Reaction: R-CN + 2 H2O = R-COOH + NH3
Systematic name: aliphatic nitrile aminohydrolase
Comments: preferentially hydrolyses aliphatic nitriles, some of which are apparently not substrates for other known nitrilases (EC 22.214.171.124). Substrates include crotononitrile, acrylonitrile and glutaronitrile.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 395644-15-2
1. Kobayashi, M., Yanaka, N., Nagasawa, T., Yamada, H. Primary structure of an aliphatic nitrile-degrading enzyme, aliphatic nitrilase from Rhodococcus rhodochrous K22 and expression of its gene and identification of its active site residue. Biochemistry 31 (1992) 9000-9007. [PMID: 1390687]
2. Pace, H.C. and Brenner, C. The nitrilase superfamily: classification, structure and function. Genome Biol. 2 (2001) 0001.1-0001.9. [PMID: 11380987]