School of Economics and Finance

No. 537: Nonlinear Modelling of Autoregressive Structural Breaks in a US Diffusion Index Dataset

George Kapetanios , Queen Mary, University of London
Elias Tzavalis , Queen Mary, University of London

May 1, 2005

Download full paper


This paper applies a new model of structural breaks developed by Kapetanios and Tzavalis (2004) to investigate if there exist structural changes in the mean reversion parameter of US macroeconomic series. Ignoring such type of breaks may lead to spurious evidence of unit roots in the autoregressive parameters of economic series. Our model specifies that both the timing and size of breaks are stochastic. We apply the model to a variety of macroeconomic and finance series from the US

J.E.L classification codes: E32, C13, C22

Keywords:Structural breaks, State space model, Nonlinearity