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School of Economics and Finance

No. 942: The Dynamics of International Exploitation

Jonathan F. Cogliano , University of Massachusetts Boston.
Roberto Veneziani , Queen Mary University of London
Naoki Yoshihara , University of Massachusetts Amherst

September 15, 2022

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Abstract

Abstract: This paper develops a framework to analyse imperialistic international relations and the dynamics of international exploitation. A new measure of unequal exchange across borders is proposed which captures the territorial structure of imperialistic international relations: wealthy nations are net lenders and exploiters, whereas endowment-poor countries are net borrowers and exploited. Capital  flows transfer surplus from countries in the periphery of the global economy to those in the core. However, while international credit markets and wealth inequalities are central in generating international exploitation, other factors, including labour-saving technical change, are shown to be essential in explaining its persistence.

J.E.L classification codes: F54 (Colonialism, Imperialism, Postcolonialism); B51 (Socialist, Marxian, Sraf- an); D63 (Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement).

Keywords:International exploitation; Imperialism; Unequal exchange; Uneven development; Capital movements.

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