Reaction: trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline = (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate + H2O
Glossary: 1-pyrroline = 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrrole
Systematic name: trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline hydro-lyase
Comments: The enzyme has been characterized from the bacterium Peptoclostridium difficile. The active form contains a glycyl radical that is generated by a dedicated activating enzyme via chemistry involving S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) and a [4Fe-4S] cluster.
1. Levin, B.J., Huang, Y.Y., Peck, S.C., Wei, Y., Martinez-Del Campo, A., Marks, J.A., Franzosa, E.A., Huttenhower, C. and Balskus, E.P. A prominent glycyl radical enzyme in human gut microbiomes metabolizes trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline. Science 355 (2017) . [PMID: 28183913]