Londoners want to be represented by local people
London may be one of the most multicultural, multi-ethnic cities in the world, but its residents want their local councillors to come from the areas they represent. A new YouGov poll, commissioned by Professors Tim Bale and Philip Cowley of Queen Mary University of London’s Mile End Institute, found that six out of 10 of the capital’s voters would like to see more councillors from their local area.
This research also looked at what Londoners thought about the kinds of people who serve as councillors for local authorities.
37 per cent say they would like to see more councillors from an ethnic minority background, with just five per cent saying they would like to see fewer. Unsurprisingly, half (50 per cent) of BAME Londoners surveyed would like to see more BAME councillors, compared to 29 per cent of white Londoners – something that makes sense when, as research by QMUL’s Philip Cowley and Mercy Muroki has previously shown, the capital’s black population is underrepresented in its politics.
Age gap role
The age gap plays a part here, with 56 per cent of Londoners aged between 18 and 24 wanting more ethnic minority representation at council level, but among Londoners over 65 this figure plummets to just 16 per cent.
Just 18 per cent of Tory supporting Londoners want to see more BAME councillors, compared to 53 per cent of Labour supporting Londoners. Similarly, 18 per cent of Londoners that support leaving the EU wish to be represented by more councillors from ethnic minority backgrounds, compared to almost half (49 per cent) of those that voted to remain at the 2016 referendum.
With regard to councillors from specific religions, 24 per cent of London’s Leavers and exactly the same proportion of its Tory voters say they’d like to see fewer Muslim councillors in the capital’s local government, compared to just four per cent of Remainers and six per cent of Labour voters. Support for the idea of more Muslims serving on the capital’s councils is significantly stronger among London’s Remainers and its Labour voters (28 per cent and 34 per cent respectively). In marked contrast, that view is shared by just 10 per cent of Leavers and eight per cent of Conservative voters.
Who represents London?
This new research was discussed in detail at an event at Queen Mary’s Mile End Institute on 16 May 2019. Entitled ‘Who represents London? Ethnicity, gender and party in local government’, the event was chaired by Professor Tim Bale who commented: “Although it seems to be an even bigger priority for Labour supporters than for Conservatives – something that’s also true when it comes to getting more ordinary working class people elected – support for the idea that councillors should come from the areas they represent is not only widespread but transcends any of the familiar demographic differences. It’s even something that, for once, Remainers and Leavers can agree on completely”.
The other speakers at the Mile End Institute event contributed to the debate.
Mercy Muroki said: “A lot of local councillors go on to national office, you’ll find that a lot of ethnic minority MPs have had a background in local government. So if we do care about national representation of ethnic minorities - and this is definitely something that parties have been focusing on and it’s definitely becoming a more salient issue - if we care about who our MPs are then we should also care about who our local councillors are in London.”
Councillor Asma Begum, Deputy Mayor of Tower Hamlets said: “When we look at local government we talk about BAME communities being represented but it would be quite interesting to see how many of these people are represented in the executive decision place - making the decisions or having the power to make decisions. How many of the BAME representatives are going up to those places and making those decisions?”
Why does this matter?
Sunder Katwala, Director of the think tank British Future said: “Why does this matter? It’s about being an equal citizen of your country. If you had fair chances and no unfair boundaries then the councillors and the MPs and the selections they would look pretty like the cities they represent.”
Councillor Johnson Situ, a Labour Councillor in Peckham said: “We need to ensure that we become colour and gender conscious to open the door to town halls being more reflective of the community we seek to represent and if we do that we will start to address the figures that Mercy highlighted.”
Professor Tony Travers from the Department of Government at London School of Economics said: “We’re trying to judge how far to unravel different groups of identities and how they perform within the political system - I think this is something we’ll have to think long and hard about so as, in a sense, not to come to the point where there’s just too much to understand. Then the issue is how do we prioritise what we look at and in what order.”
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Faculty Communications Manager (HSS)