IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 4.1.3.43

Accepted name: 4-hydroxy-2-oxohexanoate aldolase

Reaction: (S)-4-hydroxy-2-oxohexanoate = propanal + pyruvate

Other name(s): BphI

Systematic name: (S)-4-hydroxy-2-oxohexanoate pyruvate-lyase (propanal-forming)

Comments: Requires Mn2+ for maximal activity [1,2]. The enzymes from the bacteria Burkholderia xenovorans and Thermus thermophilus also perform the reaction of EC 4.1.3.39, 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase [1,2,6]. The enzyme forms a bifunctional complex with EC 1.2.1.87, propanal dehydrogenase (CoA-propanoylating), with a tight channel connecting the two subunits [3,4,6].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:

References:

1. Baker, P., Pan, D., Carere, J., Rossi, A., Wang, W. and Seah, S.Y.K. Characterization of an aldolase-dehydrogenase complex that exhibits substrate channeling in the polychlorinated biphenyls degradation pathway. Biochemistry 48 (2009) 6551-6558. [PMID: 19476337]

2. Wang, W., Baker, P. and Seah, S.Y.K. Comparison of two metal-dependent pyruvate aldolases related by convergent evolution: substrate specificity, kinetic mechanism, and substrate channeling. Biochemistry 49 (2010) 3774-3782. [PMID: 20364820]

3. Baker, P., Carere, J. and Seah, S.Y.K. Probing the molecular basis of substrate specificity, stereospecificity, and catalysis in the class II pyruvate aldolase, BphI. Biochemistry 50 (2011) 3559-3569. [PMID: 21425833]

4. Carere, J., Baker, P. and Seah, S.Y.K. Investigating the molecular determinants for substrate channeling in BphI-BphJ, an aldolase-dehydrogenase complex from the polychlorinated biphenyls degradation pathway. Biochemistry 50 (2011) 8407-8416. [PMID: 21838275]

5. Baker, P. and Seah, S.Y.K. Rational design of stereoselectivity in the class II pyruvate aldolase BphI. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134 (2012) 507-513. [PMID: 22081904]

6. Baker, P., Hillis, C., Carere, J. and Seah, S.Y.K. Protein-protein interactions and substrate channeling in orthologous and chimeric aldolase-dehydrogenase complexes. Biochemistry 51 (2012) 1942-1952. [PMID: 22316175]

[EC 4.1.3.43 created 2013]


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