December 1, 2002
This paper takes a new look at the long-run dynamics of inflation and unemployment in response to permanent changes in the growth rate of the money supply. We examine the Phillips curve from the perspective of what we call "frictional growth", i.e. the interaction between money growth and nominal frictions. After presenting theoretical models of this phenomenon, we construct an empirical model of the Spanish economy and, in this context, we evaluate the long-run inflation-unemployment tradeoff for Spain and examine how recent policy changes have affected it.
J.E.L classification codes: E2, E3, E4, E5, J3
Keywords:Inflation-unemployment tradeoff, Phillips curve, Staggered wage contracts, Nominal inertia, Forward-looking expectations, Monetary policy