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School of Law

Dr Theodora A Christou, Called to the Bar at Lincoln’s Inn (Barrister)

Theodora A

Convenor of Transnational Law and Governance

Room Number: Lincoln's Inn Fields


Theodora is Convenor of Transnational Law and Governance at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies of the School of Law. She developed this innovative and unique modules with the support of her guest lecturers, thereby ensuring that the modules are relevant to all legal specialisms. In Semester One, students learn how the state has lost its monopoly in law-making, the theory and realities that support the proposition that there is a plurality of sources including private actors; formation and enforcement of Transnational law, as well as its impact at national level. In Semester Two, guest lecturers from practice and industry, provide students with a practical insight into how law is really made.

She also teaches an Introduction to Law for Engineering and Science for the SEMS Department at Queen Mary and co-convenes International Human Rights Law at London School of Economics. She taught Criminal Law at QMUL (2009-12,1014/15) and was course convenor of the LLM module on International Protection of Human Rights at the University of Surrey (2015) and was also course convenor of the 'Forced Migration and Human Rights' unit on the MSc Refugee Studies at London South Bank University (2007-2010).

She is a consultant primarily on Human Rights, but also on Transnational Law and Governance, CSR, EU law, rule of law, international law, transitional justice, the link between human rights and commercial law, energy and natural resources law, legal reform, The Commonwealth, and the law’s response to globalisation.

As a consultant she has worked on cases before national, regional and international bodies and courts, conducted research, design and implementation of training (including the production of material and manuals) in over 20 countries, has consulted on legal reform, capacity building, litigation, policy development and transitional justice programmes in over 80 jurisdictions.

She is an elected member of the Executive of the Bar Human Rights Committee where she has worked on a number of projects concerning violence against women, fair trials, trial observations, prohibition of torture, elections, right to life, arbitrary detention, assassination attempts, freedom of expression.

As a Consultant at The AIRE Centre Theodora advised in over 200 cases covering EU law issues and Human Rights. Landmark cases include: A and others [2005] UKHL 71; Al-Skeini and others [2007] UKHL 26; R (on the application of Baiai and others) [2008] UKHL 53; Behrami v France; Saramati v France, Germany and Norway ECtHR [GC]; Chagos Islanders v UK ECtHR.

She has also worked in house at an IT Company working on rule of law, Climate Change projects, and data protection, running with the former General Counsel the Open Computing Alliance, she continues to produce regulatory reports for the Telecoms company. She was previously a Research Fellow at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL) working on issues ranging from Counter-Terrorism Laws, Human Rights, Telecommunications Regulation, Commonwealth Legal Advisory Service, Data Protection. She was awarded the Peter Duffy Human Rights Award by Lincoln’s Inn and worked for 3 months at the European Court of Human Rights under the supervision of Sir Nicolas Bratza.

Theodora has given expert evidence in a number of consultations, including: to the Home Office and Ministry of Justice Review of the Balance of EU Competence in Criminal Matters; to the UK Parliamentary Inquiry on Female Genital Mutilation (which led to the change in law introducing FGM Protection Orders); to the UK Parliamentary Inquiry on Violence Against Women; the Africa Justice Foundation, on The Rule of Law within the Post-2015 SDG Agenda; European Commission Consultation, A Green Paper on the application of EU criminal justice legislation in the field of detention; Comments on the Commission’s Public Consultation on ‘Post-i2010: priorities for a new strategy for European information society (2010-2015)’

Her varied research interests, evident in her work, stem from her personal working experience at BIICL, The AIRE Centre and other organisations and companies where she developed an expertise in the ability to immerse herself in a new topic and to conduct detailed research in any legal expertise.

Postgraduate Teaching


Theodora’s current interests include Transnational Law and Governance, in effect how the law responds to the irritations of globalisation, such as innovations in IT, economic power shifts, new ways of conducting business. Her interest is in particular on non-state law-making by private actors and private institutions, including law in the digitalised economy (the impact of technology on legal innovation).

She continues to lend her expertise in International Human Rights Law to numerous consultancy projects.


    JavaException: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Illegal character in query at index 98:\n\nTheodora A Christou (Editor and Contributor), European Cross Border Justice: A Case Study of the EAW, AIRE Centre: 2010 (cited in the Assange case [2011] EWHC 2849 (Admin))\nTheodora Christou and Catherine Meredith, Not in my Front Yard: Security and Resistance to State Responsibility for Extraterritorial Acts and Omissions, Wolf: 2009\nKeir Starmer QC and Theodora Christou, Foreword Lord Bingham of Cornhill, A Human Rights Manual and Sourcebook for Africa (BIICL, 2005)\nTheodora Christou and Juan Pablo Raymond (Eds), Foreword by Sir Nicolas Bratza QC, European Court of Human Rights: Remedies and Execution of Judgments (BIICL, 2005)\n\nChapter in Books\n\nCo-author, Albi, A, The Role and Future of National Constitutions in European and Global Governance. Questionnaire for the Network of Constitutional Experts, ERC Project No 284316, University of Kent (forthcoming)\nCo-author, Relationships between the national judicial authorities and the investigative agencies in the view of the EPPO: Operational models and best practices in fight against EU frauds (Hart, 2017).\n\nArticles\n\nTheodora A Christou, Committal Proceedings under the English Criminal Justice System, (Criminalia, 2016)\nTheodora A Christou and Sam Fowles. Failure to protect girls from female genital mutilation (2015) The Journal of Criminal Law 79(5), 344-357\nTheodora A Christou, An Attempt to end Turkey\'s Impunity for Population Transfers into Occupied Cyprus, (2014) Cyprus Human Rights Law Review Vol.3 pp.90-103\nTheodora A Christou, The European Arrest Warrant in the Context of Cyprus, Cyprus Human Rights Law Review, Issue 1, 2013\nTheodora Christou and Karen Weis, The European Arrest Warrant and Fundamental Rights: An Opportunity for Clarity, New Journal of European Criminal Law, Vol. 1/1 2010\nTheodora Christou, Eleni Kouzoupi and Helen Xanthaki, Mutual Recognition in Criminal Matters in Cyprus, European Journal of Law Reform Issue 1 2009\nTheodora Christou, Eleni Kouzoupi and Helen Xanthaki, Mutual Recognition in Criminal Matters in Cyprus, Amicus Curiae, Issue 78 Summer 2009, pp.2-7\nPhilip Aya, Theodora Christou, and Juan-Pablo Raymond, BIICL Report: The Application of the Death Penalty in Africa. (2005) Amicus Journal 13:17–21\nEuropean Human Rights Law Review, Case summaries and commentaries\nEuropean Human Rights Reports, Headnotes\nHuman Rights Training Manual for the Council of Europe (co-editor and contributor) appears as modules on the Council of Europe training site.\n\nReports and Manuals\n\nPrimary Author, The Trial of Aya Hegazy, Trial Observation Report (with BHRC and EuroMed Rights) 2017\nEditor, Coordination team member and national contact point for Cyprus on a Thomson Reuters-Aranzadi EC funded project -JUST/2011/JPEN/PR/1012/B3 \"Study on criminal sanction legislation and practice in representative Member States\", 2014\nEditor of report: Witchcraft Accusations and Persecution in Nepal - Country Report 2014 (with WHRIN and PPR Nepal) 2014\nConsulted and drafted on the International Law relevant to the report: An Unfinished War: Torture and Sexual Violence in Sri Lanka, 2009-2014 (with Yasmin Sooka and the International Truth & Justice Project, Sri Lanka) 2014\nEdited and produced a manual on Elections and trained lawyers, journalists, NGOs and election observers in Zimbabwe in conjunction with the John Smith Memorial Trust; as part of a FCO funded project, “Tracking Expression: Monitoring, Reporting and Addressing Human Rights Violations During Elections”. 2012\nProduced Training manual and material on Criminal Procedure in Tanzania for the Law School of Tanzania\nAuthor of Human Rights Manual for Palestinian Lawyers: Identifying, Investigating and Prosecuting Human Rights Violations.\n&flatXML=Y