School of Law

Professor Maxi Scherer, MA, PhD (Paris Sorbonne), LLM (Köln)

Maxi

Professor in International Arbitration, Dispute Resolution and Energy Law

Email: m.scherer@qmul.ac.uk
Telephone: +44(0) 20 7882 8077
Room Number: Lincoln's Inn Fields

Profile

Maxi Scherer is a member of the Centre for Commercial Law Studies (CCLS) and School of International Arbitration at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). She teaches in the LLM programmes in London and Paris, in particular courses on International Arbitration and Energy, Comparative Commercial Arbitration, International Trade and Investment Dispute Settlement and International Litigation, Conflict of Law. 

She has published numerous articles and books in the field of international arbitration and dispute resolution, including International Arbitration in the Energy Sector (ed.), Oxford University Press, 2018; Transparency in International Investment Arbitration (A Guide to the UNCITRAL Standard on Transparency in Treaty-Based Investor-State Arbitration) (co-editor), Cambridge University Press, 2015; Arbitrating under the 2014 LCIA Rules (co-author), Wolters Kluwer, 2015; and The New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (co-author), C. H. Beck München & Hart Publishing Oxford, 2012. A full list of Maxi's publications can be found on her SSRN page.

Maxi has extensive experience with arbitral practice both in civil and common law systems. She has practised as a lawyer for more than 20 years. She represented clients in numerous international arbitrations proceedings and has served as arbitrator in over 50 ad hoc and institutional arbitrations (ICC, LCIA, HKIAC, DIS etc), including as sole arbitrator, co-arbitrator, presiding arbitrator and emergency arbitrator. She is admitted to the bar in Paris (France) and as solicitor (England and Wales) and has been regularly ranked by Who’s Who Legal, The Legal 500 UK etc. as leading arbitration practitioner, including in the top 20 "Global Elite Thought Leaders" in the field, being described by peers as "a brilliant legal mind" and "excellent academic and arbitrator".

Maxi is the General Editor of the Kluwer Journal of International Arbitration. Other current or past academic appointments include Global Professor of Law at NYU Law School, Visiting Professor at SciencesPo Law School Paris, Adjunct Professor at the Georgetown Centre of Transnational Legal Studies, as well as visiting positions at UIBE Law School Beijing, City University Hong Kong, Bucerius Law School Hamburg, University of Melbourne, Freie Universität Berlin, Sorbonne Law School, Université de Versailles, Université de Fribourg Switzerland, Universität Wien, Universität Würzburg, Pepperdine Law School, Université de Bourgogne, Universität Basel and Université de Paris X Nanterre.

Maxi studied law at Cologne University, Germany (LLM, summa cum laude) and at University Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, France (maitrise, DEA, top of class) where she also earned her PhD in international private law (summa cum laude). She is a member of the Paris Bar and a solicitor in England and Wales. Maxi speaks English, French and German fluently.

Research

Maxi Scherer’s research focuses on international arbitration (in particular international commercial arbitration and investment arbitration in the energy sector), international litigation and international private law. She is the General Editor of the Kluwer Journal of International Arbitration.

Publications

Professor Maxi Scherer's SSRN page

Books

  • International Arbitration in the Energy Sector (ed.), Oxford University Press, 2018
  • Transparency in International Investment Arbitration (A Guide to the UNCITRAL Standard on Transparency in Treaty-Based Investor-State Arbitration) (co-editor), Cambridge University Press, 2015
  • Arbitrating under the 2014 LCIA Rules (co-author), Wolters Kluwer, 2015
  • The New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, author of sections on Articles III, IV and V(1)(b), edited by Professor Reinmar Wolff, C. H. Beck München & Hart Publishing Oxford, 2012
  • Le Nom en Droit International Privé, Etude de Droit Comparé Français et Allemand [The Name in Private International Law – A Study of French and German Comparative Law], LGDJ, 2004.

Articles

  • The Principle of Equal Treatment in International Arbitration, with D. Prasad & D. Prokic, in: A. Björklund, F. Ferrari & S. Kröll (eds), Cambridge Compendium of International Commercial and Investment Arbitration, Cambridge University Press, 2019 (forthcoming)
  • Commentary on ICSID Rules 46, 47, 48 and 79, with D. Morris, in: G. Alvarez, J. Fouret & R. Gerbay (eds), The ICSID Convention, Rules and Regulations: A Commentary, Hart Publishing, 2019 (forthcoming)
  • Commentary of New York Convention Articles III, IV and V(1)(b), in: R. Wolff (ed.), The New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, C. H. Beck München & Hart Publishing Oxford, 2nd edn, 2019 (forthcoming)
  • International Arbitration 3.0 – How Artificial Intelligence Will Change Dispute Resolution, Austrian Yearbook of International Arbitration, C.H. Beck, 2019
  • Inherent Powers to Sanction Party Conduct, in: F. Ferrari (ed.), Inherent Powers, Juris Publishing, 2018, pp. 105-132
  • Confidentiality in the New 2017 Bahrain Chamber for Dispute Resolution BCDR Rules, with N. Allen, BCDR International Arbitration Review, 2018, pp. 431-446
  • Transparency in Dispute Settlement, with D. Euler, in: T. Cottier & K. Nadakavukaren Schefer (eds), Elgar Encyclopedia of International Economic Law, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017
  • A Comparative and Normative Analysis of Parties’ Agreements on Judicial Review of Awards, Arbitration International, 2016
  • Effects of International Judgments Relating to Awards, Pepperdine Law Journal, pp. 101-118, 2016
  • Limits to Party Autonomy during the Post-Award Review Stage, with L. Silberman in: F. Ferrari (ed), Limits to Party Autonomy in International Commercial Arbitration, Juris Publishing, 2016
  • L’autorité de chose jugée des décisions relatives au contrôle des sentences [Res Judicata of foreign judgments relating to arbitral awards], Revue de l’arbitrage, pp. 1-35, 2016
  • The New Emergency Arbitrator Provisions and Other Options for Urgent Relief Under the 2014 LCIA Rules, European International Arbitration Review, pp. 81-105, 2015
  • Ethical Questions Regarding Counsel Conduct in Arbitration, in : What a Counsel in Arbitration Can Do, Must Do or Must not Do?, Vanessa Foncke and Benoît Kohl (eds.), Bruylant, pp. 17-38, 2015
  • Transparency in International Investment Arbitration, in New Horizons of International Arbitration, 3rd edition, A. Asoskov, A. Muranov, R. Khodykin (eds), pp. 166-172, 2015
  • Les effets des jugements étrangers relatifs aux sentences arbitrales, Travaux du Comité français de droit international privé (2013-2014), Pedone, pp. 101-135, 2015
    Set-Off In International Arbitration, Austrian Yearbook of International Arbitration, C.H. Beck, pp. 451-474, 2015
  • A Cross-Channel Divide Over Unilateral Dispute Resolution Clauses, Dossier XII of the ICC Institute of World Business Law, pp. 10-20, 2015
  • Effects of Foreign Judgments Relating to International Arbitral Awards: Is the ‘Judgment Route’ the Wrong Road?, Oxford Journal of International Dispute Settlement (JIDS), pp. 587-628, 2013,
  • Forum Shopping and Post-Award Judgments, with Linda Silberman, in: Forum Shopping in the International Commercial Arbitration Context”, F. Ferrari (ed.), Sellier, p. 313-345, 2013
  • Third-Party Funding In International Arbitration: Towards Mandatory Disclosure Of Funding Agreements? Dossier XI of the ICC Institute of World Business Law, pp. 95-100, 2013
  • Third Party Funding in International Arbitration in Europe: Part 2 – The Legal Debate, with A. Goldsmith and C. Flechet, RDAI/IBLJ, No.1, pp. 207-220, 2013
  • Third Party Funding in International Arbitration in Europe: Part 1 – Funders’ Perspectives, with A. Goldsmith and C. Flechet, RDAI/IBLJ, No.2, pp. 649-665, 2012
  • Le choix implicite dans les jurisprudences nationales : vers une interprétation uniforme du Règlement ? – L’exemple du choix tacite résultant des clauses attributives de juridiction et d’arbitrage [Implied Choice Under National Case Law : Towards a Uniform Interpretation of the Regulation ? – The Example of Implied Choice Resulting From Jurisdiction or Arbitration Agreements], in : Le règlement communautaire Rome I et le choix de loi dans les contrats internationaux [The Rome I Regulation and Choice of Law in International Contracts], S. Corneloup & N. Joubert (eds.), Litec, pp. 253-283, 2011
  • Globalization of International Commercial Arbitration, Revue des Juristes de SciencesPo, No. 2, p. 64, 2010
  • Zwänge und Entwicklungen im Prozessrecht: Das Neue Deutsche Schiedsverfahrensrecht [Necessity and Development in Procedural Law: The New German Arbitration Law], in: Gerichtsverfahren zwischen Gerechtigkeit und Ökonomie [Judicial Process Between Justice and Economics], U. Blaurock (ed.), Mohr Siebeck, p. 141, 2005
  • Pre-Trial Discovery nach dem Haager Beweisübereinkommen [Pre-Trial Discovery Under the Hague Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad], Commentary of the Paris Court of Appeals decision dated 18 September 2003, IPRax, p.456, 2005
  • Pre-Trial Discovery-Maßnahmen in Deutschland: Neuauflage des Deutsch-Amerikanischen Justizkonflikts [Pre-Trial Discovery in Germany: Another US-German Judiciary Conflict?], with M. Reufels , RIW, p. 667, 1999

Short Comments and Case Notes

  • The (Changing) Landscape of Investment Arbitration in the Energy Sector After the Achmea Judgment?, 2018
  • Transparency in Dispute Settlement, in: Th. Cottier & K. Nadakavukaren Schefer (eds), Elgar Encyclopedia of International Economic Law, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017
  • Conduct of Legal Representatives under the 2014 LCIA Arbitration Rules: How to Apply the New Provisions, Kluwerblog, 2015
  • Private Dispute Resolution in International Business (Negotiation, Mediation, Arbitration), 3rd edition, by Klaus Peter Berger, Book review, GAR, 2015
  • The Big Unknown Amongst the Arbitral Institutions? The American Arbitration Association – a leading provider of commercial dispute resolution services worldwide, with S. Ganz, Dispute Resolution (online), 2015
  • Success in International Arbitration: No Shortcuts, Dispute Resolution Magazine, 2015
  • Gruss aus Davos: International Arbitral Practice in Thomas Mann’s Magic Mountain, with D. Greineder, ICCA Newsletter, 2013
  • French Arbitration Law (Domestic and International) by Christophe Seraglini and Jérôme Ortscheidt, Book review, GAR, 2013
  • The French Rothschild Case: A Threat For Unilateral And Hybrid Dispute Resolution Clauses?, with S. Lange, Kluwerblog, 2013
  • Third Party Funding in International Arbitration: Towards Mandatory Disclosure of Funding Agreements?, Commercial Dispute Resolution, 2012
  • Getting Up To Speed For 2012: The New ICC Arbitration Rules, with Beat Schlaepfer, Young Arbitration Review 1/2012
  • Long-Awaited French Arbitration Law Revealed, Kluwerblog, 2011
  • Revision To French Arbitration Law Arrives, with Gary Born, John V.H. Pierce, New York Law Journal 16 May 2010
  • A View from the Mountain Top: A Challenge to International Arbitral Practice in Thomas Mann’s Magic Mountain, with Daniel Greineder, Kluwerblog, 2010
  • Ethics in International Arbitration – Introduction to the European and Middle Eastern Arbitration Review, with Gary Born, Global Arbitration Review Special Report, p. 3, 2009
  • The Effects of Insolvency on International Arbitration, on Kluwerblog, 2009
  • Bridging Cultural Gaps in International Arbitration – Introduction to the European and Middle Eastern Arbitration Review, with Gary Born, Global Arbitration Review Special Report, p. 7, 2008
  • Commentary on the French Supreme Court decision dated 11 January 2005, Revue Critique de Droit International Privé, p. 85, 2006

Public Engagement

Speaking engagements

    • ASA Annual Conference, moderation of a panel on “Corruption and Arbitration”, Geneva, February 2019
    • Casablanca Arbitration Days, presentation on “Do We Need a New New York Convention”, Casablanca, December 2018
    • Queen Mary University of London & WIPO, Annual Symposium, organisation and moderation of the conference on “ADR for Art and Cultural Heritage Disputes”, London, October 2018 

    • Investment Treaty Arbitration Conference, round-table discussion on “Transparency in Investment Arbitration: Latest Developments”, Prague, October 2018
    • Dutch Arbitration Day, moderator of panel on “How Will Technological Innovation Shape the Future of Arbitration?”, Amsterdam, October 2018
    • Club Español del Arbitraje Annual Congress, presentation on “Artificial Intelligence and Dispute Resolution” Madrid, June 2018
    • LCIA Perspectives, Interview, London, May 2018. Watch the full interview.
    • Paris Arbitration Week, panel discussion on "Future of ISDS: Is the Multilateral Investment Court the Way Forward?, Paris, April 2018
    • Queen Mary University of London & SciencesPo Law School, 6th Annual Arbitration Conference, organisation and moderation of the conference on “Arbitration is Dead! Long Live Arbitration!”, Paris, April 2018
    • Freshfields Arbitration Lecture (German edition), “Ethics in International Arbitration – How Far Is too Far?”, Frankfurt, March 2018
    • International Bar Association (IBA) Arbitration Day, panel discussion on “The pacta sunt servanda Principle as Created by International Arbitrators”, Buenos Aires, February 2018
    • Max-Plank Institute, panel discussion on “Privatization of Justice and Transparency: Arbitration, ADR”, Luxembourg, February 2018Vienna Arbitration Days, keynote on “International Arbitration 3.0 – How Artificial Intelligence Will Change Dispute Resolution”, Vienna, January 2018

  • GAR Live, moderation of a panel on “Question time for arbitrators”, Paris, November 2017
  • Swiss Arbitration Association (ASA), panel discussion on UK, Swiss and French arbitration law, Geneva, November 2017
  • Queen Mary University of London & WIPO, Annual Symposium, organisation and moderation of the conference on “ADR for Art and Cultural Heritage Disputes”, New York City, September 2017
  • German Arbitration Association (DIS), moderation of “Gang of 4” panel, Berlin, September 2017
  • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), Queen Mary Symposium on “Abuse of Process and International Arbitration”, Paris, March 2017
  • Cambridge Arbitration Day, presentation on “Increasing Transparency In Commercial & Investment Arbitration”, Cambridge, March 2017
  • Stockholm Chamber of Commerce Centennial Symposium “Arbitrating for Peace”, keynote opening remarks, Stockholm, January 2017
  • Triple AAA-ICC-ICSID Colloquium, presentation on “Arbitrators’ Conflict of Interests in Investment Arbitration”, Paris, December 2016
  • Queen Mary University of London, SciencesPo Law School & ICDR Y&I, 5th Annual Arbitration Conference, organisation and moderation of the conference on “Arbitration in Latin America”, Paris, December 2016
  • CIArb Conference, presentation on ICC Expedited Arbitration Procedures, London, October 2016
  • CIArb International Disputes Resolution Master Class, Beijing, October 2016
  • Hong Kong Arbitration week, chairing panel on Arbitrability, Hong Kong, October 2016
  • GAR Live, Hong Kong, debate on “This house believes that advocates should be appointed to plead on behalf of non-appearing respondents in arbitrations”, Hong Kong, October 2016
  • Vilnius Arbitration Days, paper on “Ethical Issues Under LCIA Arbitration Rules”, Vilnius, October 2016
  • Discussion on the content of the Kluwer Journal of International Arbitration Special BREXIT Issue, October 2016

  • GAR live, Oxford Union debate on counsel conduct, Frankfurt, Germany, June 2016
  • DIS40 event, moderating panel on “Pitfalls and Strategies in Communication with Arbitral Tribunals“, Frankfurt, Germany 2016
  • British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL), presentation on “Arbitration in the Energy Sector,” London, UK, May 2016
  • DIS40 event, presentation on “Gas Pricing Disputes in International Arbitration”, Hamburg, Germany, May 2016
  • ICCA Congress, presentation on “The Effect of Foreign National Court Judgements Relating to the Arbitral Award: A Conceptual Framework" Mauritius, May 2016
  • ICC conference Middle East and North Africa, presentation on emergency arbitrator proceedings, Dubai, April 2016
  • ICC & Queen May Symposium, presentation on emergency arbitrator proceedings, London, UK, February 2016
  • Casablanca Arbitration Days, presentation on Environment and Human Rights Issues in Arbitration in Africa, Casablanca, Morocco, December 2015
  • Arbitrating Under the LCIA Rules – An Insider Perspective, interview with Dr Jacomijn van Haersolte-van Hof (Director General of the LCIA), November 2015

  • French Comite of International Arbitration (Comité français de l’arbitrage), Annual conference on Res Judicata in International Arbitration, Paris, France, October 2015
  • 5th Investment Treaty Arbitration Conference 2015, presentation on Third Party Funding of International Arbitration, Prague, Czech Republic, October 2015
  • CEPANI40 annual conference, presentation on What a Counsel in Arbitration Can Do, Must Do or Must not Do?, Brussels, Belgium, October 2015
  • International Bar Association (IBA), Annual conference, presentation of a report on 40+ jurisdictions on the definition of public policy under the New York Convention, Vienna, Austria, October 2015
  • New York University School of Law, Center for Transnational Litigation and Commercial Law, Arbitration Forum, presentation and paper on “Party-Autonomy in the Post-Award Stage”, New York, US, September 2015
  • Russian Arbitration Day, Transparency in Investment Arbitration, Moscow, Russia, May 2015
  • King’s College and Shearman & Sterling International Arbitration Speaker Series, Third-party Funding in International Arbitration, London, UK, April 2015
  • Pepperdine Law School Arbitration Symposium, Recognition and Enforcement of Annulled Awards, Malibu, US, April 2015

     

  • German-US Law Association, The New LCIA Rules, Frankfurt, Germany, March 2015
  • Annual ICC & Queen Mary Joint Symposium of Arbitrators, Parallel proceedings in international arbitration, Paris, France, March 2015
  • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), ADR Training program, Krakow, Poland, March 2015
  • International Bar Association (IBA), Annual conference, paper presentation on “Public Policy from the National Courts’ Standpoint”, Tokyo, Japan, October 2014
  • International Energy Credit Association (IECA), training on Energy Charter Treaty Arbitration, London, UK, September 2014
  • European Society of International Law (ESIL), 10th Anniversary Conference, paper presentation on “The Implications of Third-Party Finding on International Arbitration: An Economic Analysis”, Vienna, Austria, September 2014
  • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), UK Symposium on “The Arbitral Award”, presentation on “The Relevance of National Law to Drafting and Enforcement of Awards”, London, UK, September 2014
  • Institute for Transnational Arbitration (ITA), Annual Workshop on ”Modern Enforcement of Arbitral Awards: Show Me the Money” Dallas, US, June 2014
  • Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC), Roadshow on “New Rules and Recent Practice”, London, UK, May 2014
  • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), Colloquium organized by Institute of Word Business Law on “Jurisdictional Choices in Times of Trouble”, Paris, France, May 2014
  • Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP and Kluwer Law International, panel discussion on the US Supreme Court decision in BG Group v. Republic of Argentina, April 2014

  • University of Paris, Sorbonne Law School, Institute of Legal Research, presentation on “Conflicting Judgments in International Arbitration”, Paris, France, April 2014
  • Belgrade University, conference on “Arbitrators’ Powers and Party Autonomy”, Belgrade, Serbia, April 2014
  • 10-11 March 2014 - Arbitration and EU Law, Trier, Germany
  • 12 December 2013 - Westminster Legal Policy Forum Keynote Seminar: The Future of Third-Party Litigation Funding, London, United Kingdom
  • 12 November 2013 - ICDR Y&I, SciencesPo Law School and Queen Mary, University of London: Conflicting Decisions in International Commercial Arbitration, Paris, France
  • 24 October 2013 - ICDR Y&I Annual Freshfields Arbitration Lecture, London, United Kingdom
  • 11 October 2013 - AFJE Annual Meeting of the French In-House Lawyers’ Association, Paris, France
  • 31 May 2013 - ASA below 40: The Empty Chair – Arbitrating Against Absent Respondents, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 8 May 2013 - BIICL: Unilateral Jurisdiction and Arbitration Clauses - Valid or Not?, London, United Kingdom
  • 2 March 2013 - NYU: Forum Shopping in the International Commercial Arbitration Context, New York, New York
  • 15 February 2013 - ESCP-Europe: The EU-Russia Energy Relationship: The Effect of the Yukos Case and Proceedings, London, United Kingdom
  • 23 January 2013 - 4th Hague Prize Colloquium on International Law: Recognition in Private International Law, The Hague, Netherlands
  • 26 November 2012 - ICC Annual Meeting of World Business Law Institute, Paris, France
  • 10 November 2012 - Practical Aspects of being a Lawyer in International Arbitration, Berlin, Germany
  • 3 October 2012 - IBA Conference, Dublin, Ireland
  • 24-25 September 2012 - ICC International Conference and Training, Nicosia, Cyprus
  • 18 July 2012 - University of Würzburg: Energy Charter Treaty Arbitration, Würzburg, Germany
  • 1 June 2012 - The Challenge of Proactivity, Paris, France
  • 25 May 2012 - International Chamber of Commerce: YAF Event, Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1 April 2012 - Anniversary Program 2012 - A Coffeehouse Debate, Vienna, Austria
  • 2 November 2011 - British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL): The Reception of Punitive Damages in France, London, UK

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