Professor Leigh Oakes
Professor of French and Linguistics
Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgTelephone: +44 (0)20 7882 8319Room Number: Arts One 1.05A
Language and national identity in France, Québec and Sweden; language policy and planning; language attitudes; regional languages in France; variation in French; language in the European Union; language and globalisation.
- French Foundations (linguistics component) (level 4)
- The Sounds of French (level 5)
- Language and Society in the French-Speaking World (level 6)
Pluricentric linguistic justice in Quebec
The strong monocentric ideology traditionally associated with the French language and linking it closely with the variety of Paris continues today in the minds of many speakers and non-speakers alike. As the only significantly large group of native speakers outside Europe, francophone Quebecers are in a unique position to advance a more equitable conception of French that considers the language in all its pluricentric diversity. But what moral grounds support the promotion of a Standard Quebec French distinct from the standard used in France? And how do the ethical arguments differ according to variables such as mother tongue (French, English, other), sex and age? Building on the notion of pluricentric linguistic justice developed by Oakes and Peled (forthcoming), the project aims to 1) provide an empirical account of attitudes to the question of pluricentric linguistic justice in French in Quebec; 2) test empirically the theoretical assumptions that underpin the notion of pluricentric linguistic justice; and 3) explore the usefulness of the pluricentric linguistic justice paradigm for investigating language attitudes more broadly.
If you are a Quebecer (living in or outside Quebec), are francophone and interested participating in our study, please visit https://goo.gl/forms/OEZK8OkDtJ2Mnv5Q2
Understanding foreign language motivation in a globalised world: focus on French
Offering insight into the benefits of foreign language learning in a world increasingly dominated by English, this project examines the role of motivation in learning French among university students in four European countries, including the UK. Grounded in second language motivation theory, it aims to compare the various types of motivation proposed in the literature, critically assessing their relevance specifically for the learning of a foreign language other than English. To do this, it proposes a quantitative and qualitative analysis of motivations according to key variables of interest, including a comparison with students of English. The findings will be of value to motivation theorists, language educators and policymakers alike. Building on a study by Oakes of motivations among students of French and Polish in the UK and a conference on individual factors in second language acquisition organised by both applicants, the project represents the next step towards a large-scale study of foreign language motivation in Europe today.
- Co-editor of 'Multilingual Matters' book series published by Multilingual Matters
- Associate Editor and Co-Editor for Book Reviews for Language Policy
- UK correspondent for Sociolinguistica
- Member of the comité d'administration and comité scientifique for the Association internationale des études québécoises (AIÉQ)
- Member of international editorial board for Recherches sociographiques
- Member of the Council of the British Association of Canadian Studies (BACS)
- Affiliated researcher on ‘Interaction and Variation in Pluricentric Languages – Communicative Patterns in Sweden Swedish and Finland Swedish’ research programme
- Associated member of the Centre d’analyse et de traitement informatique du français québécois (CATIFQ)
- Member of editorial board for Cahiers (Association for French Language Studies)
- (2018, with Yael Peled). Normative Language Policy: Ethics, Politics, Principles. Cambridge University Press.
- (2009, co-authored with Jane Warren). Langue, citoyenneté et identité au Québec. Ste-Foy: Les Presses de l'Université Laval. (Translation of title below)
- (2007, co-authored with Jane Warren). Language, Citizenship and Identity in Quebec. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. (Winner of the 2008 Pierre Savard prize (category: book in English or French) awarded by the International Council for Canadian Studies (ICCS).)
- (2005, with I. Lockerbie, I. Molinaro and K. Larose). French as the Common Language in Québec: History, Debates and Positions. (New Perspectives in Québec Studies 2). Montréal: Éditions Nota bene.
- (2001). Language and National Identity: Comparing France and Sweden. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Articles and book chapters
- (2016) Normative language policy and minority language rights: rethinking the case of regional languages in France. Language Policy 16(4): 365-384.
- (2016). Droits et obligations linguistiques au Québec: apports d’une approche éthique. In G. Potriquet, D. Huck and C. Truchot (eds). « Droits linguistiques » et « droits à la langue ». Identification d’un objet d’étude et construction d’une approche. Limoges: Lambert-Lucas, 179-188.
- (2013). Foreign language learning in a 'monoglot culture': Motivational variables amongst students of French and Spanish at an English university. System 41(1): 178-191.
- (2013). Beyond diglossia? Language attitudes and identity in Reunion. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 34(1): 30-45.
- (2011). Regional languages, the European Charter and Republican values in France today. In C. Norrby and J. Hajek (eds.) Uniformity and Diversity in Language Policy: Global Perspectives. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 68-85.
- (2011, co-authored with Jane Warren). Language policy and citizenship in Quebec: French as a force for unity in a diverse society? In C. Norrby and J. Hajek (eds.) Uniformity and Diversity in Language Policy: Global Perspectives. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 7-21.
- (2011). Promoting language rights as fundamental individual rights: France as a model? French Politics 9 (1): 50-68.
- (2010). Lambs to the slaughter? Young francophones and the role of English in Quebec today. Multilingua 29 (3-4): 265-288.
- (2008). Language planning and policy in Quebec. In D. Ayoun (ed.) Studies in French Applied Linguistics. (Language Learning and Language Teaching 21). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 345-385.
- (2007). Whose French? Language attitudes and linguistic insecurity in Québec. In M. Howard (ed.) Language Issues in Canada: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 64-85.
- (2007, co-authored with A. Linn) Language policies for a global era: the changing face of language politics in Scandinavia. In C. Fandrych and R. Salverda (ed.) Standard, Variation und Sprachwandel in germanischen Sprachen/Standard, Variation and Language Change in Germanic Languages. (Studien zur deutschen Sprache 41). Mannheim: Institut für Deutsche Sprache, 59-90.
- (2006). Le défi de l’ethnicité: modèles de nation et politique linguistique au Québec et ailleurs. In P. Georgeault and M. Pagé (eds) Le français, langue de la diversité québécoise.(Débats) Montréal: Québec Amérique, 107-129.
- (2005). From internationalisation to globalisation: Language and the nationalist revival in Sweden. Language Problems and Language Planning 29 (2): 151-176.
- (2004) Le français comme 'langue publique commune' au Québec. Globe: Revue internationale d'études québécoises 7(2): 155-176.
- (2004). French - a language for everyone in Québec? Nations and Nationalism 10 (4): 539-558.
- (2004). Language, Identity and Globalisation in Sweden. In L. R. N. Ashley and W. H. Finke (eds.), Language and Identity: Selected Papers (from the American Society of Geolinguistics International Conference, October 2-5, 2002). New York: Cummings and Hathaway, 7-20
- (2002). Multilingualism in Europe: An effective French identity strategy? Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development23 (5): 371-387.
- (2002). Phonostylistique des annonceurs de la radio: Etude prosodique de textes radiophoniques. Journal of French Language Studies 12 (3): 279-306.
I welcome applications from candidates wishing to undertake doctoral research in the following areas:
Language policy and planning
Language and nationalism/national identity
Current PhD Students:
Chiara Ardoino - Code-Switching in the French Caribbean Media: Negotiation and Accommodation in a Linguistic Continuum
Past PhD students:
Sujin Lee - The making of multilingual South Korea: Inter-discourse of neo-nationalism and transnationalism
Rachelle Vessey - Language ideologies and discourses of national identity in Canadian newspapers: A cross-linguistic corpus-assisted discourse study
Rusudan Amirejibi-Mullen - Language policy and national identity in Georgia
Ruth Kircher - Language attitudes in Quebec: A contemporary perspective
Jon Orman - Language and nation-building in post-apartheid South Africa