Reaction: acetyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + NADPH + H+ = 6-methylsalicylate + 4 CoA + 3 CO2 + NADP+ + H2O
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): MSAS; 6-methylsalicylic acid synthase
Systematic name: acyl-CoA:malonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating, oxoacyl-reducing, thioester-hydrolysing and cyclizing)
Comments: A multienzyme complex with a 4'-phosphopantetheine prosthetic group on the acyl carrier protein. It has a similar sequence to vertebrate type I fatty acid synthase. Acetoacetyl-CoA can also act as a starter molecule.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 9045-37-8
1. Spencer, J.B. and Jordan, P.M. Purification and properties of 6-methylsalicylic acid synthase from Penicillium patulum. Biochem. J. 288 (1992) 839-846. [PMID: 1471999]
2. Child, C.J., Spencer, J.B., Bhogal, P. and Shoolingin-Jordan, P.M. Structural similarities between 6-methylsalicylic acid synthase from Penicillium patulum and vertebrate type I fatty acid synthase: evidence from thiol modification studies.Biochemistry 35 (1996) 12267-74 [PMID: 8823160]
3. Richardson, M.T., Pohl, N.L., Kealey, J.T. and Khosla, C. Tolerance and specificity of recombinant 6-methylsalicyclic acid synthase. Metab. Eng. 1 (1999) 180-187. [PMID: 10935930]