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Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry


Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry is uniquely placed to carry out research with relevance to health inequalities. Below are links to research, authorship and media engagement related to health inequalities.

April 2021

Yes, there is structural racism in the UK – COVID-19 outcomes prove it
Article in The Conversation by Dr Vanessa Apea and Dr Yzie Wan 


March 2021

Dementia death risk is higher among the socioeconomically deprived
A large proportion of dementia deaths in England and Wales may be due to socioeconomic deprivation, according to new research led by Dr Charles Marshall from the Wolfson Institute

Gender disparities in coronavirus disease 2019 clinical trial leadership
Less than one-third of COVID-19 clinical trials are led by women, according to lead researcher Professor Chloe Orkin of the Blizard Institute. Queen Mary news story. 

Implicit bias in healthcare: clinical practice, research and decision making
Royal College of Physicians Future Healthcare Journal paper from Institute of Public Health Sciences academics
The paper is summarised in a quick scrollable format here.

Why Is Covid Killing People of Colour? 
Actor David Harewood investigates what the high Covid-19 death rates in black and minority ethnic patients reveal about health inequality in modern Britain in a new BBC documentary. This documentary includes an interview with Professor Adrian Martineau of the Blizard Institute , regarding vitamin D deficiency and whether this is one of the reasons that BAME communities have been affected. Interview Professor Martineau from 10:50 minutes. 


February 2021

Challenging gender bias in research
BMJ blog piece by Dr Sara Calderon of the Blizard Institute


January 2021

Ethnicity and outcomes in patients hospitalised with COVID-19 infection in East London: an observational cohort study
BMJ Open study from School of Medicine and Dentistry researchers. This study is one of the most comprehensive studies exploring COVID-19 outcomes in black, Asian and minority ethnic populations so far reported including evaluation of linked comorbid and socioeconomic risk factors

Patients from Asian and black backgrounds are more likely to die from COVID-19, large study reveals
Queen Mary news story on above research published in BMJ Open

Racial inequalities of COVID-19 laid bare in study of East London hospitals
Article in The Conversation by study authors Dr Vanessa Apea & Dr Yize Wan

Black, Asian and ethnic minority Brits were up to 50% more likely to die from Covid at peak of first wave than white Britons
Daily Mail article on above research published in BMJ Open

Gender disparities in COVID-19 clinical trial leadership
Lead Author: Professor Chloe Orkin, Blizard Institute


October 2020

Honouring the slaves experimented on by the ‘father of gynaecology’
Heidi Downes, from the Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, has written a piece for The Conversation on the history behind gynaecological experiments how we can make sure we continue to stand up against racial bias in healthcare.


September 2020

Why is race still in the British blood pressure guidelines?
Opinion piece from Dr Dipesh Gopal, Honorary Research Fellow at Institute of Population Health Sciences, on how ethnic minorities are treated differently when it comes to blood pressure guidelines in the UK.

Prevalence of suspected COVID-19 infection in patients from ethnic minority populations: a cross-sectional study in primary care
Lead author: Dr Sally Hull, Institute of Population Health Sciences

GPs recorded three times more suspected coronavirus cases than official figures
Daily Mail article referencing above study


August 2020

COVID-19, domestic violence and abuse, and urgent dental and oral and maxillofacial surgery care
Lead author: Professor Paul Coulthard, Dean for Dentistry

Effect of mammographic screening from age 40 years on breast cancer mortality (UK Age trial): final results of a randomised, controlled trial
Lead author: Professor Stephen Duffy, Wolfson Institute

Why British women desperately need earlier breast cancer screening
Telegraph article on above study by Professor Stephen Duffy

Architecture of the heart different between women and men and with age
British Heart Foundation news article on study by led by Dr Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, William Harvey Research Institute

Super-scan spots heart problems in women faster: Breakthrough technique could detect issues more quickly after research revealed unique differences in the organ in males and females
Daily Mail news article on abve study by led by Dr Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, William Harvey Research Institute


July 2020

The coronavirus divide: Why five groups are dying more than they should
In this Sky News article, Professor Seif Shaheen, Blizard Institute, explores the link between increased Covid-19 infection rates and BAME communities (Section 5 of article)

Covid-19 impact on ethnic minorities linked to housing and air pollution
Guardian article with Professors Christopher Griffiths and Jonathan Grigg, Blizard Institute


June 2020

Ethnicity and outcomes in patients hospitalised with COVID-19 infection in East London: an observational cohort study
Preprint article from Blizard and William Harvey Research Institute researchers

Greater risk of severe COVID-19 in Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic populations is not explained by cardiometabolic, socioeconomic or behavioural factors, or by 25(OH)-vitamin D status: study of 1326 cases from the UK Biobank
Research study by Dr Zahra Raisi-Estabragh and Prof Steffen Petersen from the William Harvey Research Institute

Coronavirus: South Asian people most likely to die in hospital
BBC article on the above study, by Dr Zahra Raisi-Estabragh and Prof Steffen Petersen from the William Harvey Research Institute

Obesity and covid-19: the role of the food industry
BMJ article from Professors Feng He and Graham MacGregor, and Monique Tan, PhD researcher, William Harvey Research Institute

Obesity is a major risk factor in people becoming severely ill or dying from Covid-19.
Telegraph article reporting on the above study from William Harvey Research Institute researchers

UK public health bodies reviewing vitamin D's effects on coronavirus
Guardian article in which Professor Adrian Martineau says deaths among BAME NHS staff have brought the question of vitamin D deficiency to the fore. 


May 2020

Suspected COVID-19 in primary care: how GP records contribute to understanding differences in prevalence by ethnicity
Preprint article by Dr Sally Hull, Reader in Primary Care, Institute of Population Health Studies

Genetic analysis of thousands of coronavirus patients may explain huge differences in case severity 
Reuters article on the Genomics England study led by Professor Sir Mark Caulfield, William Harvey Research Institute

Training GPs to identify domestic violence leads to dramatic increase in finding victims 
A training programme that teaches GPs how to identify domestic violence and abuse (DVA) victims has led to a 30-fold increase in DVA referrals, according to a collaborative study of 205 general practices led by Queen Mary University of London, in partnership with the Centre for Academic Primary Care, Bristol Medical School.