Dr Gabriel Gari, BA & LLB (UDELAR), LLM (LSE), PhD (London)
Reader in International Economic Law
Email: email@example.comTelephone: +44 (0)20 7882 8216Room Number: Lincoln's Inn Fields
Gabriel is a Reader in International Economic Law at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary, University of London and Academic Director of the International Economic Law LLM. Prior to joining Queen Mary, Gabriel practised Employment and Commercial Law and worked for the Uruguayan Supreme Court of Justice. In 2013-14, he held a visiting scholar position at the Trade in Services Division of the World Trade Organization. He has published extensively on trade in services, including his book on the liberalisation of trade in services in MERCOSUR and various articles in peer-reviewed journals. He has acted as a consultant to several multilateral institutions and taught trade law at American, Chinese, German, Italian, Lithuanian and Uruguayan Universities. Gabriel holds degrees in Law and in Sociology from the University of the Republic (Uruguay), an LLM in International Business Law from the London School of Economics and a PhD from Queen Mary, University of London. He is a member of the Latin American and Caribbean Research Network on Services, the Latin American Network on International Economic Law, the Society of International Economic Law and the European Society of International Law.
Gabriel’s research interests lie in international trade law and the legal aspects of financing development. Gabriel’s current research is focused on trade rules for services in the twenty first century and the institutional framework underpinning trade policy formulation and enforcement.
- The Liberalisation of Trade in Services in MERCOSUR (CMP Publishing, 2009), 269 pages (ISBN 9781905017843)
- “Narrowed down utopia: adjusting the WTO to a changing trade environment” in M. K. Lewis et al. (eds.) A Post-WTO International Legal Order (Springer, 2020), pp 37- 55 (ISBN 978-3-030-45427-2)
- “Disciplines on domestic regulations affecting trade in services: convergence or divergence?”, in Markus Krajewski and Rhea Hoffmann (eds) Coherence and Divergence in Services Trade Law (Springer, 2020), pp 59-97, (ISBN 978-3-030-46954-2)
- “Services negotiations: where have we been and where are we heading”, in Martin Roy and Pierre Sauvé (eds) Research Handbook on Trade in Services (Edward Elgar, 2016), pp 579-610 (ISBN 9781783478057)
- “Controles de capital y disciplinas comerciales en América Latina”, en José M Alvarez (ed)
¿Hacia dónde va América Latina Respecto al Derecho Económico Internacional? (Universidad Externado de Colombia, 2016), pp 137-164 (ISBN 978958710)
- “Limitaciones del Acuerdo General sobre el Comercio de Servicios ante el suministro de servicios por medios electrónicos” en José M. Alvarez et al (eds) Estado y Futuro del Derecho Económico Internacional en América Latina (Universidad Externado de Colombia, 2013), pp 181-208 (ISBN 9789587720443)
- “China’s Preferential Treatment on Trade in Services: is the Sleeping Dragon about to Wake Up?” , Journal of World Trade Vol 54, Issue 6.
- “Recent Preferential Trade Agreements’ disciplines for tackling regulatory divergence in services: how far beyond GATS?” , World Trade Review, 1–29, ISSN 1474-7456 (Print), 1475-3138 (Online)
- “The negotiation of a UK-EU trade agreement: objective, process and possible outcomes” , Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, Vol 14, Issue 2, pp 148-168, ISSN 1742-3945
- “Is WTO approach to international standards on services outdated?” , Journal of International Economic Law, Vol 19 (3), pp 589 - 605, ISSN: 1369-3034.
- “GATS disciplines on capital transfers and short-term capital inflows: time for change? , Journal of International Economic Law, Vol 17(2), pp 399 - 435, ISSN: 1369-3034.
- “Comentario sobre China - Determinadas medidas que afectan a los servicios de pago electrónico, Informe del Grupo Especial”, Revista de Derecho Económico Internacional –ITAM, Vol 3(2), pp 111-148, ISSN: 2007-7785.
- “GATS and offshoring: is the regulatory framework ready for the trade revolution?”, Journal of World Trade, Vol 46(6), pp 1365-1398, ISSN: 1011-6702.
- “International Initiatives for Reconciling the Sovereign Right to Tax with Free Trade in Services” , Law and Business Review of the Americas, 18(1), pp. 55-67, ISSN: 1571-9537.
- “The use of Free Zones for the Promotion of the Offshore Industry in MERCOSUR Countries: A Reasonable Choice?” , Inter-American Development Bank, Integration and Trade Sector, Policy Brief No. IDB-PB-138, pp.1-80.
- “Free Zone Incentives in MERCOSUR Countries and WTO Law ”, Global Trade and Customs Journal, Vol. 6(5), pp. 223-244, ISSN: 1569-755X.
- (with Professor Takis Tridimas) “Winners and losers in Luxembourg: A statistical analysis of judicial review before the European Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance (2001–2005) , European Law Review, Vol. 35, Issue 2. pp. 131-173, ISSN: 0307-5400
- (with Professor Rosa Lastra) “Assessing the Lamfalussy Process: Successes and Failures” , Butterworths Journal of International Banking and Financial Law, Vol. 24, Issue 7, pp. 379-383, ISSN: 0269-2694.
- “Legal Instruments for the Liberalization of Trade in Services at the Sub-Regional Level: The MERCOSUR Case” , Penn State International Law Review, Vol. 25, Issue 3, pp. 659 –705, ISSN:1546-3435
- “Trade in Services in MERCOSUR: A Pending Task” , Law and Business Review of the Americas, Vol. 10, Issue: pp. 545-576, ISSN:1571-9537.
Other Selected Publications
- Rapporteur, Additional Protocol to the Treaty of Asuncion on the Institutional Structure of MERCOSUR (Protocol of Ouro Preto), OXIO 517 Oxford International Organizations, (OUP, 2019)
- Rapporteur, Treaty for the establishment of a Common Market between the Argentine Republic, the Federal Republic of Brazil, the Republic of Paraguay and the Eastern Republic of Uruguay (Treaty of Asunción), OXIO 518 Oxford International Organizations, (OUP, 2019)
- Expert Contributor, “Rethinking Services in a Changing World” Low, Patrick. 2016. Rethinking Services in a Changing World. E15 Expert Group on Services – Policy Options Paper. E15Initiative. Geneva: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and World Economic Forum.
- “Frenos Culturales del Avance Científico en la Investigación Jurídica Nacional”, Revista Nexo – Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de la República, Año 8, No 74, Agosto 2001, pp. 8-18, ISSN: 0255-0050.
- (with Professor Marcos Supervielle) El Sindicalismo Uruguayo: Estructura y Acción (Fundación de Cultura Universitaria, 1995), 124 pages (ISBN 9789974200500)
- “Trade implications of BREXIT”, Asian Correspondent, 23rd August 2016.
- “What can international standards on services for GATS?” E15 Initiative (World Economic Forum and International Trade Centre for Sustainable Development), August 2015.
- Presenter, ‘Recent preferential trade agreement’s disciplines for tackling regulatory divergence in services: how far beyond GATS?’, WTO Simply Services Seminar, Geneva, 10 May 2019.
- Presenter, “My market for your market? Exploring the nature of USA’s Trade Agreements from USA-Israel FTA to USMCA”, International Economic Law Interest Group, European Society of International Law Research Forum (programme), University of Göttingen, Germany, 3 April 2019.
- Presenter, “CPTPP and CETA disciplines on domestic regulation in services: a step in the right direction?”, Coherence and Divergence in Agreements on Trade in Services, International Workshop (programme), Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, 14 and 15 March 2019.
- Presenter, ‘Recent preferential trade agreement’s disciplines for tackling regulatory divergence in services: a step too far?’ UNCTAD Global Services Forum – REDLAS Conference 2018 (programme), Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, 13 and 14 September 2018.
- Presenter, ‘Potential Impact of an FTA between China and Uruguay for the Services Sector’, Universidad Católica del Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay, 4 September 2018.
- Presenter, “Recent Preferential Trade Agreements’ disciplines for tackling regulatory divergence in services: a step too far?”, SIEL Biennial Conference (programme), American University Washington College of Law, Washington DC, 12-14 July 2018.
- Roundtable discussant, launch of the book ‘Public Private Partnership for WTO Dispute Settlement Enabling Developing Countries’ (Edward Elgar, 2018) by Amrita Bahri, Mexico City, 4 May 2018.
- Presenter, “Is the WTO Approach to International Standards Outdated”, Workshop on Economic Globalisation, University of Melbourne, 23-24 November 2017.
- Presenter, “Towards a UK higher education position paper on trade: some guiding questions” in Trade Policy Lab: UK Higher Education and Free Trade after Brexit, Universities UK International and CCLS, London 15 September 2017.
- Co-organizer, Trade Policy Lab: UK Higher Education and Free Trade after Brexit, Universities UK International and CCLS, London 15 September 2017.
- Presenter, “Services in new Free Trade Agreements”, Universidad Católica del Uruguay, 17 August 2017, Montevideo, Uruguay.
- Presenter, “The negotiation of a UK-EU trade agreement: objective, process and possible outcomes”, Brexit, China and Other New Challenges to International Trade Law, British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London, 31 May 2017.
- Presenter, “The negotiation of a UK-EU trade agreement: objectives, process and possible outcomes”, Doing Business After Brexit – Impact on Trade, Arbitration and Data Protection, Association Française des Juristes d'Entreprise, Paris, 19 April 2017.
- Presenter, “What can Trade Agreements do for Traditional Chinese Medicine Services? Considerations for post Brexit Sino-British trade negotiations”, Shanghai Municipal Commission of Commerce (SCOFCOM) – CCLS, QMUL Round table Meeting, CCLS, London, 31 March 2017.
- Presenter, “Services in recent Preferential Economic Agreements: What’s New?”, Regional Organisations and Regional Integration Workshop, London School of Economics and Political Science, 9 - 10 December 2016.
- Organiser, “CCLS and Linklaters Roundtable - In search of a legal framework for UK Trade and Investment after BREXIT”, CCLS, London, 23 November 2016.
- Presenter, “Is GATS Approach to International Standards Outdated?”, Brown Bag Lecture Series, World Trade Institute, Berne, 15 February 2016.
- Roundtable discussant, “TISA, challenges and opportunities for Latin America”, Uruguayan National Chamber of Commerce, Montevideo, 13 August 2015.
- Presenter, ‘A quarter century of multilateral services negotiations: where have we been and where are we heading?’, New Horizons in Services Trade Governance (International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development and World Trade Institute), WTO, Geneva, 26 November 2014.
- Presenter, ‘GATS and other international disciplines and arrangements related to services: overlaps and the quest for policy coherence’, E15 Expert Meeting on Services (International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development and World Economic Forum), Geneva, 25 November 2014.
- Presenter, ‘Multilateral negotiations on trade in services: an overview of the state of play and ways forward’, paper to be delivered at the 24th Annual RESER (The European Association for Research on Services) Conference, Helsinki, 11-13 September 2014.
- Discussant, ‘Annual Review on International Trade Dispute Resolution’, presented by Mr. WANG Xuehua, London Summit on Commercial Dispute Resolution in China, Centre for Commercial Law Studies, London, 6 June 2014.
- Presenter, “Implications of trade disciplines for export incentives for the service sector: free will?”, paper delivered at the 3rd Latin American Network for Research in Services (REDLAS) Conference, 3rd Latin America Network for Research in Services (REDLAS) Conference, Mexico City, 13-14 March 2014.
- Presenter, "Capital controls, GATS disciplines and the need for a more coherent global economic governance structure", Speakers' Series, Graduate Institute's Centre for Trade and Economic Integration, Geneva, 20 February 2014.
- Presenter, “Capital controls, GATS disciplines and the need for a more coherent global economic governance structure”, King and Spalding LLP, Geneva, 16 January 2014.
- Speaker, “Policy space for managing capital flows under the GATS: the Latin American Experience”, paper delivered at the Second biennial conference of the Latin American International Economic Law Network, Lima, 28-29 October 2013.
- Chair, panel on International Trade Law, Graduate Conference on Latin America Law and Policy, University College London, 15 February 2013.
- Speaker, Report findings of survey on rules affecting trade in services, Second Annual Conference of the Latin American Export Services Association, Quito, 24-25 October 2012.
- Speaker, “GATS and Offshoring: Is the regulatory framework ready for the trade revolution?”, paper delivered at the conference Offshore Services in Global Value Chains: new drivers of structural change in Latin America and the Caribbean?", Economic Commission for Latin America, Santiago de Chile, 18-19 October 2012.
- Speaker, “GATS and offshoring: Is the regulatory framework ready for the trade revolution?”, paper delivered at the Society for International Economic Law 2012 Conference, Singapore 12-14 July 2012.
- Contributor Expert, The World Justice Project Rule of Law Index 2012-2013
- Dr Gari presents his research on trade in services at the University of International Business and Economics, Beijing
8 July 2019
- Dr Gari speaks at the WTO on trade disciplines for tackling regulatory divergence in services
14 May 2019
- Dr Gabriel Gari to present a paper at the Global Services Forum (UNCTAD) – REDLAS Conference 2018
13 September 2018
- Dr Gabriel Gari speaks on Chinese FTAs’ chapters on trade in services
12 September 2018
- Dr Gabriel Gari speaks at the Society of International Economic Law Biennial Conference 2018
16 July 2018
- LLM in International Economic Law students visit Geneva
4 July 2018
- Gerard Sanders, General Counsel of AIIB, gives a lecture on the heritage and innovation of this newly created Multilateral Development Bank
15 February 2018
- Dr Gabriel Gari speaks on services in new Free Trade Agreements
22 August 2017
- Dr Gabriel Gari delivers a webinar for the UK Institute of Export and International Trade
15 June 2017
- University of London and QMUL launch new Global MBA
3 November 2016
- Dr Gabriel Gari authors article on 'Trade implications of Brexit'
24 August 2016
- Dr Gabriel Gari authors article on 'Trade implications of Brexit'
24 August 2016
- Dr Gabriel Gari awarded an Erasmus and staff mobility grant to teach WTO law at the Università degli Studi di Milano
4 May 2016
- Dr Gabriel Gari contributes to the report "Rethinking Services in a Changing World" prepared by the E15 Expert Group on Services
25 February 2016
- Dr Gabriel Gari has been invited to speak at the Brown Bag Lecture series at the World Trade Institute in Bern, Switzerland
12 February 2016
- Dr Gabriel Gari in roundtable discussion 'TISA Challenges and Opportunities for Latin America' in Uruguay
5 August 2015
- Dr Gabriel Gari appointed Member of the academic selection committee for the IV REDLAS Conference
18 May 2015
- Dr Gabriel Gari to contribute to the third expert group on 'Services', E15 Initiative (E15)
11 May 2015
- Dr Gabriel Gari to discuss paper at the Oxford-Princeton Global Leaders Fellowship Programme
1 May 2015
- Dr Gabriel Gari to speak at 2014 ICTSID - WTI conference
22 November 2014
- Dr Gabriel Gari to present a paper at the second meeting of the E15 expert group on services
21 November 2014
- Dr Gabriel Gari invited to join E15 Initiative
1 October 2014
- Dr Gabriel Gari to speak at the World Trade Institute
21 February 2014
- Dr Gabriel Gari to participate in the Latin American Research conference in Mexico City
19 February 2014
- Dr Gabriel Gari to speak at The Centre for Trade and Economic Integration
17 February 2014