Reaction: geranylgeranyl diphosphate + protein-cysteine = S-geranylgeranyl-protein + diphosphate
Other name(s): GGTaseII; Rab geranylgeranyltransferase; RabGGTase
Systematic name: geranylgeranyl-diphosphate:protein-cysteine geranyltransferase
Comments: This enzyme, along with protein farnesyltransferase (EC 22.214.171.124) and protein geranylgeranyltransferase type I (EC 126.96.36.199), constitutes the protein prenyltransferase family of enzymes. Attaches geranylgeranyl groups to two C-terminal cysteines in Ras-related GTPases of a single family, the Rab family (Ypt/Sec4 in lower eukaryotes) that terminate in XXCC, XCXC and CCXX motifs. Reaction is entirely dependent on the Rab substrate being bound to Rab escort protein (REP). Post-translational modification with the geranylgeranyl moiety is essential for Rab GTPases to be able to control the processes of membrane docking and fusion .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 135371-29-8 (same as EC 188.8.131.52)
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