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Centre for Commercial Law Studies

Dr Rafael Leal-Arcas trained lawyers from the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Dr Rafael Leal-Arcas was invited by the Energy Charter Secretariat to train a delegation of lawyers from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The training took place at the Energy Charter Secretariat in Brussels on 8 May 2014.

The main topics covered were:

  • Overview of the Energy Charter Secretariat
  • Commercial energy activities under the Energy Charter Treaty (such as trade, transit, investments and energy efficiency)
  • The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) Principles
  • Perspectives within the MENA region – Modernization Process
  • ECT and protection of investments
  • ECT and dispute settlement – the legal advisory task force



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