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School of Physical and Chemical Sciences

Professor David Burgess

David

Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy

Email: d.burgess@qmul.ac.uk
Telephone: 020 7882 3461
Room Number: G. O. Jones Building, Room 519

Teaching

Teaching

Advisees: Please contact me by email to arrange meetings if you have any questions.

Research

Research Interests:

Research

  • Space and Astrophysical Plasma Physics
  • Shocks in collisionless plasmas
  • Turbulence and Particle Acceleration in collisionless plasmas
  • Large scale, highly parallel plasma simulation

I am interested in how we can use plasma physics to study natural plasmas, such as the solar wind which blows through the Heliosphere. The space environment motivates much of my work, because we can measure these plasmas in situ, with a spacraft acting like a probe into the plasma - getting ground truth that is practically impossible for other distant astrophysical objects. At the same time what we learn from solar system plasmas can be applied to remote astrophysical environments such as super nova remnant shocks and the interstellar medium. This area of research depends on data from international space missions supported by ESA and NASA, so I have collaborative links with groups across Europe and the USA.

I was Coordinator of the EU FP7 Project SHOCK: SOLAR AND HELIOSPHERIC COLLISIONLESS KINETICS - Link to project web site

Most of my work is theoretical and uses large-scale computer simulations, but I also work using analysis of space craft data. I am involved with several future space missions: I am a Science Co-Investigator on three instruments on the ESA Solar Orbiter mission (Link to ESA mission website), and Science Collaborator on the FIELDS experiment of Solar Probe Plus (Link to NASA mission website).

In recent years I have been Director of the Astronomy Unit (2009-2012), a member of the working group for Workshop on Opportunities in Plasma Astrophysics (Link to workshop website), and Co-convenor of ISSI workshop on Coronal Heating and Solar Wind Acceleration (Link to workshop website).

Publications

Publications

Here are my astrophysics papers on ADS (misses some non-astrophysics papers at the moment!): Link to ADS search

    • Franci L, Papini E, Micera A et al. (2022), Anisotropic Electron Heating in Turbulence-driven Magnetic Reconnection in the Near-Sun Solar Wind $nameOfConference


    • Franci L, Papini E, Del Sarto D et al. (2022), Plasma Turbulence in the Near-Sun and Near-Earth Solar Wind: A Comparison via Observation-Driven 2D Hybrid Simulations $nameOfConference


    • Trotta D, Pecora F, Settino A et al. (2022), On the Transmission of Turbulent Structures across the Earth's Bow Shock $nameOfConference


    • Gurchumelia A, Sorriso-Valvo L, Burgess D et al. (2022), Comparing Quasi-Parallel and Quasi-Perpendicular Configuration in the Terrestrial Magnetosheath: Multifractal Analysis $nameOfConference


    • Tinoco-Arenas A, Kajdič P, Preisser L et al. (2022), Parametric Study of Magnetosheath Jets in 2D Local Hybrid Simulations $nameOfConference


    • Giacalone J, Burgess D, Bale SD et al. (2021), Energetic Particles Associated with a Coronal Mass Ejection Shock Interacting with a Convected Magnetic Structure $nameOfConference


    • Kajdič P, Pfau-Kempf Y, Turc L et al. (2021), ULF Wave Transmission Across Collisionless Shocks: 2.5D Local Hybrid Simulations $nameOfConference


    • Madanian H, Schwartz SJ, Fuselier SA et al. (2021), Direct Evidence for Magnetic Reflection of Heavy Ions from High Mach Number Collisionless Shocks $nameOfConference


    • Verscharen D, Wicks RT, Alexandrova O et al. (2021), A Case for Electron-Astrophysics $nameOfConference


    • Trotta D, Valentini F, Burgess D et al. (2021), Phase space transport in the interaction between shocks and plasma turbulence. $nameOfConference


    • Franci L, Del Sarto D, Papini E et al. (2020), Evidence of a "current-mediated" turbulent regime in space and astrophysical plasmas $nameOfConference


    • Horbury TS, O'Brien H, Carrasco Blazquez I et al. (2020), The Solar Orbiter magnetometer $nameOfConference


    • Preisser L, Blanco-Cano X, Kajdič P et al. (2020), Magnetosheath Jets and Plasmoids: Characteristics and Formation Mechanisms from Hybrid Simulations $nameOfConference


    • Franci L, Stawarz JE, Papini E et al. (2020), Modeling MMS Observations at the Earth's Magnetopause with Hybrid Simulations of Alfvénic Turbulence $nameOfConference


    • Trotta D, Franci L, Burgess D et al. (2020), Fast Acceleration of Transrelativistic Electrons in Astrophysical Turbulence $nameOfConference


    • Preisser L, Blanco-Cano X, Trotta D et al. (2020), Influence of He++ and Shock Geometry on Interplanetary Shocks in the Solar Wind: 2D Hybrid Simulations $nameOfConference


    • Chen CHK, Bale SD, Bonnell JW et al. (2020), The Evolution and Role of Solar Wind Turbulence in the Inner Heliosphere $nameOfConference


    • Bale SD, Badman ST, Bonnell JW et al. (2019), Highly Structured Slow Solar Wind Emerging from an Equatorial Coronal Hole $nameOfConference


    • Blanco-Cano X, Burgess D, Sundberg T et al. (2019), Multispacecraft Study of the Interaction Between an Interplanetary Shock and a Solar Wind Flux Rope $nameOfConference


    • Franci L, Stawarz JE, Papini E et al. (2019), Modeling Kelvin-Helmholtz instability-driven turbulence with hybrid simulations of Alfvénic turbulence $nameOfConference


    • Trotta D, Burgess D, Prete G et al. (2019), Particle transport in hybrid PIC shock simulations: A comparison of diagnostics $nameOfConference


    • Pecora F, Pucci F, Lapenta G et al. (2019), Statistical Analysis of Ions in Two-Dimensional Plasma Turbulence $nameOfConference


    • Kajdič P, Preisser L, Blanco-Cano X et al. (2019), First Observations of Irregular Surface of Interplanetary Shocks at Ion Scales by Cluster $nameOfConference


    • Pecora F, Servidio S, Greco A et al. (2018), Ion diffusion and acceleration in plasma turbulence $nameOfConference


    • Trotta D, Burgess D (2019), Electron acceleration at quasi-perpendicular shocks in sub- and supercritical regimes: 2D and 3D simulations $nameOfConference


    • Stawarz JE, Eastwood JP, Genestreti KJ et al. (2018), Intense Electric Fields and Electron-Scale Substructure Within Magnetotail Flux Ropes as Revealed by the Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission $nameOfConference


    • Sulaiman AH, Masters A, Burgess D et al. (2017), Cassini observations of Saturn's high-Mach number bow shock $nameOfConference


    • Gingell I, Schwartz SJ, Burgess D et al. (2017), MMS Observations and Hybrid Simulations of Surface Ripples at a Marginally Quasi-Parallel Shock $nameOfConference


    • Masters A, Sulaiman AH, Stawarz et al. (2017), An in situ Comparison of Electron Acceleration at Collisionless Shocks under Differing Upstream Magnetic Field Orientations $nameOfConference


    • Camporeale E, Burgess D (2017), Comparison of linear modes in kinetic plasma models $nameOfConference


    • Sundberg T, Burgess D, Scholer M et al. (2017), The Dynamics of Very High Alfvén Mach Number Shocks in Space Plasmas $nameOfConference


    • Gingell I, Sorriso-Valvo L, Burgess D et al. (2017), Three-dimensional simulations of sheared current sheets: transition to turbulence? $nameOfConference


    • Vaivads A, Retino A, Soucek J et al. (2016), Turbulence Heating Observer - Satellite Mission Proposal $nameOfConference


    • Servidio S, Haynes CT, Matthaeus WH et al. (2016), Explosive Particle Dispersion in Plasma Turbulence. $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D, Hellinger P, Gingell I et al. (2016), Microstructure in two- and three-dimensional hybrid simulations of perpendicular collisionless shocks $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D, Gingell PW, Matteini L (2016), MULTIPLE CURRENT SHEET SYSTEMS IN THE OUTER HELIOSPHERE: ENERGY RELEASE AND TURBULENCE $nameOfConference


    • Bale SD, Goetz K, Harvey PR et al. (2016), The FIELDS Instrument Suite for Solar Probe Plus: Measuring the Coronal Plasma and Magnetic Field, Plasma Waves and Turbulence, and Radio Signatures of Solar Transients $nameOfConference


    • Sundberg T, Haynes CT, Burgess D et al. (2016), ION ACCELERATION AT THE QUASI-PARALLEL BOW SHOCK: DECODING THE SIGNATURE OF INJECTION $nameOfConference


    • Clemens A, Burgess D (2016), Pickup ion processes associated with spacecraft thrusters: Implications for solar probe plus $nameOfConference


    • Chen CHK, Matteini L, Burgess D et al. (2016), Magnetic field rotations in the solar wind at kinetic scales (vol 453, L64, 2015) $nameOfConference

    • Sundberg T, Boardsen SA, Burgess D et al. (2015), Coherent wave activity in Mercury's magnetosheath $nameOfConference


    • Sulaiman AH, Masters A, Dougherty MK et al. (2015), Quasiperpendicular High Mach Number Shocks $nameOfConference


    • Chen CHK, Matteini L, Burgess D et al. (2015), Magnetic Field Rotations in the Solar Wind at Kinetic Scales $nameOfConference


    • Chen CHK, Matteini L, Burgess D et al. (2015), Erratum: Magnetic field rotations in the solar wind at kinetic scales (Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slv107) $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D, Scholer M (2015), Collisionless Shocks in Space Plasmas $nameOfConference

    • Gingell PW, Sundberg T, Burgess D (2015), The impact of a hot sodium ion population on the growth of the Kelvin‐Helmholtz instability in Mercury's magnetotail $nameOfConference


    • Sundberg T, Burgess D, Haynes CT (2015), Properties and origin of subproton‐scale magnetic holes in the terrestrial plasma sheet $nameOfConference


    • Gingell PW, Burgess D, Matteini L (2015), THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL EVOLUTION OF ION-SCALE CURRENT SHEETS: TEARING AND DRIFT-KINK INSTABILITIES IN THE PRESENCE OF PROTON TEMPERATURE ANISOTROPY $nameOfConference


    • Haynes CT, Burgess D, Camporeale E et al. (2015), Electron vortex magnetic holes: A nonlinear coherent plasma structure $nameOfConference


    • Selzer LA, Hnat B, Osman KT et al. (2014), TEMPERATURE ANISOTROPY IN THE PRESENCE OF ULTRA LOW FREQUENCY WAVES IN THE TERRESTRIAL FORESHOCK $nameOfConference


    • Lebedev SV, Suttle L, Swadling GF et al. (2014), The formation of reverse shocks in magnetized high energy density supersonic plasma flows $nameOfConference


    • Haynes CT, Burgess D, Camporeale E (2014), RECONNECTION AND ELECTRON TEMPERATURE ANISOTROPY IN SUB-PROTON SCALE PLASMA TURBULENCE $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D, Scholer M (2013), Microphysics of Quasi-parallel Shocks in Collisionless Plasmas $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D, Scholer M (2013), Microphysics of Quasi-parallel Shocks in Collisionless Plasmas $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D, Moebius E, Scholer M (2012), Ion Acceleration at the Earth's Bow Shock $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D, Drake J, Marsch E et al. (2012), Multi-Scale Physics in Coronal Heating and Solar Wind Acceleration Foreword $nameOfConference


    • Camporeale E, Burgess D (2011), THE DISSIPATION OF SOLAR WIND TURBULENT FLUCTUATIONS AT ELECTRON SCALES (vol 730, pg 114, 2011) $nameOfConference


    • Camporeale E, Burgess D (2011), THE DISSIPATION OF SOLAR WIND TURBULENT FLUCTUATIONS AT ELECTRON SCALES $nameOfConference


    • Giacalone J, Burgess D (2010), Interaction between inclined current sheets and the heliospheric termination shock $nameOfConference


    • Camporeale E, Passot T, Burgess D (2010), IMPLICATIONS OF A NON-MODAL LINEAR THEORY FOR THE MARGINAL STABILITY STATE AND THE DISSIPATION OF FLUCTUATIONS IN THE SOLAR WIND $nameOfConference


    • Camporeale E, Burgess D (2010), ELECTRON TEMPERATURE ANISOTROPY IN AN EXPANDING PLASMA: PARTICLE-IN-CELL SIMULATIONS $nameOfConference


    • Camporeale E, Burgess D, Passot T (2009), Transient growth in stable collisionless plasma $nameOfConference


    • Markidis S, Camporeale E, Burgess D et al. (2009), Parsek2D: An Implicit Parallel Particle-in-Cell Code $nameOfConference

    • Desai MI, Burgess D (2008), Particle acceleration at coronal mass ejection-driven interplanetary shocks and the Earth's bow shock $nameOfConference


    • Camporeale E, Burgess D (2008), Electron firehose instability: Kinetic linear theory and two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations $nameOfConference


    • Scholer M, Burgess D (2007), Whistler waves, core ion heating, and nonstationarity in oblique collisionless shocks $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D (2007), Particle acceleration at the Earth's bow shock $nameOfConference


    • Matsukiyo S, Scholer M, Burgess D (2007), Pickup protons at quasi-perpendicular shocks: full particle electrodynamic simulations $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D, Scholer M (2007), Shock front instability associated with reflected ions at the perpendicular shock $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D (2006), Simulations of electron acceleration at collisionless shocks: The effects of surface fluctuations $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D (2006), Simulations of Electron Acceleration at Collisionless Shocks: The Effects of Surface Fluctuations $nameOfConference

    • Burgess D (2006), Interpreting multipoint observations of substructure at the quasi-perpendicular bow shock: Simulations $nameOfConference


    • Moullard O, Burgess D, Horbury TS et al. (2006), Ripples observed on the surface of the Earth's quasi-perpendicular bow shock $nameOfConference


    • Scholer M, Burgess D (2006), Transition scale at quasiperpendicular collisionless shocks: Full particle electromagnetic simulations $nameOfConference


    • BURGESS DH, Scholer M (2006), On modification of quasiperpendicular shocks by pickup ions $nameOfConference

    • Balogh A, Schwartz SJ, Bale SD et al. (2005), Cluster at the bow shock: Introduction $nameOfConference


    • Scholer M, Thomsen MF, Burgess D et al. (2005), Cluster at the bow shock: Status and outlook $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D, Lucek EA, Scholer M et al. (2005), Quasi-parallel shock structure and processes $nameOfConference


    • Bale SD, Balikhin MA, Horbury TS et al. (2005), Quasi-perpendicular shock structure and processes $nameOfConference


    • Burgess D (2005), Electron acceleration and structure in the quasi-perpendicular collisionless shock $nameOfConference


    • Lowe RE, Burgess D (2003), The properties and causes of rippling in quasi-perpendicular collisionless shock front $nameOfConference


    • Horbury TS, Burgess D, Franz M et al. (2001), Prediction of Earth arrival times of interplanetary southward magnetic field turnings $nameOfConference


    • Moullard O, Burgess D, Salem C et al. (2001), Whistler waves, Langmuir waves and single loss cone electron distributions inside a magnetic cloud: Observations $nameOfConference


    • Horbury TS, Burgess D, Franz M et al. (2001), Three spacecraft observations of solar wind discontinuities $nameOfConference


    • Lowe RE, Burgess D (2000), Energetic electrons downstream of Earth's bow shock: Simulations of acceleration by shock structure $nameOfConference


Supervision

PhD Projects

Research areas available for PhD study include: solar wind plasma turbulence; shocks in collisionless plasmas, including the Earth’s bow shock and other heliospheric shocks; particle acceleration. Most projects involve using numerical self-consistent particle simulations, but data analysis work using spacecraft data is also possible.

The projects deal with how to apply fundamental properties of plasmas - which can exhibit a vast range of complex behaviour - to space and astrophysical situations. The research field relies on results and collaborations within international space missions.

Current PhD projects include "Effects of reconnection in turbulence" and "Spacecraft thruster effects for Solar Probe Plus."

Possible future projects include:

  • Kinetic dissipation of turbulence in 3D
  • Electron acceleration at shocks
  • Particle acceleration and nonlinear waves at the Quasi-parallel shock
  • Interstellar pick-up ions and waves in the solar wind

This list is not exhaustive! Please contact me for further details about these or other possible projects. See here for application details.

This is not an exhaustive list and I would be happy to discuss other project possibilities.

 

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