3.1 million for PROTECT trial: population-based genetic testing for cancer risk in women
4 May 2022

Yorkshire Cancer Research has announced a £3.1 million grant for research led by Ranjit Manchanda to investigate the risks, benefits, and feasibility of introducing population-based genetic testing for all women to find out if they are at high risk of cancer. Thousands of women living in Yorkshire and other parts of the UK will be offered tests as part of the PROTECT (Population based germline testing for early detection and cancer prevention) clinical trial.

A service user gets support in a local healthcare setting. Co-locating welfare services in healthcare settings benefits participants and demonstrates clear financial gains
2 February 2022

Co-locating welfare advice services in healthcare settings demonstrates clear financial gains and improved mental health and wellbeing, according to results from a newly published systematic review.

A person breaks a cigarette to show their determination to quit smoking ‘Delayed quitters’ more likely to relapse than smokers who quit on target date
31 January 2022

Most smokers who initially succeed in quitting return to smoking within the first few months, but identifying sub-groups at higher risk of relapse could help in relapse prevention efforts.

Logo for the study African Awareness of Cancer and Early Diagnosis AWACAN-ED Project receives £2.99million NIHR Global Health Research Award
18 January 2022

A £2.99 million NIHR Global Health Research Award has been made to fund the AWACAN-ED (Advancing Early Diagnosis of Cancer in Southern Africa) programme.

A busy market in an ethnically-diverse part of London Gaps in antihypertensive and statin treatments and benefits of optimisation in an ethnically diverse socio-economically deprived urban UK population
30 December 2021

Researchers from the Centres for Evaluation and Methods and Primary Care have worked together on a cross-sectional population study to characterise gaps in blood pressure and statin treatments among people at high cardiovascular disease risk in a large urban UK population, and to quantify the health and economic impacts of treatment optimisation.

A person measures their waistline Randomised trial of the 5:2 diet
14 December 2021

The first randomised evaluation of the 5:2 diet, a popular intermittent energy restriction method of weight management, has been carried out among 300 adults, followed up for a year.

A photo of multiple world globes, symbolising our global impact Role of non-governmental organisations in achieving universal health coverage
14 December 2021

A systematic review of 78 studies of non-governmental organisation (NGO) interventions in public health-related activities has shown that NGOs can play a significant role in progress towards universal health coverage.

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