School of Law

Paris LLM Modules

Module Availability

Not all of the modules listed may be available in any one year. Those modules running are confirmed at the beginning of the semester when minimum student numbers have been ascertained. Module teachers, teaching dates and times may be subject to change (CCLS will work to ensure students are notified of any changes as soon as possible). Please further note that timetabling restrictions can sometimes prevent the choice of certain combinations of modules.

Credits

180 credits must be completed for the LLM. A 10,000-word dissertation is a compulsory component of the Programme and counts as 30 credits. Please select sufficient taught modules to reach 180 credits in total.

In order to receive an LLM specialism, a minimum of 90 taught programme credits need to be chosen from the specialist field. The 30-credit dissertation must also be within the specialist field. You are free to choose from all of the modules on offer in Paris for the remaining 60 credits necessary to attain the overall 180 credits.

Specialisms

Students opting to study any combination of modules would study the general Paris LLM in International Business Law. Should you wish to specialise in:

  • Banking and Finance Law LLM
  • Energy and Natural Resources Law LLM (not available in 2020/21)
  • Comparative and International Dispute Resolution LLM
  • Intellectual Property Law LLM
  • Technology, Media and Telecommunications Law LLM

The applicable specialisms for each module are noted in the descriptions below. Please note that some TMT specialism modules in the September-December 2020 semester will be available fully online.

Cloud Computing Law

Cloud Computing Law

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP604/ 15 credits

Module Description

This module will provide a foundation for understanding and analysing cloud computing structures and contracts for private and public sector cloud services, including standard terms and contract negotiations; the application of data protection law to the storage and other processing of information in cloud environments, including what is regulated, who is responsible, which laws apply and the circumstances in which law enforcement authorities access information; and the subsistence and ownership of proprietary rights in data stored, processed and generated in cloud environments.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Technology, Media & Telecommunications Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hr15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

  • Niamh Gleeson

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

Corporate Rescue and Cross-border Insolvency

Corporate Rescue and Cross-border Insolvency

Module Description

The course is premised upon the notion that the student of insolvency law ought to develop a sound understanding of the dynamics of insolvency and debt restructuring, including available options, methods and techniques in the light of regulatory theories, applicable legal framework, shareholders capitalism and public policy objectives. The course will provide a critical and insightful view of current international legal developments and trends with the aim of identifying the most salient legal issues involved in insolvency and debt restructuring in the context of an increasingly complex financial phenomena and global markets.

The module would enable students to identify common aspects in the dynamics, techniques and mechanisms to deal with distress scenarios and discover innovative trends in a continuously developing area. It will provide students with an introduction and basis for the understanding of the developments in reorganization, restructuring, debt-write-offs, debt-equity swaps, and debt conversion/extinction. In other words, methods and techniques to deal with the broad spectrum of restructuring from a legal, economic and policy point of view. The course will also provide strong legal analytical skills.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Banking & Finance Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hrs 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

E-Commerce Transactions

E-Commerce Transactions

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP219/ 15 credits

Module Description

This module investigates the difficulties posed by the problem of creating legally effective e-commerce transactions in a complex cross-border legal environment and potential solutions to those difficulties. It focuses on how e-commerce businesses are constrained to undertake and structure their online activities, and on how legal creativity might be used to reduce or eliminate legal uncertainties.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Technology, Media & Telecommunications Law

Mode of Assessment

24-hour Final Assessment Exercise

Module Convenor(s)

  • Dr Laura Edgar

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

  • Friday 2 October 2020
  • Saturday 3 October 2020
  • Friday 16 October 2020
  • Saturday 17 October 2020

Energy and Climate Change

Energy and Climate Change

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP160 / 15 credits

Module Description

This module will look at the international legal regime relating to climate change and consider how this will directly impact the energy sector. There is a fundamental shift in the energy industry away from fossil fuels (non renewable sources) to clean energy (renewable sources). This transition and how it will take place over the coming years will be discussed. The transition fuel being identified by the International Energy Agency as the lowest carbon is gas. This will impact on the unconventional and LNG sector during this important transition. Traditional oil and gas companies including for example BP, Total and Shell will have to change their business model in line with new regulation. This module will also consider emissions trading and its effectiveness, the NDC (nationally determined commitments of states to achieve climate change goals. In addition it will consider the polluter pays principle as well as the growing number of climate change disputes and consider how these might impact future energy regulation, international and national. The focus is climate change exclusively from the perspective of the energy sector.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law

Mode of Assessment

One 4000 word essay

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

English Contract Law

English Contract Law

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP601 / 15 credits

Module Description

The module will cover the English law of contract, including the rules governing the formation, construction and interpretation of contracts (including the incorporation and implication of terms), the circumstances where contracts may be deemed to be vitiated, as well as the available remedies for breach of contract. This module will also give students insight into the workings of the common law.

The module will examine English Contract law with a particular focus on commercial contracts. The module aim is for students to familiarise with concepts, principles, doctrines and rules of English law governing commercial contracts and provide them with sound legal knowledge of all such aspects, thus enabling them, by the end of the module, to formulate concrete arguments and opinions on the various aspects and complex doctrines involved. In practical terms the module will furnish students with an understanding of how the law applies in the day-to-day operation of the commerce and with the ability to evaluate the law critically.  

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hr 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

Ethics and Governance in Business and Finance

Ethics and Governance in Business and Finance

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP011/ 15 credits

Module Description

The module on "Ethics and governance in business and finance" analyses unethical practices arising in business and in the financial sector and links them with corresponding corporate governance problems.  The module then provides a critical evaluation of the relevant UK and EU regulatory and supervisory frameworks which strive to address them. Reference to international standards and US law is made where relevant. Thorough consideration is also given to Corporate Social Responsibility and Responsible Investment.

The module aims at providing students with an understanding of the ethical problems which riddle the conduct of business of both financial and non-financial corporations. Given the persistence and apparent resilience of unethical conduct, it is a pedagogical imperative to educate future generations on the matter.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Banking and Finance Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hrs 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

EU and US Design Law

EU and US Design Law

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP081 / 15 credits

Module Description

Design rights are exclusive rights granted for the protection of a design that offers a new and individual appearance.  This module deals with the rationales for and process of obtaining and enforcing design protection under the provisions of the European and US statutes, including infringement, defences, revocation and remedies. The module will:

  • Provide students with a sound understanding of the rationales and essential principles of European and US design law, providing a foundation and context for intellectual property law and practice;
  • Provide students with a detailed understanding of the laws on European design protection, registered and unregistered, focusing in particular on the Community Design Regulation 6/2002;
  • Provide students with an overview of the overlaps of copyright, registered design and trade mark/trade dress protection in Europe and the US;
  • Illustrate these lessons with brief examinations of the fashion and automotive sectors, and a one-hour moot.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Intellectual Property Law

Mode of Assessment

One coursework essay of 4000 words

Module Convenor(s)

Professor David Musker

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

EU Data Protection Law

EU Data Protection Law

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP209 / 30 credits

Module Description

This module examines EU data protection laws and examples of the regulatory frameworks established in the Member States. It explores the key debates and commercial implications of the current regime under the Data Protection Directive and the new regime under the General Data Protection Regulation, including the challenges of particular developments, such as telecommunications, cloud computing and the Internet of Things.

Students will acquire legal knowledge, and gain a robust insight into policy considerations underlying statutory law. You will also acquire an international and comparative perspective on how the law is understood and applied in different jurisdictions. You will thereby be placed in a position to critically analyse current developments.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Technology, Media & Telecommunications Law

Mode of Assessment

One 3hrs 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

European Copyright Law

European Copyright Law

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP075 / 15 credits

Module Description

This module focuses on the copyright law of the European Union and on the relationship between that body of rules and the copyright laws of the Union's member states (including France and Germany).  It aims to provide students with a broad understanding of those systems and a more detailed awareness of specific topical issues within European copyright law. This module aims to provide students with:

  • A sound understanding of the history and principles underlying the systems of copyright law in the European Union and its Member States;
  • An overview of the rules of those systems;
  • A detailed understanding of certain important aspects of the relevant law - e.g. originality, forms of protected work, ownership, infringement, defences, moral rights;
  • An ability to understanding the current challenges facing the development of copyright law within Europe.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Intellectual Property Law

Mode of Assessment

One coursework essay of 4000 words

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

  • Thursday 24 September 2020
  • Friday 25 September 2020
  • Thursday 8 October 2020

European Law of Patents

European Law of Patents

Module Code / Credit value

CCLP076 / 15 credits

Module Description

Patents are exclusive rights granted for the protection of an invention that offers a new and inventive technical solution or way of doing something. This module deals with the process of obtaining and enforcing a patent under the provisions of the UK Patents Act 1977, the European Patent Convention (EPC) and the Unified Patent Court (UPC), including infringement, defences, revocation and remedies. This modules aims to:

  • Provide students with a sound understanding of the essential principles of European patent law, providing a foundation and context for intellectual property law and practice;
  • Provide students with a detailed understanding of the laws on European patent law, focusing in particular on the UK Patents Act, the EPC and the UPC;
  • Provide students with a detailed understanding of the process of obtaining and enforcing a patent by virtue of the UK Patents Act, the EPC and the UPC;
  • Provide students with a detailed understanding of the legal concepts of novelty, inventive step and industrial application under the EPC and infringement, defences, revocation and remedies under the UK Patents Act and before the UPC.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Intellectual Property Law

Mode of Assessment

One coursework essay of 4000 words

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

European Law of Trade-marks

European Law of Trade-marks

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP083/ 15 credits

Module Description

The emphasis is on European trade-mark law and, the relevant legal instruments and the extensive jurisprudence developed by the CJEU in that regard, with particular emphasis on the manner in which the latter is applied by UK courts. Trade-mark law has become an important driver of the economy, while brand loyalty, commercial reputation and goodwill are some of the most important assets a commercial entity might possess. These aspects will be covered in depth in relation to the trade-marks jurisprudence in Europe. Moreover, with the looming UK departure from the EU, the interplay between EU and UK trade-mark will be explored as it is of utmost importance to lawyers involved in pan-European transactions and litigation.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Intellectual Property Law

Mode of Assessment

24-hour final assessment exercise

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

  • Tuesday 3 November 2020
  • Wednesday 4 November 2020
  • Thursday 5 November 2020
  • Tuesday 24 November 2020
  • Wednesday 25 November 2020

Insurance Law (Not running 2020-21)

Insurance Law

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP140 / 15 credits

Module Description

This module looks at particular types of insurance contract. It considers the impact on specific insurance contracts of the application of general principles of insurance contract, the terms that appear in different types of contract, their function and how they are interpreted by the courts, and how the applicable legislative environment varies with different types of insurance. Insurance is fundamental to a modern economy, allowing businesses and individuals to transfer the risk of loss, thereby facilitating investment and protecting wealth, and London is a world centre of the insurance industry. Students require no prior knowledge of insurance or English law. You will learn all they need to know as the module progresses.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in LLM in Banking and Finance Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hrs 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

  • Professor Philip Rawlings

Mode of Delivery

Daytime classes taught over 4 days

International Arbitration and Energy

International Arbitration and Energy

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP163 / 15 credits

Module Description

International arbitration proceedings in the energy sector have seen an important increase in recent years, both in terms of their numbers and their economic and political importance.  This module provides students with the basis for understanding the particular issues of disputes in the energy sector, both in international investment and commercial arbitration.  This module gives students aiming to work in the arbitration area an important qualification in a very competitive market. The module includes various case studies and interventions from guest lectures from the energy industry and private practice.

It is recommended that this module be taken in conjunction with module CCLP047 Investment Treaty Arbitration.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Comparative and International Dispute Resolution
  • LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hrs 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

  • Wednesday 2 December 2020
  • Thursday 3 December 2020
  • Friday 6 December 2020
  • Thursday 10 December 2020
  • Friday 11 December 2020

International Arbitration: Applicable Laws and Procedures

International Arbitration: Applicable Laws and Procedures

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP044 / 15 credits

Module Description

The growth of international commercial transactions, including infrastructure and investment projects, financial and IP transactions, has been accompanied over the last sixty years by the increased use of arbitration to settle disputes. Arbitration is now established as the preferred method of international dispute resolution as it provides for the neutrality and flexibility commercial parties seek.

This module examines the fundamental theoretical concepts and legal framework for international commercial arbitration. The teaching approach taken for this module is international and comparative, drawing on the laws of all major legal systems (including England, France, Switzerland, the USA, Model Law Countries, Singapore, China and Hong Kong) as well as the most important institutional and ad hoc arbitration rules (including the rules of the International Chamber of Commerce, the London Court of International Arbitration, the UNCITRAL Rules, the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, the Singapore International Arbitration Centre). Particular focus is also given to the 1958 United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (the New York Convention) which has a central important in international commercial arbitration.

The aim of this course is to establish students’ knowledge and critical understanding as well as provide an insight into the practice of international commercial arbitration as an independent comparative law subject. The subject is first examined generically, without any reference to any national laws, arbitration rules or international instruments; and then various national and institutional approaches are presented.

The focus will be on applicable laws and procedures, including issues of evidence and issues of the relevance of the seat.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Comparative and International Dispute Resolution

Mode of Assessment

One 2hrs 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

  • Thursday 2 April 2020
  • Friday 3 April 2020
  • Tuesday 28 April 2020
  • Wednesday 29 April 2020

International Arbitration: Regulation and Infrastructure

International Arbitration: Regulation and Infrastructure

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP043 / 15 credits

Module Description

The growth of international commercial transactions, including infrastructure and investment projects, financial and IP transactions, has been accompanied over the last sixty years by the increased use of arbitration to settle disputes. Arbitration is now established as the preferred method of international dispute resolution as it provides for the neutrality and flexibility commercial parties seek.

This module examines the fundamental theoretical concepts and legal framework for international commercial arbitration. The teaching approach taken for this module is international and comparative, drawing on the laws of all major legal systems (including England, France, Switzerland, the USA, Model Law Countries, Singapore, China and Hong Kong) as well as the most important institutional and ad hoc arbitration rules (including the rules of the International Chamber of Commerce, the London Court of International Arbitration, the UNCITRAL Rules, the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, the Singapore International Arbitration Centre). Particular focus is also given to the 1958 United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (the New York Convention) which has a central important in international commercial arbitration.

The aim of this course is to establish students’ knowledge and critical understanding as well as provide an insight into the practice of international commercial arbitration as an independent comparative law subject. The subject is first examined generically, without any reference to any national laws, arbitration rules or international instruments; and then various national and institutional approaches are presented.

The focus will be on regulation and infrastructure and will also cover arbitration agreement and arbitration tribunal.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Comparative and International Dispute Resolution

Mode of Assessment

One 2hrs 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

International Banking Regulation

International Banking Regulation

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP007 / 30 credits

Module Description

The module on "International Banking Regulation" provides students with an in depth and thorough understanding of the legal and supervisory framework covering the entire life-cycle of a bank, from its inception to its failure. It also considers the economic and legal rationale for regulating banking institutions. The module covers primarily the regulatory and the supervisory framework in the UK and the EU.  However, reference to international standards and the activities of international standard setters, such as the Financial Stability Board and the Basel Committee of Banking Supervision, is made throughout the module.

The module aims at providing students with a solid, thorough and cross disciplinary understanding of the most important regulations applicable to the Banking sector. The study of regulation will be complemented with that of supervision. This is a fundamental module for all students wishing to specialise in banking and finance.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Banking and Finance Law

Mode of Assessment

One 7500 word essay

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

  • Wednesday 7 October 2020
  • Thursday 8 October 2020
  • Friday 9 October 2020
  • Wednesday 28 October 2020
  • Thursday 29 October 2020
  • Friday 30 October 2020

International Commercial Arbitration (Skills and Advocacy)

International Commercial Arbitration (Skills and Advocacy)

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP602 / 15 credits

Module Description

International Arbitration is a more and more specialized area of law.  In this module, students will learn the specific skill sets needed to become a successful arbitration lawyer.  Oral and written advocacy, understanding of different cultural legal backgrounds and other skills will be taught on a “learning by doing basis.”  Students will take part in practical exercises, stepping in the shoes of arbitrator, counsel or clients.  Applying the theoretical concepts of international arbitration in practice, students will lean the fundamental skills that will give students an important qualification in a competitive legal market. You will benefit from practical guest lectures from renowned arbitration practitioners. Prior knowledge of dispute resolution or arbitration is strongly recommended for this module.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Comparative and International Dispute Resolution

Mode of Assessment

  • One 2hrs 15mins written examination (50%)
  • Practical class exercises and oral presentation (50%)

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

International Construction Contracts and Dispute Resolution (Not running 2020-21)

International Construction Contracts and Dispute Resolution

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP042 / 15 credits

Module Description

International construction contracts have by their nature special features, which affect the methods of resolving disputes arising from them. The module, conducted through series of seminars,  examines in detail the nature of international construction contracts, the typical clauses included in the standard form of FIDIC conditions, the parties to construction contract (and in particular the role of the Engineer and the Contractor), their structure, and the types of disputes that arise under them.

This modules aims:

  • To assist students in developing a detailed, critical and advanced knowledge of key areas of international construction contracts as well as the process of resolving disputes arising out of this type of contracts;
  • To provide students a solid theoretical background of construction law and arbitration, which will be transferred to their professional activities as lawyers, consultants or counsel. 

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Comparative and International Dispute Resolution

Mode of Assessment

One 2hrs 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

International Energy Transactions (Not running 2020-21)

International Energy Transactions

Module Code / Credit value

CCLP162 / 15 credits

Module Description

This module will teach students about the main types of energy transactions while putting them in the context of the energy transition. International energy transactions are complex, large, incredibly high risk and very expensive. They involve many parties from hosts states, international oil companies, national oil companies, NGOs, IGOs as well as service providers. The course is focused on practical issues including specific contract provisions used in upstream contacts from concessions to joint operating agreements. The module also looks at how these large expensive energy projects are financed. The unconventional market development in particular in the USA and the LNG value chain with the impact on the global gas market are also covered. Nuclear power is still part of the energy matrix of many states being a low carbon process and ensuring energy security.

The course aims to give a practical overview of the main types of transactions so that students understand the market drivers, can identify the types of contracts and the impact of the move from fossil fuels to clean sustainable power generation. The energy sector in dynamic and students need to be aware of impact this energy transition will have on the energy sector in the future.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hr15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Daytime classes taught over 3 days

International Law of Patents and Related Rights

International Law of Patents and Related Rights

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP077 / 15 credits

Module Description

Patents provide, for a limited time, the right to exclude others from acts of making, using, selling, keeping or importing products containing the patented invention. Under the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (the TRIPS Agreement) WTO Members, in particular developing countries, face challenges in meeting their obligations to provide patent protection and related rights. The module will assess the extent to which these obligations derived from international law impact on access to medicines, traditional knowledge, biological diversity, farmers' rights, food security and human rights.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Intellectual Property Law

Mode of Assessment

One coursework essay of 4000 words

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

International Regulation and Governance of Energy (Not running 2020-21)

International Regulation and Governance of Energy

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP164 / 15 credits

Module Description

This module will provide students with a good knowledge of the regulation and governance of the energy sector. It considers the issues impacting the continuing development of the sector as it relates to regulation with particular emphasis on the EU and the internal energy market it seeks to create. It will examine specifically, for example, energy regulation models, and the regulation and governance of specific markets such as oil and gas, electricity and alternate energy sources.  It will explore issues such as the role of ACER as a transnational regulator, the European Target Model for the electricity and gas markets, market coupling and the likely shape of future energy markets as the Energy Union continues to take shape. It will encourage students to critically analyse the issues impacting regulation and to apply their knowledge to factual problems encountered by regulators and non-state actors.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Energy & Natural Resources Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hrs 15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Evening classes over 5 days

Introduction to Competition Law (Not running 2020-21)

Introduction to Competition Law

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP607 / 15 credits

Module Description

The module will provide an introduction to competition law. The module will address the essentials of Article 101 TFEU (undertaking, agreement etc.), discuss various types of anticompetitive agreements, as well as the modern approach to the application of Article 101(3) TFEU in defending anticompetitive agreements. Then the module will look at Article 102 TFEU. The module will analyse the essential features of Article 102 TFEU i.e. the concept of dominance and the concept of abuse. Then the module will present some of the abuses (e.g. tying/bundling, exclusive dealing, price discrimination, refusal to supply). Finally, the module will analyse the assessment of mergers and acquisitions, focusing on substantive analysis. The content of the module is relevant for the competition enforcement by the European Commission, but also by National Competition Authorities of the EU Member States. The module will adopt a very practical perspective (case studies, quizzes) and will aim to equip students with the tools they need to assess/address infringements of national and EU competition law.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law

Mode of Assessment

One coursework essay of 4000 words

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Evening classes and Saturday daytime classes

Teaching Dates

  • Friday 21 February 2020
  • Saturday 22 February 2020
  • Friday 20 March 2020
  • Saturday 21 March 2020

Investment Treaty Arbitration

Investment Treaty Arbitration

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP047 / 30 credits

Module Description

The legal environment for international trade and foreign investment has changed dramatically since the end of the Cold War. Foreign investors are much more willing to pursue a claim of, for example, alleged expropriation or discriminatory behaviour by a host State. Further, public international law principles must also be considered once a state is involved. Principles of state responsibility, expropriation and acts tantamount to expropriation, what comprises fair and just compensation, immunity from suit and immunity from execution. These public international law principles overlap somewhat uncomfortably with the commercial interests of foreign investors. Developments in investment arbitration and trade dispute resolution have been rapid in recent years. It is now crucial that academics and legal practitioners are aware of the complex international legal elements involved in the resolution of investment and trade disputes.  The subject has become very topical with broader political and economic debate on ISDS. This debate has intensified in recent years and various reform projects are underway at UNCITRAL, ICSID and other international organisation.

Course materials for this module are available to purchase from the QMUL e-shop; show receipt and collect from Student Services at ULIP.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Comparative and International Dispute Resolution

Mode of Assessment

One 3hr15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

  • Wednesday 14 October 2020
  • Thursday 15 October 2020
  • Friday 16 October 2020
  • Wednesday 18 November 2020
  • Thursday 19 November 2020
  • Friday 20 November 2020

Lawyer Negotiations (Not running 2020-21)

Lawyer Negotiations

Module Code / Credit value

CCLP039 / 15 credits

Module Description

The course will explore negotiation through various theoretical approaches including strategic bargaining, cognitive theories, processual analysis, for example.  The focus will be on the lawyer as negotiator and the intent is to blend theoretical analysis with practical application.  Lectures will be delivered in combination with role-play simulations and exercises. Students will be expected to participate in exercises and simulated roleplays each class.

This module aims to familiarise the student with negotiation theory and to explore how these theories impact the student’s approach to negotiation; to enhance the student’s preparation for and engagement in negotiation; to combine theoretical learning with practical application to gain understanding through experiential learning.

Please note that registrations for this module will be capped at 20 students.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Comparative and International Dispute Resolution

Mode of Assessment

One course work essay of 3000-4000 words (80%)

One oral presentation of 10-15 minutes (20%)

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Daytime classes taught over 3 days

Teaching Dates

  • Monday 26 October 2020
  • Tuesday 27 October 2020
  • Wednesday 28 October 2020

Legal Aspects of International Finance

Legal Aspects of International Finance

Module Code

CCLP606 /15 credits

Module Description

How do corporates and governments raise large-scale finance in the international banking and capital markets?

The focus will be on certain key financial transactions:

  • syndicated loans: where multiple lenders lend on the basis that each has a separate contract with the borrower but all act together
  • bonds: where the entity seeking funds borrows directly from investors through the market rather than from a bank
  • securitisation: bonds backed by an income stream, such as mortgage payments or, with Bowie bonds, future music royalties

We will look at the issues that shape both the way the documents are drafted and the structures supporting them. These documents are taken from contracts used in the London market, and, in particular, we will analyse the Loan Market Association's Multicurrency Term and Revolving Facilities Agreement. As a global financial centre, these London documents have been adopted in other financial markets around the world. Transactions undertaken in London often do not involve any party or asset located in the United Kingdom. Indeed, the transactions we will examine are cross-border: for example, Lenders located in Countries A, B and C, Borrower in Country D, Assets in Country E, Governing Law specified as English Law.

Students are not required to have any prior knowledge of banking, finance, contract law, or English law. You will learn all you need to know, including the terminology, as we proceed. Materials, including a detailed study guide, will be provided.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Banking and Finance Law

Mode of Assessment

Blended

Module Convenor(s)

  • Professor Philip Rawlings

Mode of Delivery

Daytime classes taught over 3 days

Teaching Dates

  • Monday 21 September 2020
  • Tuesday 22 September 2020
  • Thursday 22 October 2020

Licensing Intellectual Property

Licensing Intellectual Property

Module Code / Credit Value

QLLP014 / 22.5 credits

Module Description

The module begins with an explanation of the principles of intellectual property, contract and competition law as they relate to licensing contracts. The body of the module will be concerned with the character, structure and drafting of licensing agreements for the major forms of intellectual property to include patent, trade mark and copyright licensing. The module will examine in light of statute and case law, the key terms common to such licensing agreements including: ownership; grant of intellectual property; territorial exclusivity; invention improvement; sublicensing; royalties; warranties; indemnities and dispute resolution. The module will discuss current issues in the field of licensing including trade marks and selective distribution agreements; standard essential patents and FRAND (fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory) licensing; as well as copyright licensing, news aggregation; and technological self-help measures including blockchain technologies.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Intellectual Property Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hr315mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

  • TBC

Mergers and Acquisitions

Mergers and Acquisitions

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP010 / 15 credits

Module Description

Primarily the course aims to contribute to a critical understanding of the subject matter through the combined study of theories of regulation in general and the corporate dynamics in particular, with a special focus on the different stakeholders involved in corporate finance. The module will focus on issues such as: the use of debt and equity; why merge or acquire a business; due diligence, acquisition/sale agreements and contractual governance; the permissibility and regulation of takeover defences in the UK, US and the EU and the protection of minority shareholders through the regulation of this bid process; the role of other constituencies such as employees affected by control transactions. Finally this module is a good complement to the one in Securities and Markets Regulation.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Banking and Finance Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hr15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

Securities and Markets Regulation

Securities and Markets Regulation

Module Code / Credit Value

CCLP001 / 15 credits

Module Description

The module in Securities and Markets Regulation covers the most important pieces of EU legislation applicable to capital markets.  These include the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive and Regulation (MiFID and MiFIR), the Transparency Directive and the UCITS and AIFM Directives, which discipline collective investment funds and alternative investment funds managers.

Particular attention will be given to the study of market venues as well as the European and International institutional framework governing their supervision.

This module is a good complement to CCLP010 Mergers and Acquisitions.          

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Banking and Finance Law

Mode of Assessment

One 2hr15mins written examination

Module Convenor(s)

Mode of Delivery

Blended

Teaching Dates

TBC

Trade Secrets (Not running 2020-21)

Trade Secrets

Module Code / Credit value

CCLP096/ 15 credits

Module Description

Every intellectual property right starts life as a trade secret. Trade secrets and related intellectual assets are viewed as critical to the success of many businesses. But they are also uniquely fragile rights and so their protection under different legal systems requires close assessment.  This module complements other IP modules by providing an opportunity to study the economic and legal foundations of these important rights.

Applicable Specialisms

  • LLM in International Business Law
  • LLM in Intellectual Property Law

Mode of Assessment

One coursework essay of 4000 words

Module Convenor(s)

  • John Hull

Mode of Delivery

Daytime classes taught over 4 days

Teaching Dates

  • Thursday 1 October 2020
  • Friday 2 October 2020
  • Thursday 12 November 2020

Cyber Crime

Cybercrime, cyberterrorism and cyberwar are new threats developed in the interconnected age of the internet. In this Module we are looking at a range of crimes committed through the use of computers, including computer-related crimes (e.g. fraud, phishing, identity theft), computer integrity offences (e.g. hacking, denial of service attacks, malware), content-related crimes (e.g. child sex abuse images, hate speech and copyright infringement) and contact-related crimes (e.g. Harassment, stalking and revenge porn). This Module examines the Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention (2001) and its implementation in the UK and the US. The Convention addresses three distinct issues, which are reflected in the course: substantive criminal law, I e.g. the need for new offences; procedural law, e.g. Investigatory powers, and international co-operation, e.g. mutual legal assistance and extradition.

Mode of delivery

Fully online

Information and Communications Technology and Competition Law

The following six factors make the study of competition law as applied to the ICT sector a fascinating subject area: First, the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) industries are characterised by rapid and constant change. Secondly, network effects are a frequent characteristic of ICT in that the most popular provider quickly becomes the most useful which in turn makes this provider more popular which quickly leads to significant market power (the value of the product or service being dependent on the number of users, see Facebook, to name but one example). Thirdly, the extensive use of intellectual property rights in the ICT sector, conferring effectively limited monopoly rights to a provider, leads to a tension between IP rights and competition law. Fourthly, new business models that change the traditional supply and distribution systems (frequently cutting out the intermediary in a vertical chain) create possible tensions with rules of competition law established in the offline world. Fifthly in order to ensure interoperability between different ICTs standardisation is crucial, but standardisation also conflicts with free competition, requiring a balancing act. Finally the convergence between different types of technologies (such as the internet and broadcasting/communications in the shape of IPTV/video-on-demand or Voice over IP (such as Skype)) also changes the structure of ICT markets. This module analyses EU competition law, including merger control, vertical and horizontal restrictions of competition and how EU competition law has reacted to these factors (some having pro-competitive, some having anti-competitive effects). The module examines in detail recent investigations and decisions such as those concerning Microsoft and Google.

Mode of delivery

Fully online

European Telecommunications Law

This module aims to teach you a key aspect of communications law: the European legal framework governing the markets for telecommunications equipment, network and services. Telecommunications law governs the infrastructure underlying all modern electronic communications, traditional fixed-line telephony, mobile telephony and the internet.

This module examines the most important facets of telecommunications regulation: liberalisation of the markets, competition policy, consumer rights such as universal service, access to electronic communications networks, including the roll-out of broadband and fibre-optic cables (eg outside urban areas), interconnection issues (between different providers), the regulation of telephone numbers as assets, net neutrality (the question whether differential pricing regimes should apply to different types of content delivered over the network), standardisation of technologies and data protection and privacy issues related to electronic communications networks (such as disclosure and retention obligations in respect of different types of data).

This module analyses the main European instruments and their implementation in the EU (in their current revisions): Framework Directive, the Access Directive, Authorisation Directive, the Universal Service Directive and the e-Privacy Directive.

Mode of delivery

Fully online

Online Banking and Financial Services

The aim of the course is to educate you in the law and regulation of banking and financial services with specific relevance to their provision online. It examines the law relating to online payment services and online investment, the consumer protection issues and regulation of advertising, the authorisation and supervision of online financial activities and the legal issues of cross-border provision of financial services.

It looks at the regulation of payment systems and electronic money issuers (Payment Services Directive, E-money Directives) and the policy issues underlying this regulation (prudential supervision vs flexibility and innovation in high-technology markets). The module examines country of origin regulation and its implications for e-financial services in the EU Internal Market.

Mode of delivery

Fully online

Online Dispute Resolution in E-commerce

Online transactions present potential difficulties for disputants: parties in different jurisdictions with different legal rules (and possibly languages); transactional amounts that often preclude cross-border litigation and; the use of technology to effect an offer and acceptance. Cross-border redress through the courts in internet cases is made much more difficult and expensive because of these factors. Therefore internet disputes may benefit from Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) which is conducted online.

This module gives you a basic introduction to the main forms of ADR, mediation and arbitration, and explains the legal and psychological issues associated with ADR. The module then examines how ADR can be developed to become Online Dispute Resolution (ODR), conducted at a distance, obviating the need for travel and increasing the efficiency of dispute resolution, leading in particular to lower costs.

The module critically analyses examples of Online Dispute Resolution (ODR), such as the Uniform Dispute Resolution Procedure (UDRP) for top-level domain names or some of the ODR schemes involved in solving disputes in the financial or the communications sector. The design of such ODR is controversial and this module discusses the fairness of such systems and the trade-off between fairness and efficiency.

The module also explores recent developments in ODR in the international arena, the Organisation of American States (OAS), UNICTRAL (Working Group) and the EU all have put forward proposals for cross-border ODR in order to encourage e-commerce. Finally the module offers an opportunity to simulate ODR proceedings, role-playing online mediation or online arbitration with the use of a simple case-study and experimenting with different online communication tools.

Mode of delivery

Fully online

Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and the Law

While the use of robots creates arguably more efficient, precise and innovative outcomes, it also presents a number of questions with regards to liability, responsibility and legal personhood in criminal law, contractual obligations, and torts. The use of cognitive features allowing robots to interact with their environment inevitably raises issues of data protection and privacy.

The module covers both embodied artificial intelligent systems (robots) and non-embodied ones (intelligent agents). Distinction is also made between the behaviour of robots as tools of human interaction, and robots as independent agents in the legal arena and its legal ramifications.

Mode of delivery

Fully online

Information Security and the Law

Serious information security breaches in the private (such as the attack on Sony PlayStation Network in 2011) and the public sector make the headlines frequently, causing consumer consternation and lack of trust, business losses, public embarrassment and potentially, legal liability. Protecting their critical information systems and data is a serious concern for businesses and governments.

This module aims to teach you the key legal aspects and principles surrounding electronic data and systems security (protecting the confidentiality and integrity of data and systems from internal and external attacks), identity management, authentication and authorisation. The module illustrates these principles with examples.

It covers the legal framework in England and the European Union, in the shape of criminal laws (such as the Computer Misuse Act), administrative law (such as the EU Data Protection Directive 1995/46/EC and its national implementation, in particular the 7th data security principle) and civil liability.

The module also looks at standards for Information Security Management Systems such as ISO/IEC 27001:2005. On completing this module, you will have an understanding of what legal and commercial factors drive information security; the legal issues that arise in relation to information security; and, most importantly, what technical issues are involved and how the law affects them.

Mode of delivery

Fully online