School of Physics and Astronomy

Dr Mark Baxendale


Reader in Nanotechnology

Telephone: 020 7882 5795
Room Number: G.O. Jones Building, Room 122


Research Interests:

My research interests

My overarching research interest is in self-organisation and emergent phenomena in the physical and life sciences. Nanotechnology - the understanding, characterisation, and manipulation of matter on the scale of several atoms to large macromolecules - is the vehicle for this activity. My prime focus is on the science and applications nanoscale carbon macromolecules (fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphene) - considered to be the archetypal building blocks of nanotechnology - in the physical and life sciences. I also have the related interests: nano-bio interface phenomena, percolation in molecular networks, quantum electronic phenomena, and nanoscale magnetism.

Magnetic nanotubes for cancer therapy and imaging, Materials Today, March 2015

Accidental 'urchin' nanoparticle discovery could lead to a revolution in manufacturing, Kurzweil, September 2013



Fabrication of cm scale buckypapers of horizontally aligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes highly filled with Fe3C: the key roles of Cl and Ar-flow rates.
Boi FS, Guo J, Wang S et al.
Chem Commun (Camb), Volume 52, issue 22, page 4195, 18th March 2016.
DOI: 10.1039/c5cc10533a


Length and α-Fe Content Control of Self-Organised Ferromagnetic Nanowires Encapsulated by Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes by Low Flow-Rate CVD
Peci T, Baxendale M
Carbon, 19th November 2015.
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2015.11.038

Iron-filled multiwalled carbon nanotubes surface-functionalized with paramagnetic Gd (III): A candidate dual-functioning MRI contrast agent and magnetic hyperthermia structure
Peci T, Dennis TJS, Baxendale M
Carbon, Volume 87, issue C, page 226, 1st February 2015.
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2015.01.052


Controlling the quantity of α-Fe inside multiwall carbon nanotubes filled with Fe-based crystals: The key role of vapor flow-rate
Boi FS, Maugeri S, Guo J et al.
Applied Physics Letters, Volume 105, issue 24, page 243108, 15th December 2014.
DOI: 10.1063/1.4904839

Applications, composites, and devices: general discussion.
Bikkarolla SK, Baxendale M, Ewels C et al.
Faraday Discuss, Volume 173, page 429, 1st January 2014.
DOI: 10.1039/C4FD90046D

Boundary layer chemical vapour synthesis of self-organised ferromagnetically filled radial-carbon-nanotube structures.
Boi FS, Wilson RM, Mountjoy G et al.
Faraday Discuss, Volume 173, page 67, 1st January 2014.
DOI: 10.1039/c4fd00071d

Synthesis in gas and liquid phase: general discussion.
Davies P, Papakonstantinou P, Martin N et al.
Faraday Discuss, Volume 173, page 115, 1st January 2014.
DOI: 10.1039/c4fd90042a


The origin of long-period lattice spacings observed in iron-carbide nanowires encapsulated by multiwall carbon nanotubes.
Boi FS, Mountjoy G, Luklinska Z et al.
Microsc Microanal, Volume 19, issue 5, page 1298, 1st October 2013.
DOI: 10.1017/S1431927613001918

Boundary layer chemical vapor synthesis of self-organized radial filled-carbon-nanotube structures
Boi FS, Mountjoy G, Baxendale M
Carbon, Volume 64, page 516, 7th August 2013.
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2013.08.001

High electrical conductance enhancement in Au-nanoparticle decorated sparse single-wall carbon nanotube networks.
McAndrew CF, Baxendale M
Nanotechnology, Volume 24, issue 30, page 305202, 2nd August 2013.
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/30/305202

Multiwall carbon nanotubes continuously filled with micrometre-length ferromagnetic α-Fe nanowires
Boi FS, Mountjoy G, Wilson RM et al.
Carbon, 1st January 2013.
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2013.07.085


Synthesis and characterisation of nickel nanorods for cold cathode fluorescent lamps
Feizi E, Scott K, Baxendale M et al.
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 1st January 2012.
DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2012.05.066


Oriented UHMW-PE/CNT Composite Tapes by a Solution Casting-Drawing Process Using Mixed-Solvents
Ciselli P, Zhang R, Wong Z et al.
European Polymer Journal, Volume 45, issue 10, page 2741, 1st October 2009.
DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2009.06.004

Quantum conductance in double-wall carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition
Baxendale M, Battini P, Pollini I et al.
PHYS REV B, Volume 80, issue 12, 1st September 2009.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.125411

Conductive network formation in the melt of carbon nanotube/thermoplastic polyurethane composite
Zhang R, Dowden A, Deng H et al.
COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, Volume 69, issue 10, page 1499, 1st August 2009.
DOI: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.11.039

Variable range hopping in oxygen-exposed single-wall carbon nanotube networks (vol 205, pg 1394, 2008)
Morgan C, Alemipour Z, Baxendale M
PHYS STATUS SOLIDI A, Volume 206, issue 7, page 1678, 1st July 2009.
DOI: 10.1002/pssa.200925122


Variable range hopping in oxygen-exposed single-wall carbon nanotube networks
Morgan C, Alemipour Z, Baxendale M
PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI A-APPLICATIONS AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, Volume 205, issue 6, page 1394, 1st June 2008.
DOI: 10.1002/pssa.200778113


Quantum conductance in single- and double-wall carbon nanotube networks
Baxendale M, Melli M, Alemipour Z et al.
J APPL PHYS, Volume 102, issue 10, 15th November 2007.
DOI: 10.1063/1.2817623

Selection of Application Specific Single and Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes by In Situ Characterization of Conductive and Field Emission Properties
Andzane J, Tobin JM, Li Z et al.
Journal of Nanotechnology Online, 14th November 2007.
DOI: 10.2240/azojono0123

Universal resistivity-strain dependence of carbon nanotube/polymer composites
Zhang R, Baxendale M, Peijs T
PHYS REV B, Volume 76, issue 19, 1st November 2007.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.76.195433


Carbon Nanotubes and Bucky Materials
1st January 2005.


Flow linear dichroism to probe binding of aromatic molecules and DNA to single-walled carbon nanotubes.
Rajendra J, Baxendale M, Dit Rap LG et al.
J Am Chem Soc, Volume 126, issue 36, page 11182, 15th September 2004.
DOI: 10.1021/ja048720j

Electronic Properties and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes
BAXENDALE M, Laurent C, Ahlskog C et al.
page 139, 1st January 2004.


The physics and applications of carbon nanotubes
Baxendale M
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS, Volume 14, issue 10-12, page 657, 1st October 2003.
DOI: 10.1023/A:1026158432563

Biomolecular applications of carbon nanotubes.
Baxendale M
IEE Proc Nanobiotechnol, Volume 150, issue 1, page 3, 1st June 2003.
DOI: 10.1049/ip-nbt:20030576


Enhanced electron field emission in B-doped carbon nanotubes
Charlier JC, Terrones M, Baxendale M et al.
NANO LETT, Volume 2, issue 11, page 1191, 1st November 2002.
DOI: 10.1021/nl0256457


Growth of individual carbon composite nanostructures on the faceted TiC(111) surface
Gunster J, Baxendale M, Otani S et al.
SURF SCI, Volume 494, issue 1, page L781, 10th November 2001.
DOI: 10.1016/S0039-6028(01)01508-4


Field emission properties of nanocomposite carbon nitride films
Alexandrou I, Baxendale M, Rupesinghe NL et al.
J VAC SCI TECHNOL B, Volume 18, issue 6, page 2698, 1st November 2000.
DOI: 10.1116/1.1322043

Thermoelectric power of aligned and randomly oriented carbon nanotubes
BAXENDALE M, Lim KG, Amaratunga GAJ
Physical Review B, Volume 61, issue 19, page 12705, 1st May 2000.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.61.12705


Electrical and Rheological Percolation of PMMA/MWCNT Nanocomposites as a Function of CNT Geometry and Functionality
McClory C, McNally T, BAXENDALE M et al.
Eur. Polymer J., Volume 46, issue 5, page 854, DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2010.02.009

Fabrication and Property Prediction of Conductive and Strain Sensing TPU/CNT Nanocomposite Fibres
Bilotti E, Zhang R, Deng H et al.
Journal of Materials Chemistry, Volume 20, page 9449, DOI: 10.1039/C0JM01827A

Magnetoresistive Phenomena on Fe-Filled Carbon Nanotube/Elastomer Composites
Hudziak S, Darfeuille A, Zhang R et al.
Nanotechnology, Volume 21, page 125505, DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/21/12/125505