Reaction: geranylgeranyl diphosphate + sn-glycerol 1-phosphate = diphosphate + 3-(O-geranylgeranyl)-sn-glycerol 1-phosphate
For diagram of reaction, click here
Glossary: sn-glyceryl phosphate = sn-glycerol 1-phosphate = (S)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl dihydrogen phosphate
Other name(s): glycerol phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase; geranylgeranyl-transferase (ambiguous); prenyltransferase (ambiguous); (S)-3-O-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase; (S)-geranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate synthase; GGGP synthase; (S)-GGGP synthase; GGGPS; geranylgeranyl diphosphate:sn-glyceryl phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase; geranylgeranyl diphosphate:sn-glycerol-1-phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase
Systematic name: geranylgeranyl-diphosphate:sn-glycerol-1-phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase
Comments: This cytosolic enzyme catalyses the first pathway-specific step in the biosynthesis of the core membrane diether lipids in archaebacteria . Requires Mg2+ for maximal activity . It catalyses the alkylation of the primary hydroxy group in sn-glycerol 1-phosphate by geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP) in a prenyltransfer reaction where a hydroxy group is the nucleophile in the acceptor substrate . The other enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of polar lipids in Archaea are EC 184.108.40.2061 (sn-glycerol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase), EC 220.127.116.11 (geranylgeranylglycerol-phosphate geranylgeranyltransferase) and EC 18.104.22.168 (CDP-archaeol synthase), which lead to the formation of CDP-unsaturated archaeol. The final step in the pathway involves the addition of L-serine, with concomitant removal of CMP, leading to the production of unsaturated archaetidylserine .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 124650-69-7
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