Reaction: oxaloacetate + 2 Na+[side 1] = pyruvate + CO2 + 2 Na+[side 2]
Other name(s): oxaloacetate β-decarboxylase (ambiguous); oxalacetic acid decarboxylase (ambiguous); oxalate β-decarboxylase (ambiguous); oxaloacetate carboxy-lyase (ambiguous)
Systematic name: oxaloacetate carboxy-lyase (pyruvate-forming; Na+-extruding)
Comments: The enzyme from the bacterium Klebsiella aerogenes is a biotinyl protein and also decarboxylates glutaconyl-CoA and methylmalonyl-CoA. The process is accompanied by the extrusion of two sodium ions from cells. Some animal enzymes require Mn2+. Differs from EC 188.8.131.52 (oxaloacetate decarboxylase) for which there is no evidence for involvement in Na+ transport.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Dimroth, P. Characterization of a membrane-bound biotin-containing enzyme: oxaloacetate decarboxylase from Klebsiella aerogenes. Eur. J. Biochem. 115 (1981) 353-358. [PMID: 7016536]
2. Dimroth, P. The role of biotin and sodium in the decarboxylation of oxaloacetate by the membrane-bound oxaloacetate decarboxylase from Klebsiella aerogenes. Eur. J. Biochem. 121 (1982) 435-441. [PMID: 7037395]