IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature


Accepted name: histone H3 lysine-4 N-trimethyltransferase

Reaction: 3 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a [histone H3]-L-lysine4 = 3 S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a [histone H3]-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine4 (overall reaction)
(1a) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a [histone H3]-L-lysine4 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a [histone H3]-N6-methyl-L-lysine4
(1b) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a [histone H3]-N6-methyl-L-lysine4 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a [histone H3]-N6,N6-dimethyl-L-lysine4
(1c) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + a [histone H3]-N6,N6-dimethyl-L-lysine4 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + a [histone H3]-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine4

Other name(s): KMT2A (gene name); KMT2B (gene name); KMT2C (gene name); KMT2D (gene name); KMT2E (gene name); KMT2F (gene name); KMT2G (gene name); KMT2H (gene name); KMT3C (gene name); KMT3D (gene name); KMT3E (gene name); KMT7 (gene name); PRDM7 (gene name); PRDM9 (gene name); MLL1 (gene name); MLL2 (gene name); MLL3 (gene name); MLL4 (gene name); MLL5 (gene name); SETD1A (gene name); ASH1L (gene name); SMYD1 (gene name); SMYD2 (gene name); SMYD3 (gene name); SET7/9 (gene name)

Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:[histone H3]-L-lysine4 N6-methyltransferase

Comments: This entry describes several enzymes that successively methylate the L-lysine4 residue of histone H3 (H3K4), ultimately generating a trimethylated form. These modifications influence the binding of chromatin-associated proteins. In most cases the trimethylation of this position is associated with gene activation. Unlike the other enzymes, KMT7 catalyses only monomethylation.

Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:


1. Nakamura, T., Mori, T., Tada, S., Krajewski, W., Rozovskaia, T., Wassell, R., Dubois, G., Mazo, A., Croce, C.M. and Canaani, E. ALL-1 is a histone methyltransferase that assembles a supercomplex of proteins involved in transcriptional regulation. Mol. Cell 10 (2002) 1119-1128. [PMID: 12453419]

2. Xiao, B., Jing, C., Wilson, J.R., Walker, P.A., Vasisht, N., Kelly, G., Howell, S., Taylor, I.A., Blackburn, G.M. and Gamblin, S.J. Structure and catalytic mechanism of the human histone methyltransferase SET7/9. Nature 421 (2003) 652-656. [PMID: 12540855]

3. Hamamoto, R., Furukawa, Y., Morita, M., Iimura, Y., Silva, F.P., Li, M., Yagyu, R. and Nakamura, Y. SMYD3 encodes a histone methyltransferase involved in the proliferation of cancer cells. Nat. Cell Biol. 6 (2004) 731-740. [PMID: 15235609]

4. Blazer, L.L., Lima-Fernandes, E., Gibson, E., Eram, M.S., Loppnau, P., Arrowsmith, C.H., Schapira, M. and Vedadi, M. PR domain-containing protein 7 (PRDM7) is a histone 3 lysine 4 trimethyltransferase. J. Biol. Chem 291 (2016) 13509-13519. [PMID: 27129774]

[EC created 2019]

Return to EC 2.1.1 home page
Return to EC 2.1 home page
Return to EC 2 home page
Return to Enzymes home page
Return to IUBMB Biochemical Nomenclature home page