IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: 8-oxo-dGDP phosphatase

Reaction: (1) 8-oxo-dGDP + H2O = 8-oxo-dGMP + phosphate
(2) 8-oxo-GDP + H2O = 8-oxo-GMP + phosphate

Glossary: 8-oxo-dGDP = 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-diphosphate

Other name(s): NUDT5; MTH3 (gene name); NUDT18

Systematic name: 8-oxo-dGDP phosphohydrolase

Comments: The enzyme catalyses the hydrolysis of both 8-oxo-dGDP and 8-oxo-GDP thereby preventing translational errors caused by oxidative damage. The preferred in vivo substrate is not known. The enzyme does not degrade 8-oxo-dGTP and 8-oxo-GTP to the monophosphates (cf. EC, 8-oxo-dGTP diphosphatase) [1,2]. Ribonucleotide diphosphates and deoxyribonucleotide diphosphates are hydrolysed with broad specificity. The bifunctional enzyme NUDT5 also hydrolyses ADP-ribose to AMP and D-ribose 5-phosphate (cf. EC, ADP-ribose diphosphatase) [4]. The human enzyme NUDT18 also hydrolyses 8-oxo-dADP and 2-hydroxy-dADP, the latter at a slower rate [6].

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:


1. Ishibashi, T., Hayakawa, H., Ito, R., Miyazawa, M., Yamagata, Y. and Sekiguchi, M. Mammalian enzymes for preventing transcriptional errors caused by oxidative damage. Nucleic Acids Res. 33 (2005) 3779-3784. [PMID: 16002790]

2. Ishibashi, T., Hayakawa, H. and Sekiguchi, M. A novel mechanism for preventing mutations caused by oxidation of guanine nucleotides. EMBO Rep. 4 (2003) 479-483. [PMID: 12717453]

3. Kamiya, H., Hori, M., Arimori, T., Sekiguchi, M., Yamagata, Y. and Harashima, H. NUDT5 hydrolyzes oxidized deoxyribonucleoside diphosphates with broad substrate specificity. DNA Repair (Amst) 8 (2009) 1250-1254. [PMID: 19699693]

4. Ito, R., Sekiguchi, M., Setoyama, D., Nakatsu, Y., Yamagata, Y. and Hayakawa, H. Cleavage of oxidized guanine nucleotide and ADP sugar by human NUDT5 protein. J. Biochem. 149 (2011) 731-738. [PMID: 21389046]

5. Zha, M., Zhong, C., Peng, Y., Hu, H. and Ding, J. Crystal structures of human NUDT5 reveal insights into the structural basis of the substrate specificity. J. Mol. Biol. 364 (2006) 1021-1033. [PMID: 17052728]

6. Takagi, Y., Setoyama, D., Ito, R., Kamiya, H., Yamagata, Y. and Sekiguchi, M. Human MTH3 (NUDT18) protein hydrolyzes oxidized forms of guanosine and deoxyguanosine diphosphates: comparison with MTH1 and MTH2. J. Biol. Chem. 287 (2012) 21541-21549. [PMID: 22556419]

[EC created 2012]

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