School of Physics and Astronomy

Foundations of relativistic cosmology

Research Group:Astronomy Unit

Number of Students:1

Length of Study in Years: 3-4

Full-time Project: yes


QM Scholarship

Project Description:

Understanding the behaviour of the universe on the largest scales requires a detailed and careful application of relativity theory. This involves understanding the consequences of the existence of structure in the universe on its large-scale expansion, as well as how to model and constrain the gravitational interaction on cosmological scales.

For the Astronomy Unit PhD application process see


Key elements of a PhD project might typically include:

  • Constructing inhomogeneous cosmological models, and studying their behaviour on large scales.
  • Finding ways to constrain the gravitational interaction on cosmological scales, and understanding the consequences of deviating away from Einstein's theory.
  • Determining the consequences of interpreting cosmological observations within broader theoretical frameworks, and understanding what this means for the evidence for dark energy.


The normal minimum entry requirement is an upper second class honours degree in Physics, Astronomy or Astrophysics, Mathematics, or in a subject with substantial physics and/or mathematics content. Candidates with alternative qualifications or an appropriate level of research experience gained in the workplace may also be accepted, subject to College approval.

SPA Academics: Timothy Clifton