Reaction: [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (2-methylpropanoyl-transferring)] phosphate + H2O = [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (2-methylpropanoyl-transferring)] + phosphate
Glossary: lipoyl group
Other name(s): branched-chain oxo-acid dehydrogenase phosphatase; branched-chain 2-keto acid dehydrogenase phosphatase; branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase phosphatase; BCKDH; [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide)]-phosphatase
Systematic name: [3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (2-methylpropanoyl-transferring)]-phosphate phosphohydrolase
Comments: A mitochondrial enzyme associated with the 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase complex. Simultaneously dephosphorylates and activates EC 18.104.22.168 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (2-methylpropanoyl-transferring), that has been inactivated by phosphorylation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 87244-20-0 and 88086-29-7
1. Fatania, H.R., Patston, P.A. and Randle, P.J. Dephosphorylation and reactivation of phosphorylated purified ox-kidney branched-chain dehydrogenase complex by co-purified phosphatase. FEBS Lett. 158 (1983) 234-238. [PMID: 6307746]
2. Reed, L.J., Damuni, Z. and Merryfield, M.L. Regulation of mammalian pyruvate and branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes by phosphorylation-dephosphorylation. Curr. Top. Cell. Regul. 27 (1985) 41-49. [PMID: 3004826]