IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature

EC 2.4.1.288

Accepted name: galactofuranosylgalactofuranosylrhamnosyl-N-acetylglucosaminyl-diphospho-decaprenol β-1,5/1,6-galactofuranosyltransferase

Reaction: 28 UDP-α-D-galactofuranose + β-D-galactofuranosyl-(1→5)-β-D-galactofuranosyl-(1→4)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-trans,octacis-decaprenol = 28 UDP + [β-D-galactofuranosyl-(1→5)-β-D-galactofuranosyl-(1→6)]14-β-D-galactofuranosyl-(1→5)-β-D-galactofuranosyl-(1→4)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-trans,octacis-decaprenol

For diagram of reaction click here.

Other name(s): GlfT2

Systematic name: UDP-α-D-galactofuranose:β-D-galactofuranosyl-(1→5)-β-D-galactofuranosyl-(1→4)-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-trans,octacis-decaprenol 4-β/5-β-D-galactofuranosyltransferase

Comments: Isolated from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The enzyme adds approximately twenty-eight galactofuranosyl residues with alternating 1→5 and 1→6 links forming a galactan domain with approximately thirty galactofuranosyl residues. Involved in the formation of the cell wall in mycobacteria.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:

References:

1. Rose, N.L., Zheng, R.B., Pearcey, J., Zhou, R., Completo, G.C. and Lowary, T.L. Development of a coupled spectrophotometric assay for GlfT2, a bifunctional mycobacterial galactofuranosyltransferase. Carbohydr. Res. 343 (2008) 2130-2139. [PMID: 18423586]

2. May, J.F., Splain, R.A., Brotschi, C. and Kiessling, L.L. A tethering mechanism for length control in a processive carbohydrate polymerization. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106 (2009) 11851-11856. [PMID: 19571009]

3. Wheatley, R.W., Zheng, R.B., Richards, M.R., Lowary, T.L. and Ng, K.K. Tetrameric structure of GlfT2 reveals a scaffold for the assembly of mycobacterial arabinogalactan. J. Biol. Chem. (2012) . [PMID: 22707726]

[EC 2.4.1.288 created 2012]


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