ARQ - Advanced Robotics at Queen Mary

Past events

 

Seminar: Quality-Diversity Optimisation: Learning large sets of diverse and high-performing solutions in robotics

by Dr Antoine Cully (Department of Computing, Imperial College London, UK)

This seminar is co-organised with the QMUL Institute of Applied Data Science.

When: Thu, Dec 13, 15:00-16:00, coffee/tea reception after the seminar 16:00-16:20

Where: People's palace, PP2, Mile End campus (building 16, campus map, https://www.qmul.ac.uk/docs/about/26065.pdf)

Title: Quality-Diversity Optimisation: Learning large sets of diverse and high-performing solutions in robotics

Abstract. The optimisation of functions to find the best solution according to one or several objectives has a central role in many engineering and research fields. Recently, a new family of optimisation algorithms, named Quality-Diversity optimisation, has been introduced, and contrasts with classic algorithms. Instead of searching for a single solution, Quality-Diversity algorithms are searching for a large collection of both diverse and high-performing solutions. The role of this collection is to cover the range of possible solution types as much as possible, and to contain the best solution for each type. During this seminar, I will show how these algorithms can enable robots to learn large behavioural repertoires and to adapt to unforeseen situations, like mechanical damages.

Bio. Antoine Cully is Lecturer at Imperial College London (United Kingdom). His research is at the intersection between artificial intelligence and robotics. He applies machine learning approaches, like deep learning and evolutionary algorithms, on robots to increase their versatility and their adaptation capabilities. He received the M.Sc. and the Ph.D. degrees in robotics and artificial intelligence from the Sorbonne University of Paris (previously called UPMC), France, in 2012 and 2015, respectively, and the engineer degree from the School of Engineering Polytech’Sorbonne, in 2012. His Ph.D. dissertation has received three Best-Thesis awards.  He has published several journal papers in prestigious journals including Nature, IEEE Transaction in Evolutionary Computation, and the International Journal of Robotics Research. His work was featured on the cover of Nature (Cully et al., 2015) and received the "Outstanding Paper of 2015" award from the Society for Artificial Life (2016), and the French "La Recherche" award (2016).

 


CRAS 2018 - The 8th Joint Workshop on New Technologies for Computer/Robot Assisted Surgery

The Centre for Advanced Robotics, Queen Mary University of London, 10th and 11th of September 2018

Robotic surgery is one of the most appealing fields of modern robotics. With over 3 decades history, more than 3.800 systems installed worldwide and over 600.000 robot-assisted interventions conducted per year, the field of robotic surgery is considered well-established. Despite these impressive figures and increasing popularity in research labs all over the world, the list of technological advances that made it into the operating room (OR) during this last decade is fairly limited. Long expected techniques such as 3D reconstruction, motion compensation, virtual guidance, haptic feedback, under study in many labs all over the planet did not make their appearance into the market yet.

CRAS seeks to give a clear view on the status and recent trends of assistive surgical robotic technologies. It aims to support and propose concrete measures to accelerate research and innovation in this field. CRAS originates from efforts to collaborate among European groups to achieve a critical mass in surgical robotics. As such the workshop continue on discussions started at ERF in Lyon and at ICRA in Karlsruhe, and previous meetings at Verona and Genoa. More in particular CRAS attempts to identify the steps necessary to stimulate cooperation between research and industry, across national borders and different surgical robotic projects to take advantage of the growing attention and support for research and exploitation in this interesting and growing field.


 

Seminar: Flexible Endoscopic Surgery Robots

Professor Dong-Soo Kwon,

KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology

Fri, June 22, 2018, 14:00-15:00 QMUL Mile End campus, People's Palace building, room LG01 (basement)

Abstract: This talk will present research on flexible surgical robotics of KAIST center for future Medical robotics. We believe that surgical robots should be developed considering the benefits to surgeons with easy and intuitive control, to patients with minimum invasiveness and fast recovery, and to hospitals with affordable cost and reduction of surgery time. In order to meet these requirements, firstly, EasyEndo has been developed for solo-endoscopic procedures. By attaching a motor pack to a conventional endoscope, EasyEndo allows easy and intuitive endoscopy without assistants. Second, Portable Endoscopic Tool Handler (PETH) has been developed for more advanced procedures with additional surgical arms attached to the conventional endoscope. Several ex-vivo experiments have shown the improved performance of conventional endoscope and the feasibility of PETH. Third, K-FLEX has been developed that can perform dexterous robotic surgery through a flexible pathway by adding small robot arms to the flexible endoscope. An attractive feature of these robot arms is that they can exert a great deal of force to lift organs and tissues with specially designed constraint joint mechanism. This endoscopic surgical robot system will provide minimal invasiveness for patients, and widen the robotic surgery area with more accessibility. With these robot technologies, we believe that surgeons and endoscopists can conduct a challenging surgery that has not been tried before. Based on our research experience over the last 20 years, we are planning to commercialize our research outputs. Since the current market of endoscopes is much larger than that of laparoscopic surgical robots, we will pursue to commercialize our flexible robot technologies that will extend endoscope application from conventional endoscopy procedure to robotic surgery.

Biography: Dong-Soo Kwon is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Director of the Human-Robot Interaction Research Center, Director of the Center for Future Medical Robotics. He is serving the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (RAS) as a member of the Administrative Committee (AdCom). In addition, He is the founder CEO of EasyEndo Surgical Inc., Chairman of the board of directors of Korea Institute of Robot and convergence (KIRO), and a member of National Academy of Engineering of Korea (NAEK). His research deals with Medical Robotics, Haptics, and Human-Robot Interaction. He has contributed to the advancement of several robot venture companies by technology transfer. Recently, he has established a start-up company based on his medical robot research results. He had worked as the Research Staff in the Telerobotics section at Oak Ridge National Laboratory from 1991 to 1995. He was a Graduate Research Assistant in Flexible Automation Lab. at Georgia Institute of Technology from 1985 to 1991, and the Section Chief, Manager at R&D Group of Kanglim Co., Ltd from 1982 to 1985. He received the Ph.D. in the Department of M.E. at Georgia Institute of Technology in 1991, M.S. in the M.E. at KAIST in 1982, and B.S. in the M.E. at Seoul National University in Korea in 1980.


 

Workshop on Assistive Robotics & Technologies

When: March 21, 14:00-19:00
Where: GO Jones building, ground floor Lecture theatre, Queen Mary Univerisity of London, Mile End Campus (Stepney green or Mile End road stations)

QMUL campus map (building 25)

Robotics and assistive technologies can improve mobility for persons with a disability. Such technologies are diverse: powered wheelchairs, prosthetic limbs, wearable exoskeletons, etc. Safe and efficient design of robotic assistance remains a challenging issue. In this workshop, the invited speakers will address such issues by demonstrating recent research progress and successful application cases. This workshop is a part of the QMUL Cybathlon 2020 team activity. The QMUL Cybathlon 2020 student team will present their progress during the workshop.

Registration is required (FREE)Eventbrite link

Tentative programme:

  • Presentations (15:00-18:00)
    • 15:00-15:30 Shared control: improving access to mobility control, Dr Tom Carlston, University College London
    • 15:30-16:00 Fundamental control policies for locomotionDr Aleksandra V. Birn-Jeffery, Queen Mary Univerisity
    • 16:00-16:30 H-CARD: human centred design of assistive and rehabilitation devices, Professor Etienne Burdet, Imperial College London
    • coffee break
    • 16:45-17:15 Using Inertial measurements to quantify and classify movements for health care analysisProfessor William Harwin, Univerisity of Reading
    • 17:15-17:45 A case from Rio 2016 Paralympic games, Dr Dylan Morrissey, Queen Mary Univerisity of London
    • 17:45-18:00 Assistive robotics at Queen Mary, Cybathlon 2020 student team presentation
  • Drinks and networking reception (18:00-19:00)

Contact: Dr Ildar Farkhatdinov, i.farkhatdinov@qmul.ac.uk

The workshop is supported by Westfield fund of Queen Mary Univerisity of London.


 

The 2nd IEEE UK & Ireland RAS Conference

When: Thursday, 22nd of February, 2018

Where: Arts One: ALT, Queen Mary University of London

Registration: registration website.

Synchronising with the pace of IEEE Robotics and Automation Society, the UK & Ireland RAS chapter addresses the advancement of the theory and practice of robotics and automation engineering and science and of the allied arts and sciences, and for the maintenance of high professional standards among its members. Today, Robotics and Automation Technologies have been widely applied in various areas, such as Manufacturing, Medical Surgery, Healthcare, Agriculture, Urban Search and Rescue in extreme environments, Surveillance, etc.

The aim of the annual IEEE UK&I RAS conference to improve the communication of its members and other researchers, young students and industrial professionals who are interested in the activities of RAS in research, development and education, share the knowledge, latest research achievements and technologies in RAS, explore the furture trend of RAS, and promote collaboration and knowledge transformation. At the conference, we will call for creating young student group.

Conference general chair: Prof John Gray, Chair of IEEE UK & Ireland RAS chapter, University of Manchester

Programme chair: Prof Kaspar Althoefer, Head of the Centre for Advanced Robotics @ Queen Mary (ARQ).

Themes of the conference:

1. RAS on Extreme Environments

2. RAS on Social and Health Care

3. RAS on Manufacturing and Food Automation

4. RAI Beyond 2020

5. Student research poster competition (Landscape, A1 size) - submit your abstracts here.

Contact: Dr Mary He (h.he@cranfield.ac.uk), Dr Jelizaveta Konstantinova (j.konstantinova@qmul.ac.uk)


 

Workshop: Next Generation Robots for the Factory of the Future

To mark the completion of the FourByThree project, Queen Mary University London has organised an event entitled “Next Generation Robots for the Factory of the Future” that has attracted audience of hundred participants and took place in Royal Society, London on the 17th of November.

During this workshop there were presentations of results from FourByThree partners (KCL, QMUL, DFKI, IFF), as well as invited talks from industries (Shadow Robot, OCADO technologies) and academia (Imperial College, Royal College of Arts). The main purpose of this event was to share the outcomes and results of the project, as well as its next steps (exploitation strategy). In addition, as the event targeted both academia and industry, the discussions on possible future collaboration were held.

When: Friday, 17th of November, 17:00-21:30

Where: The Royal Society, 6-9 Carlton House Terrace, London, SW1Y 5AG

 

Session 1: "FourByThree: New Frontiers in Human-Robot Collaboration for the Manufacturing Environment"

  • 17:00 Kaspar Althoefer (Head of Advanced Robotics @ Queen Mary (ARQ))

  • 17:15 Marc Ronthaler (Managing Director of Ground Truth Robotics GmbH - A DFKI Spin Off Company)- "Highly customizable robotic solutions for effective and safe human robot collaboration in manufacturing applications"

  • 17:30 Ali Shafti (Brain and Behaviour Lab, Dept. of Computing and Dept. of Bioengineering, Imperial College London)

  • 17:45 Christian Vogel (Fraunhofer IFF) - "Projection and camera-based technology for workspace surveillance in human-robot cooperation scenarios"

Tea break

Session 2: "Human-Robot Interaction: Advancing Beyond the Horizon"

  • 18:30 Rich Walker (CEO Shadow Robot Company) - "What are these new robots going to do for us?"

  • 18:45 Yiannis Demiris (Director of Personal Robotics Laboratory, Imperial College London) - “Multi-scale User Modelling for Human Robot Interaction”

  • 19:00 Graham Deacon (OCADO Technology)

Reception

4by3 poster 17th of Nov 2017


 

Seminar: Tactile perception in and outside our body

by Professor Vincent Hayward (University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France; Centre for Advanced Studies, University of London, UK)

When: Thu, Oct 12, 14:00-15:00

Where: QMUL, Mile End campus, graduate centre, GC101

Title: Tactile perception in and outside our body

Abstract. The mechanics of contact and friction is to touch what sound waves are to audition, and what light waves are to vision. The complex physics of contact and its consequences inside our sensitive tissues, however, differ in fundamental ways from the physics of acoustics and optics. The astonishing variety of phenomena resulting from the contact between fingers and objects is likely to have fashioned our somatosensory system at all its levels of it organisation, from early mechanics to cognition. The talk will illustrate this idea through a variety of specific examples that show how surface physics shape the messages that are sent to the brain, providing completely new opportunities for applications of human machines interfaces.

Bio. Vincent Hayward is a professor (on leave) at the Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) in Paris. Before, he was with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at McGill University, Montréal, Canada, where I became a full Professor in 2006 and was the Director of the McGill Centre for Intelligent Machines from 2001 to 2004. Hayward is interested in haptic device design, human perception, and robotics; and I am a Fellow of the IEEE. He was a European Research Council Grantee from 2010 to 2016. Since January 2017, Hayward is a Professor of Tactile Perception and Technology at the School of Advanced Studies of the University of London, supported by a Leverhulme Trust Fellowship.

Website: UPMC Publications 

 

 The photos from the Open robotics day at Queen Mary University of London, June 29, 2017 (see details below)

@ Queen Mary (ARQ) is inviting to its day of inauguration. We will be showcasing QMUL's varied and exciting robotics activities and hear from our researchers about their most recent advancements in their areas of interest - highlights include soft robotics, flying solar-copters, micro swarm robots, articulated prosthetics for children, robot co-workers for the factory environment, tactile sensing, haptic tele-operation, wearable robots and much more. The event is open to everyone with an interest in the growing field of robotics, be it just curiosity or your professional interest in robotics. On the day, you will see the newly opened robotics laboratory, be able to attend a range of talks by the experts on applications of robotics and meet the Queen Mary research faculty during the networking reception in the historical Octagon hall of QMUL. The event will take place on Thursday, June 29, 2017 at QMUL Mile End campus in London, UK.
 
The day will start with demonstrations in the  robotics laboratory space and will continue with our public engagement talks and interactive demonstrations from QMUL researchers in  the Octagon hall. The event is a part of the UK Robotics Week and is co-sponsored by the Centre for Public Engagement, the School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) and the School of Engineering and Materials Science (SEMS) of QMUL.
 
Join us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ARQ.QMUL

Programme, 29/06/2017

Robotics lab visit and demonstrations, venue: ARQ lab (see access details below)
(List of lab demonstrations: soft robotic manipulator, robotic prosthesis, haptics and tactile sensing, wearable robotics, etc TBD)
12:00 - 14:00 Lab open for school children (please register in advance, as places a limited).
14:00 - 15:30 Lab open for all members of public.
 
Talks "Robotics for Society", Demonstrations and Networksing reception, venue: Octagon (16:00-20:00)
15:45-16:00 Welcome tea/coffee reception
16:05-16:15 Introduction of ARQ and robotics activities at QMUL, Professor Kaspar Althoefer, Head of ARQ
16:15-17:05 Autonomous robots: motivations, challenges and impact of an emerging technologyProfessor Paolo Fiorini, University of Verona, Italy (details below)
 
coffee/tea break (15 mins)
 
17:20-17:30 Fly by the Sun: The ‘Solarcopter’ prototype, Dr Hassan Shaheed (ARQ, SEMS, QMUL)
17:30-17:40 Predicting behaviour from eye movements, Dr Isabelle Mareschal (ARQ, SBCS, QMUL)
17:40-17:50 Cognitive robots that learn like humans and from humansDr Lorenzo Jamone (ARQ, EECS, QMUL) 
17:50-18:00 Robots physically interacting with people, Dr Ildar Farkhatdinov (ARQ, EECS, QMUL)
18:00-18:15 Soft roboticsProfessor Kaspar Althoefer (ARQ, EECS/SEMS, QMUL)
 
Interactive demonstrations and networking reception, venue: Octagon, 18:10-20:0
(List of interactive demonstrations: augmented musical instruments, robotics for manufacturing, soft robots, TBC)
 
Invited Keynote talk details (16:20-17:10):
Autonomous robots: motivations, challenges and impact of an emerging technology
Professor Paolo Fiorini, University of Verona, Italy, IEEE Fellow
 
Abstract. Autonomous robots are under active research and scrutiny, because they capture the interest and imagination of large communities and have great potential impact on lifestyles, occupation and societal organization. Since the road to autonomy is long and difficult, it is likely that specific sectors, mostly professional, will lead the way by gradually introducing semi-autonomous features into existing robotic products. As it happened in the past, robotic surgery is a candidate to lead this process because it addresses a very small market segment, its users are experienced and sophisticated professionals, and there is a demand of novel features in surgical robotic products. In this talk I will discuss some of the motivations for the introduction of autonomous robots in surgery and in other fields, and the many technical challenges that need to be overcome. Since ethical and social aspects of robotic autonomy will determine the acceptance of this new technology, I will also report on the on-going discussion among the stakeholders about introducing autonomous robots into the job market.
Biography. Paolo Fiorini, received the Laurea degree in Electronic Engineering from the University of Padova, (Italy), the MSEE from the University of California at Irvine (USA), and the Ph.D. in ME from UCLA (USA). From 1985 to 2000, he was with NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, where he worked on autonomous and teleoperated systems for space experiments and exploration. In 2001 returned to Italy at the School of Science of the University of Verona (Italy) where is a Full Professor of Computer Science. His research focuses on teleoperation for surgery, space, service and exploration robotics, with particular emphasis on the theoretical and practical problems of high safety applications, such as space and surgical robots. In 2001 he founded the ALTAIR robotics laboratory, which has been awarded several EU and Italian grants, including projects on robotic surgery, such as Accurobas, Safros, Isur, and Eurosurge. In 2009, he founded the company Surgica Robotica for the development of a new generation of surgical robots that received the CE certification for abdominal surgery in 2012. He is an IEEE Fellow (2009).

Seminar: Spatial Perception for Mobile Robots 

 
When: April 12, 15:00-16:00
Where: Room GC 222, Graduate Centre (new building 18, see campus map), QMUL Mile End campus
The seminar is open to all.
 
Abstract: Mobile robots need dedicated sensing and processing for localisation and mapping as well as scene understanding. Recent years have brought tremendous advances in vision sensors (e.g. RGB-D cameras) and processing power (e.g. GPUs) that have led us to design new algorithms that will empower the next generation of mobile robots. With the arrival of deep learning, we are furthermore now in the position to link respective unprecedented performance in scene understanding with 3D mapping. In this talk, I will go through some recent algorithms and software we have developed as well as their application to mobile robots, including drones.
Bio: I am a Lecturer in the Dyson Robotics Lab, Imperial College London, co-leading it with Andrew Davison. My research is centered around autonomous robot navigation: robots need dedicated sensing capabilities as well as algorithms for localisation inside a potentially unknown environment. I received a BSc and MSc in Mechanical Engineering from ETH Zurich in 2006, 2008, respectively, and a PhD in 2014, working at the Autonomous Systems Lab of ETH Zurich on Unmanned Solar Airplanes: Design and Algorithms for Efficient and Robust Autonomous Operation.
 

 

Title: How humans communicate through touch
by Dr Atsushi Takagi, Human Robotics group, Bioengineering, Imperial College London

When: Friday, Feb. 3, 2017, 15:00-16:00
Where: Room 4.02, Computer science building (Bancroft Road Teaching Rooms), 4th floor (card free access from Bancroft road entrance)

Abstract: We interact with humans on a daily basis using several senses. The least studied of these is touch, like when parents assist a child to take their first steps, and during tango dancing. In this talk, I will shed some light on the mechanism of physical coordination through experiments and by simulating human behaviour computationally. First, I highlight the need to control the cognitive biases that affect the behaviour of interacting pairs. Then, I provide evidence that humans infer a partner's intentions through touch, and show how a robot imbued with this ability could assist patients undertaking physiotherapy.

Bio: Atsushi Takagi received his MSc in Physics in 2011 from Imperial College London, where he also received his PhD in 2016 on the "Mechanism of interpersonal sensorimotor interaction" which examined how pairs, like during Tango dancing, coordinate their actions. He uncovered the mechanism that enables physically interacting partners to exchange certain information through haptics or touch.