School of Law

Professor Eric Heinze, Licence, Maîtrise (Paris); JD (Harvard); PhD (Leiden)


Professor of Law and Humanities

Telephone: +44 (0)20 7882 3951
Room Number: Mile End


Professor Eric Heinze's Inaugural Lecture: What is Injustice? Political, Legal and Literary Perspectives
21 November 2012

After completing studies in Paris, Berlin, Boston, and Leiden, Eric Heinze worked with the International Commission of Jurists and UN Sub-Commission on Human Rights, in Geneva, and on private litigation before the United Nations Administrative Tribunal in New York. He is a member of the Bars of New York and Massachusetts, and has also advised NGOs on human rights, including Liberty, Amnesty International and the Media Diversity Institute. He currently co-ordinates Queen Mary’s Inter-Departmental Philosophy Programme. His articles have appeared in The Washington Post, The Guardian, and other publications. He serves on the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Human Rights and the British Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies.

Professor Heinze’s books include Hate Speech and Democratic Citizenship (2016), The Concept of Injustice (2013), The Logic of Constitutional Rights (2005); The Logic of Liberal Rights (2003); The Logic of Equality (2003), Sexual Orientation: A Human Right (1995) (Russian translation 2004), and the collection Of Innocence and Autonomy: Children, Sex and Human Rights (2000). He has contributed chapters to such anthologies as Extreme Speech and Democracy (Weinstein & Hare, 2009); Religious Pluralism and Human Rights (Loenen & Goldschmidt, 2006) and Minority and Group Rights Toward the New Millennium (Bowring & Fottrell, 1999), and recent articles in Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Harvard Human Rights Journal, Modern Law Review, International Journal of Human Rights, International Journal of Law in Context, Ratio Juris, Legal Studies, Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence, Michigan Journal of International Law, National Black Law Journal, Journal of Social & Legal Studies, Law & Critique, and other scholarly journals.

Professor Heinze is convenor of the LLB courses on Democracy and Justice; Law, Justice and Ethics; and Law and Literature, Parts I and II. He has also taught undergraduate and post-graduate courses in Jurisprudence and Legal Theory, Public International Law, International Human Rights Law, and US Constitutional Law.

Professor Heinze’s awards and fellowships have included a Fulbright Fellowship, a French Government (Chateaubriand) Fellowship, a Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) fellowship, a Nuffield Foundation Grant, and various Harvard University Fellowships (Sheldon grant, Andres Public Interest grant, and C. Clyde Ferguson Human Rights Fellowship).


Grants and fellowships

  • Project Leader, EU-funded research consortium on Memory Laws in European and Comparative Perspectives (MELA), 1 Sept 2016 – 31 Aug 2019
    • Examining ways in which public understandings of the legitimacy of law are promoted through states’ official versions of key historical events
    • Supervising €1.250.000 grant coordinated by HERA (Humanities in the European Research Area)
    • Four Principle Investigators (Italy, Netherlands, Poland, UK) and six post-graduate researchers.
    • Chosen among eighteen finalists from an initial pool of over 600 proposals.  The International Review Panel’s ‘Consensus Statement’ (available on request) deems the project to be ‘at the forefront internationally’ and predicts it ‘will have a substantial and innovative academic and non-academic impact.’
  • Project Leader, Nuffield Foundation, UK, June 1998 – Sept. 1999
    • directed five junior researchers for project on sexuality and children’s rights
    • organised conference culminating in edited collection Of Innocence and Autonomy (see above under Publications)
  • Obermann Fellowship, Center for Advanced Studies, University of Iowa, June 1995 (groups seminar on critical approaches to EU law with special participation of Joseph Weiler and Alec Stone)
  • Chateaubriand fellowship, French Ministry of Education, Sept. 1992 - July 1993 (research on regulation of sexuality within French law)
  • Sheldon fellowship, Harvard University, June – Aug 1992 (research on anti-discrimination law)
  • Fulbright fellowship, U.S. government programme (research on sexual minorities in international human rights law), Sept. 1991 – June 1992
  • Harvard Law School Andres Public Interest grant, Harvard University (research on minority rights), June – Aug 1990
  • Harvard Law School C. Clyde Ferguson Human Rights Fellowship (funding internship at the International Commission of Jurists, Geneva), June – September 1989
  • Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (German Academic Exchange Service), full-year study at the Freie Universität Berlin, Sept. 1986 – July 87 (research on legal philosophy).



  • Hate Speech and Democratic Citizenship (Oxford University Press 2016)
    • Proposes democratic foundations for law as distinct from liberal foundations, through the example of free speech
    • Early reviews:
      - András Koltay, Journal of Media Law (online 22 August 2016)
      - Lesley Abdela, Democracies, free speech and the right to offend, OpenDemocracy, 22 May 2016
  • The Concept of Injustice (Routledge 2013)
    • Presents critique of ‘programmatic’ tradition within classical and contemporary justice theory in order to challenge ongoing assumptions applied within positive legal systems
    • Reviews:
      - Adrian Howe, Legal Studies, Vol. 34 No. 4 (2014), pp. 736–748
      - Matthew J. Ball, Griffith Law Review, Vol. 22, No. 2 (2013), pp. 546-547
  • The Logic of Constitutional Rights (Ashgate 2005 [now Routledge])
    • Argues that the necessary conceptual indeterminacy within the jurisprudence of constitutional rights can emerge only within wholly determinate conceptual assumptions
    • Review: Georg Vanberg, Law Courts, vol. 16(1) (2006), pp. 1-3
    • Chinese translation as part of the series ‘Western Classics of Legal Logic’, University of China Political Science & Law Press, forthcoming
  • The Logic of Equality (Ashgate 2003 [now Routledge])
    • Argues that the necessary conceptual indeterminacy within norms of equality can emerge only within wholly determinate conceptual assumptions
    • Reviews:
      - Amelia Simpson, Federal Law Review, vol. 33 (2005), pp. 177-79
      - Douglas Grob, Law Courts, vol. 15(10) (2005), pp. 911-16
    • New Introductory essay entitled ‘Equality and Dialectic in Law’ to appear in the Chinese translation as part of the series ‘Western Classics of Legal Logic’, University of China Political Science & Law Press, forthcoming, translated by Xu Mengxing
  • The Logic of Liberal Rights (Routledge 2003)
    • Argues that the necessary conceptual indeterminacy within higher-order rights jurisprudence can emerge only within wholly determinate conceptual assumptions
    • Chinese translation as part of the series ‘Western Classics of Legal Logic’, University of China Political Science & Law Press, forthcoming
  • Sexual Orientation: A Human Right (Martinus Nijhoff 1995)
    • Proposes jurisprudential principles for identifying higher-order rights of sexual minorities as being necessarily inherent within, and not merely additive to, rights within the existing corpus
    • Reviews:
      - Nicholas Bamforth, European Public Law, vol. 2(3) (1996), pp. 482-84
      - Wayne Morgan, Melbourne University Law Review, vol. 20 (1995), pp. 621-28]
    • Russian translation (Nikita Ivanova), Idea Press Moscow 2004
    • Bulgarian translation (Radoslav Stayanov), Sophia, Trud/Infonet, 2002.

Edited collections

  • Of Innocence and Autonomy: Children, Sex and Human Rights (Ashgate 2000 [now Routledge])
    • Conference papers and grant-supervised research, organised pursuant to Nuffield Foundation funding, examining legal regulation of children's sexual conduct
    • Review: Jean Scandlyn, Human Rights and Human Welfare, vol. 6 (2006), pp. 75-87
  • Landmark Cases in International Law (Kluwer 1998)
    • Co-edited with Prof. M Fitzmaurice
    • Collection aimed at promoting study of ICJ cases presented in extenso

Writings on democratic legitimacy in law

  • ’Taking legitimacy seriously: A return to deontology’ (invited article responding to debate between Jeremy Waldron and James Weinstein, forthcoming in Constitutional Commentary, 2017) (challenging Waldron’s view of democratic legitimacy)
  • ‘Towards a general theory of law and historical discourse’, invited, full-length Foreword to Law and Memory: Addressing Historical Injustice by Law (U. Belavusau & A. Gliszczyńska-Grabias, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2017) (proposing topologies to classify states’ uses of legal means to promote specific public understandings of historical events, identifying those processes as exemplary of the character of general public discourse and of democratic legitimacy)
  • ‘Democracy, Ontology, and the Limits of Deconstruction’, in Hate, Politics and Law (T. Brudholm & B. Johanssen, eds., Oxford University Press, 2017) (examining the extent and limits of ‘anti-Cartesian’ critiques of liberal legal theories)
  • ’The Constitution of the Constitution: Jacques Rancière and the Foundations of Democracy’, in Rancière and the Possibility of Law (J. Extabe & M. Lopez, eds., Routledge, 2017) (critiquing Rancière to argue that democratic public discourse remains distinctly constitutive of legal legitimacy)
  • ‘Hate speech and the normative foundations of regulation’, review essay: Jeremy Waldron, The Harm in Hate Speech (Harvard University Press, 2012) and M Herz & P Molnar, eds., The Content and Context of Hate Speech (Cambridge University Press, 2012), in 9(4) International Journal of Law in Context (2013), pp 590-617 (drawing upon democratic principles to challenge more conventional, liberal models of legal legitiamacy through the example of free expression)
  • ‘Wild-West Cowboys versus Cheese-Eating Surrender Monkeys: Some Problems in Comparative Approaches to Extreme Speech, in Extreme Speech and Democracy chapter 10, James Weinstein and Ivan Hare, eds., Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 182 – 203 (warning against unjustifiable comparisons across legal systems)
  • ‘Towards the Abolition of Hate Speech Bans’, in Religious Pluralism and Human Rights,  Titia Loenen & Jenny Goldschmidt, eds., Intersentia (2007), pp. 295 – 309 (arguing that no ban on anti-religious hate speech can be democratically justified)
  • ‘Viewpoint Absolutism and Hate Speech’, 69 Modern Law Review (2006), pp. 543 – 82 (proposing general theory of non-viewpoint-selective expression within public discourse as a necessary condition for democratic legitimacy).

Writings on classical justice theory

  • ‘What is the Opposite of Injustice?’, 30:2 Ratio Juris (2017) (examining the extent and limits of the logical mutual exclusion between the concepts of ‘justice’ and ‘injustice’)
  • Where be his quiddities now?: Law and Language in Hamlet’, in Law and Language: Current Legal Issues, vol. 15, Michael Freeman & Fiona Smith, eds., Oxford University Press (2013), pp 201-20 (examining the distinctively linguistic element of law as an instrument of government power and social control)
  • ‘The Meta-ethics of Law: Book One of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics’, 6(1) International Journal of Law in Context (2009), pp. 23 – 44 (adopting a Fullerian model to examine Aristotle’s assumptions about the ethical content of law)
  • ‘Epinomia: Plato and the First Theory of Law’, 20 Ratio Juris (2007), pp. 97 – 135 (examining the legal implications of Plato’s critique of democratic society)
  • Were it not against our laws: Oppression and Resistance in Shakespeare’s Comedy of Errors’, 29 Legal Studies (2009), pp. 230 – 63 (drawing upon Aristotle and Hegel to examine socio-legal relationships in early modernity)
  • ‘The Status of Classical Natural Law: Plato and the Parochialism of Modern Theory’, 20 Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence (2007), pp. 323 – 50 (examining the importance of Greek, as opposed to the more usual post-Roman or Biblical foundations for justice theory)
    • Reprinted in Natural Law: A Jurisprudential Debate, P. Sabiha Khanum, ed., Hyderabad, IN: Icfai University Press, 2008, ch. 3.

Writings on global justice theory

  • ‘Legal Hybridity in Literature’, in Hybridity: Exploring Power, Social Structures, and Institutions beyond the Liberal West, eds. R Freedman & N Lemay-Hébert (Routledge, 2016) (examining notions of legal cross-fertilisation within colonial contexts)
  • Review essay: Leone Niglia, The Struggle for European Private Law: A Critique of Codification, 10(1) Journal of Comparative Law (2016) (co-authored with PhD student Andreas Marcou), pp. 163-68 (examining concerns about codification within globalising institutions as a vehicle for overriding local autonomy)
  • He’d turn the world itself into a prison: Empire and Enlightenment in Jean Racine’s Alexander the Great’, 4(1) Law & Humanities (2010), pp. 63 – 89 (examining conflicting models of law within early modern understandings of empire)
  • ‘Imperialism and Nationalism in Early Modernity: The “Cosmopolitan” and The “Provincial” in Shakespeare’s Cymbeline’, 18(3) Journal of Social & Legal Studies (2009), pp. 373-96 (examining conflicting models of law within early modern understandings of empire)
  • Review essay: I. Schulte-Tenckhoff, La Question des peuples autochtones, in 46 Netherlands Journal of International Law, 269 – 76 (1999) (criticising author’s uncritical acceptance of international norms and concepts).

Writings on sovereign legitimacy

  • ‘Foundations of Sovereign Authority: The Example of Shakespearean Political Drama’, in Shakespeare: Authority and Authorities (K Halsey & A Vine, eds) (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017) (examining early modern conceptions of sovereign legitimacy contrary to the straightforwardly ‘system building’ models of such writers as Bodin, Hobbes, and Locke)
  • ‘The Propaganda of Legal Foundations in Early Modern Drama’, in Injustice Memory and Faith in Human Rights (K Chainoglou & B Collins, eds) (Routledge, 2017) (examining public consciousness as an element of authority and governance)
  • ‘The Literary Model in Comparative Law: Shakespeare, Corneille, Racine’, 9(2) Journal of Comparative Law (2014), pp. 17-27 (examining the comparison of early modern literary works as a means of identifying core concerns of comparative legal theory)
  • This power isn’t power if it’s shared: Law and Violence in Jean Racine’s La Thébaïde’, 22(1) Law & Literature (2010), pp. 76 – 109 (examining problems of sovereign legitimacy arising within the early modern state)
  • ‘Power Politics and the Rule of Law: Shakespeare’s First Historical Tetralogy and Law’s “Foundations”‘, 29 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (2009), pp. 230 – 63 (examining problems of establishing the authority of the Early modern nation state)
  • ‘Heir, Celebrity, Martyr, Monster: Legal and Political Legitimacy in Shakespeare and Beyond’, 20(1) Law & Critique (2009), pp. 79 – 103 (examining conflicting models of sovereign authority).

Critical approaches to human rights

  • ‘The Reality and Hyper-reality of Human Rights: Public Consciousness and the Mass Media’, in Examining Critical Perspectives on Human Rights: The End of an Era?, R. Dickenson et al., eds., Cambridge University Press (2012), pp 193-216 (arguing that not only bias and distortions, but even the media at their best inevitably create serious problems surrounding public understandings of human rights)
  • ‘Victimless Crimes’, 4 Encyclopaedia of Applied Ethics, 2nd ed., Ruth Chadwick, et al. eds. (2012) , pp. 471 – 82 (revising ‘Victimless Crimes’, 4 Encyclopaedia of Applied Ethics, Dan Callahan, et al. eds. 1997, pp. 463 – 75) (critiquing the concept of ‘harm’ in law with reference to Mill’s harm principle)
  • ‘Public Awareness of Human Rights’, 14 International Journal of Human Rights 2010, pp. 491 – 523 (co-authored with PhD student R Freedman) (critically examining patterns of reporting of human rights)
  • Even-handedness and the Politics of Human Rights’, 21 Harvard Human Rights Journal (2008), pp. 7 – 46 (proposing general theory as to what does and does not count as legitimately ‘politicising’ human rights)
  • ‘Truth and Myth in Critical Race Theory and LatCrit: Human Rights and the Ethnocentrism of Anti-Ethnocentrism’, 20 National Black Law Journal (Columbia University edition) (2008), pp. 107 – 62 (challenging misuse of realist jurisprudence)
    • Reprinted in Rights in Context Law and Justice in Late Modern Society ch. 6 (R Banakar, ed., Autumn 2010).
  • ‘The Logic of Standards of Review in Constitutional Cases’, 28 Vermont Law Review (2003), pp. 121 – 47 (arguing that the necessary conceptual indeterminacy within concepts justifying judicial review can emerge only within wholly determinate conceptual assumptions)
  • ‘The Construction and Contingency of the Minority Concept,’ in Minority and Group Rights Toward the New Millennium, Bill Bowring & Deirdre Fottrell, eds., Kluwer (1999), pp. 25 – 74 (examining conceptual limitations of the minority concept within human rights law)
  • ‘Beyond Parapraxes: Right and Wrong Approaches to the Universality of Human Rights Law,’ 12 Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights (1994), pp. 369 – 91 (examining a purely formal concept of the universality of human rights)
  • ‘Equality: Between Hegemony and Subsidiarity,’ 52 Review of the International Commission of Jurists (1994), pp. 56-65 (examing the extent and limits of the equality concept within human rights)
  • ‘Principles for a Meta-Discourse of Liberal Rights: The Example of the European Convention on Human Rights,’ 9 Indiana International & Comparative Law Review (1999), pp. 319 – 94 (arguing that the necessary conceptual indeterminacy within the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights can emerge only within wholly determinate conceptual assumptions).

Critical approaches to law, sexuality, and gender

  • ‘Cumulative Jurisprudence and Hate Speech: Sexual Orientation and Analogies to Disability, Age and Obesity’, 12 International Journal of Human Rights (2009), pp. 193 – 209 (arguing, from the perspective of a scholar favourable to rights of individual sexuality, against the inclusion of sexual minorities within the purview of hate speech bans)
    • Reprinted in Extreme Speech and Democracy chapter 14, James Weinstein and Ivan Hare, eds., Oxford University Press, pp. 264 – 84 (2009)
    • Reprinted in Protection of Sexual Minorities since Stonewall—Progress and Stalemate in Developed and Developing Countries, Phil C. W. Chan, London: Routledge, (2010), pp. 62 – 78.
  • ‘Sexual Orientation and International Law: A Study in the Manufacture of Cross-Cultural “Sensitivity”‘, 22 Michigan Journal of International Law (2001), pp. 283 – 309 (arguing, contrary to global trends seeming to favour gay rights, that such developments have induced hostile states to crack down far more brutally)
    • Reprinted in Discrimination and Toleration, Kirstin Hastrup, ed. (Nijhoff, 2002), pp. 205 – 27.
  • ‘The Universal Child?’ in Of Innocence and Autonomy: Children, Sex and Human Rights, Eric Heinze, ed., Ashgate (2000), pp. 3-24 (examining the extent and limits of children’s autonomy over their sexual activity)
  • ‘Discourses of Sexuality: Classical, Modernist and Post-Modernist’, 67 Nordic Journal of International Law (1998), pp. 37 – 76 (contrasting classical liberal, modernist social-scientific, and post-structuralist theories of the legal regulation of sexual conduct)
  • ‘Gay and Poor’, 38 Howard Law Review (1994), pp. 433 – 48 (arguing that sexual minorities living at sub-standard income levels require legal services distinct from those designed either particularly for sexual minorities or particularly for poor people).

Brief review essays

  • Review of Alan Norrie, Dialectic and Difference, in 19:4 Journal of Social & Legal Studies (2010), pp. 525-29 (critically examining the author’s concept of critical realism)
  • Review of Murray Dry, Civil Peace and the Quest for Truth, in 69:2 American Journal of Legal History (2009), pp. 231-33 (critically examining the author’s analysis of the First Amendment to the US Constitution)
  • Review of Randall Baldwin Clark, The Law Most Beautiful and Best, in 69:3 American Journal of Legal History (2009), pp. 348 – 51 (critically examining the author’s analysis of Plato’s justice theory)
  • Review of Elias Kastanas, Unité et diversité: Notions autonomes et marge d’appréciation des États dans la jurisprudence de la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme, 63:1 Modern Law Review, pp. 155-58 (critically examining the author’s proposed synthesis of the ‘margin of appreciation’ doctrine as applied by the European Court of Human Rights).


Professor Heinze welcomes proposals for postgraduate supervision in the fields of jurisprudence, legal theory, legal philosophy, law and humanities, and human rights.

Doctoral Supervision

  • Jill Marshall (jointly supervised with Professor K O’Donovan), Sept 2001-June 2004.
    • Title: Humanity, Freedom and Feminism
    • Examiners: Nicola Lacey (LSE), Richard Collier (Newcastle)
    • Successfully published: Ashgate 2005
  • Lara Kretzer (jointly supervised with Professor K O’Donovan), Sept 2005-June 2008
    • Examiners: Marinos Diamantides (Birkbeck), Andrew Edgar (Cardiff)
    • Title: Health, Solidarity and Justice: A Discourse-Theoretical Perspective
  • Rosa Freedman (first supervisor), September 2008-June 2011.
    • Title: The United Nations Human Rights Council: An Early Assessment
    • Examiners: Philippe Sands (UCL), Walter Kälin (Bern)
    • Successfully published: Routledge 2013
  • Tom Hannant (first supervisor), September 2013-July 2016
    • Title: A Republican Theory of Human Rights
    • Examiners: Richard Bellamy (UCL/EUI), Graham Gee (Birmingham)
    • Immediate pass (only minor revisions), pending submission for publication
  • Sam Fowles (first supervisor), September 2014-present
    • Title: The Place of The Rights of Peoples
    • Examiners: Matthew Craven (SOAS), Rosa Freedman (Reading)
    • projected completion: 2017
  • Andreas Marcou, (first supervisor), September 2014-present
    • Title: A Republican Theory of Civil Disobedience
    • projected completion: 2018
  • Fiona Tate, part-time candidate (first supervisor), September 2013-present.
    • Title: The Status of Rape in International Law
    • projected completion: 2019

Doctoral Examination

  • Nathalie Alkiviadou, Challenging Right-Wing Extremism in England and Wales and Greece: Tools Available in International, European and National Law, February 2017, University of Amsterdam (passed)
  • Malcolm David Sinclair, The Identification of Fundamental Law and Its Basic Principles, Manchester Metropolitan University, July 2016 (passed)
  • Kevin Dalton Barker, Law and Caribbean Critical Thought: Defining a Caribbean Jurisprudence passed, March 2010 (passed).

Other Supervision

  • Dr Nanor Kebranian, Post-Graduate Research Assistant (see above under ‘Grants and Fellowships‘)
    • Conducting research on the Armenian genocide and on late Ottoman law and society
    • Assuming several project management functions

Masters-level supervision: continuous since 1995 (list available upon request).

Public Engagement

Mass media

Democracy and free speech

Classical justice

Global justice and historical memory

National sovereignty

Human rights

Sexuality and gender

Professional Consultation

  • Sky News, April 2016
    • Advised on forthcoming documentary about hate speech in Britain
  • ‘Get the Trolls Out!’, Media Diversity Institute, 1 Aug 2015 – 31 July 2016
    • Advised on pro-active responses to antisemitism in social media, with a focus on young people
    • One-year funded project by US State Department (copy of the final project report available upon request)
  • Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
    • Scholarly peer review on funding applications
    • Proposed project title: ‘Collisions of Identities in Public & Private Legal Settings: Sexual Orientation Equality versus Freedom of Religion’, report submitted: 12 Dec 2014
    • Proposed project title: ‘Hate Speech and Freedom of Religion’, report submitted: 9 Jan 2011
    • Proposed project title: ‘Religious Hate Speech in International and Domestic Law’, 12 March 2010
  • Amnesty International, June 1998
    • Advised on sexual minorities in sub-Saharan Africa
  • Liberty, Spring 1996
    • Advised on Laskey, Jaggard and Brown v. United Kingdom

Conference presentations by special invitation

Democratic theory and free speech

  • ‘The Foundations and Limits of Democratic Public Discourse’, Free Speech Discussion Forum, Pázmány University Faculty of Law (Hungary), 7 – 8 June 2017
  • Discussant, Symposium on Hate Speech and Democratic Citizenship, 1-2 June 2017, Society for Applied Philosophy, Queen Mary, University of London
  • ‘The discursive foundations of human rights: Denialism and democracy,’ 8 March 2017, Juris North 2016-17 Working Paper Series, Durham University Law School
  • ‘What is global citizenship?’, Strategies for Combating Intolerance on Social Media, 2 – 3 March 2017, Citizens’ Rights and Immigration Services, Barcelona City Council, Spain
  • ‘Public discourse as the foundation of democratic citizenship’, Political Theory Research Seminars, 2 February 2017, Cardiff University Political Theory Research Unit
  • ‘Revisiting the legitimacy of human rights: discursive instead of ontological foundations’, 7 December 2016, School of Law, Royal Holloway, University of London
  • Plenary Speaker: ‘Preserving democratic citizenship online’, International Congress on Crime and Cyberspace: Challenges for the 21th Century—Radicalism and hate on the Internet, Centro Crímina para el Estudio y Prevención de la Delincuencia (CRIMINA), 1 – 2 December 2016, Universidad Miguel Hernández Avda, Hélike Elche, Alicante, Spain
  • ‘Campus hate preachers: Government policy is getting it precisely wrong’, Countering Violent Extremism, Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation, Goodenough College, London, 2 March 2016
  • ‘How shall we divide up the freedom pie?’, Experiencing the Law: Asylum Seekers, Refugees and Human Rights, Institute of Contemporary British History, Kings College London, 10 December 2015
  • ‘Free Speech and Democratic Values’, Society for Applied Philosophy workshop on Hate Speech Law and Political Philosophy, London, Senate House, 12 November 2015
  • 2015-16 Inaugural Oxford University Max Watson Memorial Lecture, ‘Hate Speech and Democratic Citizenship’, Oxford University Foundation for Law, Justice and Society (FLJS), 29 October 2015
  • (Delivered in French) « Et pourtant, Jean-Jacques aimait bien parler... quel rapport entre la démocratie et la liberté d’expression ? »  (‘And yet Rousseau liked to talk… what links democracy to free expression ?’), Liberté d’expression et « discours de haine » , Université de Lyon 3 – Jean Moulin, 27 March 2015
  • Panel Debate on Free Speech, North London Literary Festival, 24 March 2015 (with British journalists Yasmin Alibhai-Brown, Kurt Barling, and Christina Patterson)
  • Keynote Speaker, ‘Debating Hate Speech’, War of Words: International Conference on Media, Armed Conflict, and Hate Speech, International Federation of Journalists, Residence Palace, Brussels, 25 April 2014
  • Online Hate Speech, Conference of the European Law Students Association, Oslo, Norway, 3-8 December 2013
  • ‘Democracy and Hate Speech’, staff seminar at the School of Law, University of Surrey, Wednesday 13 November 2013
  • ‘Hate Speech and the Role of the Media’, Media-4-Change Conference, Cagliari, Sardinia from 24-26 October 2013
  • Conference on ‘Hate Crime: The Case for Extending the Existing Offences’, UK Law Commission conference, 17 September 2013
  • ‘The Future of Hate Speech Bans’, Staff Seminar, Institute for Cross-Cultural and Regional Studies, University of Copenhagen, 31 June 2013
  • ‘Arguing about Hate Speech Bans’, Civil Society Colloquium, Norway-Civitas, New College, Oxford, 16 September 2012
  • ‘Why We Should Oppose Hate Speech Bans’, International Political Science Association World Congress, Madrid, Spain, 8 – 12 July 2012
  • ‘Hate Speech Bans: For and Against’ (debate with Henning Koch), University of Copenhagen Department of Cross-Cultural and Regional Studies, 6 April 2011
  • Invited comment on Yale Law Professor R. Post’s presentation about hate speech, in a conference entitled Extreme Speech and Democracy: A Comparative View, April 23, 2007, Cambridge University
  • Comment on presentation by Professor C. Brants on ‘Glorification of Terrorism’, Religious Pluralism and human rights in Europe: where to draw the line? May 9-10, 2006, Utrecht University
  • ‘A Coherence Theory of Hate Speech Bans’, Hate Speech: Conference and Consultation, Central European University, Budapest, March 30 – April 1, 2006
  • ‘Hate Speech in l’état social’, Mainstreaming Diversity, Luxemburg Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Mondorf-les-Bains, Luxemburg, 27-28 June 2005.

Classical justice theory

  • General series discussant for Kingston Shakespeare Seminar (KiSS), and featured speaker: ‘Equivocation will undo us: Linguistic transformation as legal strategy in Shakespearean political drama’, 27 February 2014
  • ‘Law and Literature: a Dilettante’s Dream?’, discussant for Prof William Twining, Wolfson College, Oxford, 26 November 2013
  • ‘Hamlet and the thresholds of “sense”‘, Law and the Senses, University of Westminster, 18 April 2013
  • ‘The hermeneutics of the bargain in Shakespeare’s Timon of Athens’, Money Matters – Transactions between Money and Literature, QMUL, London, 2 May 2013
  • ‘The Problem of Ahistoricism in Legal Theory’, IVR-UK, Queen Mary, London, 12 April 2013
  • Where be his quiddities now?’: Law and Language in Hamlet’, Current Legal Issues Colloquium 2011: Law and Language, UCL, 4 – 5 July 2011
  • ‘The Concept of Injustice’, Leicester University, Department of Law, 23 March 2011
  • ‘What is Injustice?’ Warwick University, Department of Law, 24 November 2010.

Global justice and historical memory

  • Keynote Address, ‘History and the Problem of Human Rights Denialism’, Law and Memory: Addressing Historical Injustice by Law, 2 – 3 July 2016, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
  • ‘Legal and Cultural Hybridity in Shakespeare’, Hybridity: Power, Social Structures and Institutions beyond the Liberal West, Institute of Advanced Studies, The University of Birmingham, 13 March 2014
  • ‘The Empirically Imperial in Shakespeare’s Cymbeline’, Face to Face – Encounters between the Arts and Sciences: Interdisciplinary Colloquium, Queen Mary University of London, 22 June 2012
  • ‘Tolerance as Discrimination’, ‘Discrimination and Tolerance,’ Danish Centre for Human Rights, Copenhagen, 7-9 May 2000.
  • ‘The Concepts of Race and Ethnicity in International Human Rights Law’, Lecture Series, ‘Human Rights – 50 Years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,’ Institute of Commonwealth Studies, London, February 2, 1999.

National sovereignty

  • Plenary Speaker: ‘Recorded as a Precedent: Revisiting Law and Sovereignty in The Merchant of Venice, Kingston Shakespeare Seminar in Theory (KiSSiT), 19 December 2015
  • ‘On the General Theory of Comparative Law: Some Analogies to Literature’, Inter-Disciplinary Approaches to Comparative Law, University of Notre Dame in London, 25 July 2013
  • ‘State, Empire, and Historical Memory in Early Modernity’, Law, Faith and Historical Memory, University of East London, 12 June 2013
  • Droit et limites dans l’Andromaque de Jean Racine’, Droit et Frontières, Sciences-Po, Paris, 23 May 2013
  • The Critique of Law in Shakespeare’s Henry VI, Part II and Hamlet, Staff Seminar, Liverpool John Moores University, 4 December 2013.

Critical approaches to human rights

  • Discussant for Israeli Ambassador to the United Kingdom H. E. Mark Regev, 6 February 2017, Queen Mary I am the president of the Jewish Society, London
  • ‘Is the UN even designed to be fair?’, panellist address at ‘Is the UN fair in its treatment of Israel-Palestine?’, 22 November 2016, University College London
  • ‘Seeing and Time: Mass Media and the “Temporality” of Human Rights’, Awareness’, Human Rights in the UK Media: Representation and Reality, School of Law and Social Justice, University of Liverpool, 19 September 2014
  • ‘The challenges of human rights in an era of globalisation’, The challenge of upholding universal Human Rights: Can universal Human Rights survive in today’s globalised world?, Oxford University Weidenfeld Scholarships and Leadership Programme alumni conference, Ascot, 24 October 2010
  • Keynote Speaker, ‘Human Rights and the Mass Media’, Law and Politics: Democracy, Human Rights and Power, University of Westminster, 10 June 2010
  • ‘The Politics of Rights’, special lecture within the ongoing seminar series Retreat from Human Rights, 27 November 2009, Newcastle Law School
  • ‘Legal Meta-Discourse and Comparative Discrimination Law,’ International Conference on Comparative Non-Discrimination Law, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands, 22-24 June 1998
  • ‘The Construction and Contingency of the Minority Concept,’ Conference on ‘Minority and Group Rights Toward the New Millenium’, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London, 3 May 1996.

Critical approaches to law, sexuality, and gender

  • ‘Sex, Islam and Empire’, Law, Religion & LGBT Rights, Brunel University Law Department, 5 July 2013
  • ‘Majorities, Beliefs, and Sex’, Multiculturalism - Dilemmas, Paradoxes, Traps, 15 Oct 2009, Anti-discrimination Training Academy, Villa Decius, Krakow, Poland.
  • ‘Human Rights, Gender and the Media’, Gender Futures: Law, Critique and the Struggle for Something More, 3 – 4 April 2009, Expert Committee Member, Media 4 Diversity - Seminar on Media and Diversity, Prague, 5 – 7 February 2009
  • ‘Cumulative Jurisprudence and Hate Speech: Sexual Orientation and Analogies to Disability, Age and Obesity’, Sexuality, Hatred and Law, 6 May 2008, Durham University
  • ‘“Truth” and “Myth” in Critical Theory: Liberal Rights and the Ethnocentrism of Anti-Ethnocentrism’, Workshop on Rights Discourse, International Institute for the Sociology of Law, 15 – 16 May 2008, Oñati, Spain.
  • ‘Child Protection: An Absolute Value?’, Child Protection and the Internet, April 30, 2007, University of Toronto, Canada
  • ‘Sexual Orientation and the Manufacture of Cross-Cultural “Sensitivity”‘, Human Rights and Cultural Relativism, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Oxford University, Wolfson College, 1 December 2000
  • ‘If Two’s Company, is Three a Minority Group?’, ‘Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Partnerships: A Conference on National, European and International Law,’ Centre of European Law, School of Law, King’s College, University of London, 1-3 July 1999
  • ‘Discourses of Sexuality: Classical, Modernist and Post-Modernist,’ Conference on ‘Sexual Rights as Human Rights,’ Institute for Human Rights, Åbo Akademi University, Finland, 14-16 February 1997.

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