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School of Business and Management

Professor Liam Campling

Liam

Professor of International Business and Development; Programme Director for MSc International Business and Politics and MSc International Business and Development

Email: l.campling@qmul.ac.uk
Telephone: +44 (0)20 7882 8988
Room Number: Room 3.37, Francis Bancroft Building, Mile End Campus

Profile

Roles:

Biography:

Liam Campling is a political economist researching the theory, politics and industrial organisation of the business enterprise and global value chains; international trade policy, its negotiation and relationship to global production; and the political economy of development and environment change. He regards political economy as an interdisciplinary approach that allows me to contribute to debates in a range of fields, including Development Studies, Economic Geography, International Business, and International Political Economy.

In addition to academic research he has undertaken commissioned research on a range of themes including trade policy, social policy and industry analysis for a variety of organisations, such as the Commonwealth Secretariat; Directorate General for Trade of the European Commission; International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development; Food & Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations; International Transport Workers Federation; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development; and United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. He has also worked part-time for the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) since 2007 as an advisor on the global tuna industry and international trade policy; and for Pacific Islands Forum at its Permanent Delehaton in Geneva, with a focus on the World Trade Organisation, and for the Secretariat in Suva, Fiji.

He joined Queen Mary University of London in 2009. He holds a PhD in Development Studies from SOAS, University of London, a MA(Econ) in Political Development (Distinction) and a BA(Hons) in Politics and Modern History (First), both from the University of Manchester.

Teaching

Postgraduate:

  • BUSM090: World Economy and Development

 

My teaching draws on the fields of economic geography, international political economy, development studies, and international business. I teach across all levels, from first year undergraduate to masters’ modules and PhD training. My teaching is particularly focused on linking (and finding tensions among) theory, policy and practice, including state regulation, the strategies of big business, and tracing processes of change in the world economy. This is closely linked to my research and policy work on multinational enterprises, international trade, the political economy of industrial development, and environmental change.

I have had a good track record of student and peer feedback on my teaching and learning practices. I carefully align content with modes of assessment, and unfold and interrogate theory and concepts through country and sectoral case studies. My non-academic work with governments, international organisations, NGOs and trade unions feeds directly into my teaching practice in the form of examples and anecdotes which, I hope, bring to life some of the more abstract or faceless issues, institutions and processes that I explore with students.

Liam is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Research

Research Interests:

My research is often collaborative and can be divided into six distinct, but interconnected contributions.

Global Value Chains and Natural Resource Industries

I have advanced conceptually and empirically the understanding of the environment as a material dynamic shaping and shaped by corporations and inter-firm relations in the world economy (e.g. Campling 2012; Baglioni and Campling 2017; Campling and Selwyn 2018; Campling and Havice 2019). In connected research with Elizabeth Havice, we have shown how environmental governance is used by dominant firms as a business strategy, including in articulations with individual states and the international system (Havice and Campling 2013, 2017; Campling and Havice 2018). This work challenges firm-centrism in global value chain analysis and shows why ecology matters to the study of business dynamics.

In Capitalism and the Sea with Alejandro Colás (Verso 2021), we trace the political economy, ecology and geopolitics of the sea, and show that the earth’s geographical separation into land and sea has significant, but under-studied, consequences for rethinking how capitalism works. We challenge land-based narratives of capitalist development and show how struggles over sovereignty, exploitation and appropriation in the capture and coding of maritime spaces and resources has shaped the modern world.

 

The Political Economy of International Fisheries Trade and Resource Access

This research on international fisheries trade and resource access rules and their commercial relations has shown that the negotiation and implementation of trade agreements shape profoundly the structure of global fisheries production (Campling 2015, 2016, 2017; Campling and Havice 2013, 2014; Curran et al. 2019; Andriamahefazafy et al. 2019). This work has ruptured siloed, technicist thinking in scholarship on fisheries, demonstrating the ways in which trade rules are the historical products of business strategies, and theorises the problem of property over mobile living resources. This academic work has laid a powerful basis for public engagement and is the foundation for Impact Case Studies submitted to REF2013 and REF2021.

 

Law, the Corporation, Global Value Chains and Redistribution

Combining my work on GVCs and international trade law, is an offshoot of theory-driven collaborative work examining the role of law and managerialism in the distribution of wealth in global production (IGLP Law and Global Production Working Group 2016; Baglioni et al. 2019; Campling 2019). In particular, work with Clair Quentin has shown that corporations make strategic use of the articulation of global value chains and global wealth chains to maximise post-tax profits, reproducing global inequalities between firms, countries, classes and genders (Quentin and Campling 2018; Campling and Quentin 2021). 

 

EU Free Trade Agreements and Labour Standards

Funded by a two-year ESRC grant (2015-17), I shifted the relational focus of my work from trade, the environment and natural resource industries, to trade, labour standards and automobile manufacturing. As Co-Investigator on an inter-disciplinary team of researchers from QMUL and the University of Warwick, I investigated the negotiation, implementation and effectiveness of the EU’s framework for labour provisions in its Free Trade Agreements. Our research identified significant limitations in the institutional structures established by the EU’s framework and in its operationalisation, where my focus was South Korea and its automotive production network (Barbu et al. 2018; Campling et al. 2016; Campling et al. 2019; Harrison et al. 2018a and 2018b; Smith et al. 2018).  This research won the Journal of Common Market Studies joint best article prize in 2019 and was published in Free Trade Agreements and Global Labour Governance: The European Union’s Trade-Labour Linkage in a Value Chain World (Routledge, 2021). 

 

Labour Regimes and Global Production

I have worked collaboratively with two groups of researchers on the development of ‘labour regime analysis’. The concept of a labour regime acts as a bridge between distinct sub-disciplines that study labour, work and employment and those that study firms and globalised production. And it allows for the scalar analysis of the multiple dimensions of social relations, governance and regulation that stabilise and contest the production process in particular places. The first set of work developed out of the research on EU FTAs and labour standards and involves the conceptualisation of labour regimes as consisting of nested scales of relations, articulating global value chains, national political economies and workplaces . (Smith et al. 2018; Campling et al. 2019). The second group emerged from a long-standing collaboration with the Historical Materialism and World Development Research Seminar (HMWDRS) and builds on prior work on class-relational analysis in a book edited with Jonathan Pattenden, Satoshi Miyamura and Ben Selwyn The Class Dynamics of Development (Routledge, 2017). This collective work is culminating a collection of essays Labour Regimes and Global Production (Agenda, forthcoming) that I am editing with Elena Baglioni, Neil Coe and Adrian Smith.

 

Interdisciplinary Study of the Global Ocean and Environmental Change

I engage in cross-disciplinary work with oceanographers, fisheries and climate change scientists, economists and legal scholars, including on the impacts of climate change on small island developing states, the sustainable governance of oceanic ecosystems, and scenario building for projecting possible pathways in the social-ecological evolution of oceanic systems (Maury et al. 2013 and 2017; Guillotreau et al. 2012).

Centre and Group Membership:

 

Publications

Books

 

Journal articles

  • Elena Baglioni, Liam Campling and Gerard Hanlon (forthcoming), 'Beyond Rentiership: Standardisation, Intangibles and Value Capture in Global Production',  Environment and Planning A.
  • 2019 (Campling, L., Harrison, J., Richardson, B., Smith, A. and Barbu, M.), ‘South Korea’s Automotive Labour Regime, Hyundai Motors’ Global Production Network and Trade-based Integration with the European Union’, British Journal of Industrial Relations, https://doi.org/10.1111/bjir.12506
  • 2019 (with Elena Baglioni and Gerard Hanlon), ‘Global value chains as entrepreneurial capture: insights from management theory’, Review of International Political Economy, 27(4): 903-925 https://doi.org/10.1080/09692290.2019.1657479
  • 2019, ‘Competitive accumulation, the geographical transfer of value, and global environmental change’, Review of Social Economy, 78(2): 139-145: https://doi.org/10.1080/00346764.2019.1644664
  • 2019 (Louise Curran, Khalid Nadvi and Liam Campling), ‘The Influence of Tariff Regimes on Global Production Networks’, Journal of Economic Geography 19(4): 873–895.https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lby059
  • 2019 (Mialy Andriamahefazafy, Christian. A. Kull and Liam Campling), ‘Connected by sea, disconnected by tuna? Challenges to regionalism in the Southwest Indian Ocean’, Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, 15(1): 58-77 https://doi.org/10.1080/19480881.2018.1561240
  • 2018 (with Elizabeth Havice), ‘The Global Environmental Politics and Political Economy of Seafood Systems’, Global Environmental Politics, 18(2), 72-92
  • 2018 (with Alex Colas), ‘Capitalism and the Sea: Sovereignty, Territory and Appropriation in the Global Ocean’, Environment and Planning D, 36(4): 776-794
  • 2018 (Harrison, J., Barbu, M., Campling, L., Richardson, B. and Smith, A.) ‘Governing labour standards through free trade agreements: limits of the European Union’s Trade and Sustainable Development chapters’, Journal of Common Market Studies, DOI: 10.1111/jcms.12715
  • 2018 (Harrison J, Barbu M, Campling L, Ebert FC, Martens D, Marx, A, Orbie, J, Richardson B, Smith A), ‘Labour Standards Provisions in EU Free Trade Agreements: Reflections on the European Commission’s Reform Agenda’, World Trade Review,
  • 2018 (Barbu, M., Campling, L., Smith, A., Harrison, J. Richardson, B.) ‘The Trade-Labour Nexus: Global Value Chains and Labour Provisions in European Union Free Trade Agreements’, Global Labour Journal, 9(3): 258-280
  • 2018 (Smith, A., Barbu, M., Campling, L., Harrison, J. and Richardson, B.) ‘Labour regimes, global production networks and European Union trade policy: international labour standards and export production in the Moldovan clothing industry’, Economic Geography, 94(5): 550-574
  • 2018 (with David Quentin), ‘Global Inequality Chains: Integrating mechanisms of value distribution into analyses of global production’, Global Networks, 18 (1): 33–56
  • 2017 (with Elena Baglioni), ‘Natural resource industries as global value chains: Frontiers, fetishism, labour and the state’, Environment and Planning A, 49(11): 2437–2456
  • 2017 (third author with O. Maury, L. Campling, H. Arrizabalaga, O. Aumonte, L. Bopp, G. Merino, D. Squires, W. Cheung, M. Goujon, C. Guivarch, S. Lefort, F. Marsac, P. Monteagudo, R. Murtugudde, H. Österblom, J.F. Pulvenis, Y. Ye, B.J. van Ruijven), ‘From shared socio-economic pathways (SSPs) to oceanic system pathways (OSPs): Building policy-relevant scenarios for global oceanic ecosystems and fisheries’, Global Environmental Change, 45: 203-216
  • 2017 (with Elizabeth Havice), ‘Where chain and environmental governance meet: Inter-firm strategies in the canned tuna global value chain’, Economic Geography, 93:3, 292-313
  • 2017, ‘Stratégies d’accumulation impérialiste de la pêche européenne du thon’, Alternatives Sud (journal of CETRI – Centre Tricontinental), 24(1): 133-157
  • (2016), 'Trade politics and the global production of canned tuna', Marine Policy, 69 (July): 220-228.
  • IGLP Law and Global Production Working Group (2016), 'Recognising the Constitutive Role of Law in Global Value Chains: A Research Manifesto', London Review of International Law, 4 (1): 57-79.
  • (with Satoshi Miyamura, Jonathan Pattenden and Benjamin Selwyn) (2016), ‘Class dynamics of development: a methodological note’, Third World Quarterly, 37(10): 1745-1767.
  • (with Jens Lerche) (2016), ‘Introduction to the Special Issue The Political Economy of Agrarian Change: Essays in Appreciation of Henry Bernstein’, Journal of Agrarian Change, 16(3): 365–369.
  • Béné, C., R. Arthur, H. Norbury, E.H. Allison, M. Beveridge, S. Bush, L. Campling, W. Leschen, D. Little, D. Squires, S.H. Thilsted, M. Troelli and M. Williams (2016). ‘Contribution of Fisheries and Aquaculture to Food Security and Poverty Reduction: Assessing the Current Evidence’, World Development, 79: 177–196.
  • (with James Harrison, Ben Richardson and Adrian Smith) (forthcoming), ‘Working Beyond the Border? A New Research Agenda for the Evaluation of Labour Standards in EU Trade Agreements’, International Labour Review.
  • (with Elizabeth Havice) (2014), ‘The problem of property in industrial fisheries’, Journal of Peasant Studies, 41(5): 707-727.
  • Abbott, Joshua, James L. Anderson, Liam Campling, Røgnvaldur Hannesson, Elizabeth Havice, M. Susan Lozier, Martin D. Smith, Michael J. Wilberg (2014), ‘Steering the Global Partnership for Oceans’, Marine Resource Economics, 29(1): 1-16.
  • (with Elizabeth Havice) (2013), ‘Articulating upgrading: Island developing states and canned tuna production’, Environment and Planning A, 45 (11): 2610 – 2627.
  • Maury, O., K. Miller, L. Campling H. Arrizabalaga, O. Aumont, Ö. Bodin, P. Guillotreau, A. J. Hobday, F. Marsac, Z. Suzuki and R. Murtuggude (2013), ‘A global science-policy partnership for progress towards sustainability of oceanic ecosystems and fisheries’, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 5 (3-4): 314–319.
  • (with Elizabeth Havice) (2013), ‘Mainstreaming environment and development at the WTO? Fisheries subsidies, the politics of rule-making and the elusive “triple win”’, Environment and Planning A, 45(4): 835 – 852
  • (2013) ‘Debating modes of production and forms of exploitation: Introduction to symposium on Jairus Banaji’s Theory as History’, Historical Materialism, 21(4): 1-8.
  • (with Patrice Guillotreau and Jan Robinson) (2012), ‘Vulnerability of small island fishery economies to climate and institutional changes’, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4(3): 287-291
  • (with Elizabeth Havice and Penny Howard) (2012), ‘The Political Economy and Ecology of Capture Fisheries: Market Dynamics, Resource Access and Relations of Exploitation and Resistance’, Journal of Agrarian Change, 12(2-3): 177-203
  • (2012), ‘The Tuna ‘Commodity Frontier’: Business Strategies and Environment in the Industrial Tuna Fisheries of the Western Indian Ocean’, Journal of Agrarian Change, 12(2-3): 252-278
  • (with Elizabeth Havice) (2010) ‘Shifting Tides in the Western Central Pacific Ocean Tuna Fishery: The Political Economy of Regulation and Industry Responses’, Global Environmental Politics, 10(1): 89-114
  • (with Elizabeth Havice) (2007), ‘Industrial Development in an Island Economy: US Trade Policy and Canned Tuna Production in American Samoa’, Island Studies Journal, 2(2): 209-228
  • (with Stefano Ponte and Jesper Raakjær) (2007), ‘Swimming Upstream: Market Access for African Fish Exports in the Context of WTO and EU Negotiations and Regulation’, Development Policy Review, 25(1): 113-138
  • (2006) ‘A Critical Political Economy of the Small Island Developing States Concept: South-South Cooperation for Island Citizens’, Journal of Developing Societies, 22(3): 235-285
  • (with Henry Bernstein) (2006) ‘Commodity Studies and Commodity Fetishism I: Trading Down’, Journal of Agrarian Change, 6(2): 239-264
  • (with Henry Bernstein) (2006) ‘Commodity Studies and Commodity Fetishism II: “Profits with Principles?”’, Journal of Agrarian Change, 6(3): 414-447.
  • (with Michel Rosalie) (2006), ‘Sustaining Social Development in a Small Island Developing State: the Case of Seychelles’, Sustainable Development, 14: 115-125.
  • (2004), ‘Editorial Introduction to the Symposium on Marxism and African Realities’, Historical Materialism, 12(4): 51–66.
  • (with Michel Rosalie) (2004), ‘Socio-economic Development in Seychelles: An Overview’, Seychelles Medical and Dental Journal, 7(1): 7–12.

 

Other publications

  • Forthcoming (with Elizabeth Havice), ‘Industrial capture fisheries and oceanic accumulation’, The Edward Elgar Handbook of Critical Agrarian Studies, eds. A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi, Kristina Dietz, Bettina Engels and Ben McKay, Edward Elgar
  • Forthcoming, ‘The Corporation and Resource Geography’, in The Routledge Handbook of Critical Resource Geography, eds. Matthew Himley, Elizabeth Havice, and Gabriela Valdivia, London: Routledge
  • Forthcoming (with Clair Quentin), ‘Global Inequality Chains: How Global Value Chains and Wealth Chains (Re)produce Inequalities of Wealth’, Rethinking Value Chains: Tackling the Challenges of Global Capitalism, eds. Florence Palpacuer and Alistair Smith, Bristol: Policy Press
  • 2019 (with Elena Baglioni), ‘The Political Economy of Natural Resources’, 2nd Edition of the International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Elsevier.
  • 2019 (with Elizabeth Havice), ‘Bringing the Environment into GVC Analysis: Antecedents and Advances’, Handbook on Global Value Chains, eds. Stefano Ponte, Gary Gereffi and Gale Raj-Reichert, Edward Elgar
  • 2018 (with Ben Selwyn), ‘Value Chains and the World Economy: Theories, Critiques and Alternatives’, in Handbook of the International Political Economy of the Corporation, eds. Christian May and Andreas Nölke, Edward Elgar.
  • 2018 (with Elizabeth Havice), Corporate Dynamics in the Shelf-stable Tuna Industry, Honiara: Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency.
  • 2018 (third author with Victoria Allard and Jodie Keane) Global Value Chain Perspective: Adapting to Competitiveness Challenges Arising from LDC Graduation – Case study: Solomon Islands tuna fisheries, London: Commonwealth Secretariat
  • 2017 (with Antony Lewis and Mike McCoy), The Tuna Longline Industry in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean and its Market Dynamics, Honiara: Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency.
  • 2017 (with Elena Baglioni and Elizabeth Havice), ‘The nature of the firm in global value chains’, in The Corporation: A Critical, Multidisciplinary Handbook, eds. G. Baars and A. Spicer, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  •  2017 ‘The Global Value Chain in Canned Tuna, the International Trade Regime and Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14’, in Future Fragmentation Processes: Effectively Engaging with the Ascendancy of Global Value Chains, ed. Jodie Keane and Roland Baimbill-Johnson, London: Commonwealth Secretariat.
  • 2016 (James Harrison, Mirela Barbu, Liam Campling, Ben Richardson and Adrian Smith), ‘Labour standards in EU free trade agreements: Working towards what end?’, GREAT Insights, 5(6) Brussels: European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM).
  • (2016), ‘The Global Value Chain in Canned Tuna, the International Trade Regime and Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14’, International Trade Working Paper 2016/22, Commonwealth Secretariat, London.
  • (with Elizabeth Havice) (forthcoming 2016), ‘Fisheries Subsidies in the World Trade Organisation and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement’, in UNCTAD Trade and Environment Review 2016, Geneva: UNCTAD.
  • (with Elizabeth Havice) (2015), ‘Fisheries Subsidies in the WTO: Brief for Pacific Islands Forum Countries’, Honiara: Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency
  • (2015), 'Assessing Alternative Markets: Pacific Islands Canned Tuna and Tuna Loins', Honiara: Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency.
  • (2015) ‘Historicising trade preferences and development: The case of the ACP-EU canned tuna preference’, in Kate Ervine and Gavin Fridell (eds.) Beyond Free Trade: Alternative Approaches to Trade, Politics and Power, London: Palgrave.
  • (2015), ‘Tariff Escalation and Preferences in International Fish Production and Trade’, E15 Expert Group on Oceans, Fisheries and the Trade System. Geneva: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development and World Economic Forum.
  • (2015) (with Jennifer Johns, Peter Buckley, Liam Campling, Gary Cook, Martin Hess, Rudolf Sinkovics), ‘Geography and History Matter’. In The Rise of Multinationals from Emerging Economies, eds. Palitha Konara, Yoo Jung Ha, Frank McDonlad, Yingqi Wei, 51-80. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • (with Amanda Hamilton and Antony Lewis) (2011) ‘Report on the implementation of the derogation to the standard rules of origin granted to the Pacific ACP States in the framework of the Interim Economic Partnership Agreement’, Brussels: Directorate-General for Trade, European Commission.
  • (with Hansel Confiance and Marie-Therese Purvis), (2011) 'Social Policy in Seychelles', London: Commonwealth Secretariat and United Nations Research Institute on Social Development.
  • (with Amanda Hamilton, Antony Lewis, Mike A. McCoy and Elizabeth Havice) (2011), 'Market and Industry Dynamics in the Global Tuna Supply Chain', Honiara: Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency.
  • (2008) ‘Direct and Indirect Preference Erosion and the Competitiveness of the ACP Tuna Processing Sector’, in Veniana Qalo (eds.), Bilateralism and Development: Emerging Trade Patterns, London: Cameroon May.
  • (2008) 'Fisheries Aspects of ACP-EU Interim Economic Partnership Agreements: Trade and Sustainable Development Implications', Geneva: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development.
  • (2008), ‘The Global Commodity Chain in Tuna, African Development and the Politics of International Trade Relations’, Claves de la Economía Mundial [in Spanish].
  • (2007 to date) FFA Fisheries Trade News, a bimonthly publication produced for the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA).
  • (with Martin Doherty) (2007), ‘Follow-up study on sanitary and phyto-sanitary (SPS) issues in canned tuna production in Mauritius/the Seychelles and Thailand’. Commissioned by COMESA/ the Regional Trade Facilitation Programme.
  • (with Martin Doherty) (2007), ‘A comparative analysis of cost structure and sanitary and phyto-sanitary (SPS) issues in canned tuna production in Mauritius/the Seychelles and Thailand: Is there a level playing field?’ Commissioned by COMESA/ the Regional Trade Facilitation Programme.
  • (with Elizabeth Havice and Vina Ram-Bidesi) (2007), Pacific Island Countries, the Global Tuna Industry and the International Trade Regime, Honiara: Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency.

Supervision

Current Doctoral Students:

1st Supervisor

  • Hyunjung Kim,  ‘Rethinking Sovereign Territoriality in Hybrid Governance: Governing mobile labour in Korea and Taiwan’s distant water fisheries.’
  • Zafer Ornek, 'Studying ‘just transition’ and labour in the emergence of electronic vehicle production networks in Germany.'

 

2nd Supervisor

  • Hyunpyo Hong,‘The EU Trade Policy and Strategy towards Asian Economies: International Political Economy Approaches to Services and Investment’. (With the School of Politics and International Relations)
  • Jonny Jones ‘The political economy of a port logistics labour regime in England, 2000-2019’. (with the School of Geography QMUL and International Transport Workers’ Federation), 
  • Ku'ulei Lewis, 'A tale of two firms. A comparative case study on the effects of scale and biodiversity efforts in the organic foods and cosmetics industries'
  • Dara Leyden, ‘The struggle for social upgrading: A case study of electronics GVCs in Thailand’. 

Completed PhD Students:

  • Dr Clair Quentin, ‘A materialist political economy of international corporate tax reform’. Awarded 2020.
  • Dr Ioana Jipa-Musat, ‘A Study of Institutional Change within the Romanian National Political Economy with a Focus on Elites, International Forces and Labour’. Awarded 2020
  • Dr Steffen Fischer, ‘Labour Regimes, Embeddedness and Commodity Chains: Liberia’s Iron Ore and Rubber Industries’. Awarded 2016.
  • Dr Aidan Wong, ‘The Politics of Urban Waste Collection and Recycling Global Production Networks in Singapore and Malaysia’. Awarded 2014. Winner of the Best Dissertation award for 2014 of the American Association of Geography’s Economic Geography Speciality Group; winner of the 2014 PhD Prize of the Economic Geography Research Group, Royal Geographical Society.

Public Engagement

Liam's  research on the global tuna industry, the international trade regime and developing countries, and his ongoing policy collaboration with development agencies, trade unions and NGOs (a combination of commissioned and pro-bono work), has contributed to several impacts. Three sets of impacts were highlighted in his REF2013 Case Study: (1) influencing trade policy, regulation and legislation to support developing countries, including at the WTO; (2) improving labour conditions in tuna processing facilities in Papua New Guinea; and, (3) influencing public debate and understanding of fisheries industry and policy. Read more on this here: http://impact.ref.ac.uk/CaseStudies/CaseStudy.aspx?Id=19103

He is submitting two distinct Impact Case Studies to REF2021.

Liam has undertaken external commissioned research for a number of organisations: Board of Investment of Mauritius; Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA); Commonwealth Secretariat; Department for International Development; Directorate General for Trade of the European Commission; East African Community; European Parliament; International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD); International Transport Workers Federation; Marine Resources Assessment Group;  Ministry of Environment & Natural Resources and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Seychelles; Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA); Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat; Seychelles Fishing Authority; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD); TradeMark Southern Africa.