Reaction: 2 CoA + NADP+ = CoA-disulfide + NADPH + H+
Other name(s): CoA-disulfide reductase (NADH2); NADH2:CoA-disulfide oxidoreductase; CoA:NAD+ oxidoreductase (misleading); CoADR; coenzyme A disulfide reductase
Systematic name: CoA:NADP+ oxidoreductase
Comments: A flavoprotein. Not identical with EC 220.127.116.11 (cystine reductase), EC 18.104.22.168 (glutathione-disulfide reductase) or EC 22.214.171.124 (bis-γ-glutamylcystine reductase). The enzyme from the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus has a strong preference for NADPH , while the bacterium Bacillus megaterium contains both NADH and NADPH-dependent enzymes .
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, PDB, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 206770-55-0
1. Setlow, B. and Setlow, P. Levels of acetyl coenzyme A, reduced and oxidized coenzyme A, and coenzyme A in disulfide linkage to protein in dormant and germinated spores and growing and sporulating cells of Bacillus megaterium. J. Bacteriol. 132 (1977) 444-452. [PMID: 410791]
2. delCardayré, S.B., Stock, K.P., Newton, G.L., Fahey, R.C. and Davies, J.E. Coenzyme A disulfide reductase, the primary low molecular weight disulfide reductase from Staphylococcus aureus. Purification and characterization of the native enzyme. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 5744-5751. [PMID: 9488707]
3. Luba, J., Charrier, V. and Claiborne, A. Coenzyme A-disulfide reductase from Staphylococcus aureus: evidence for asymmetric behavior on interaction with pyridine nucleotides. Biochemistry 38 (1999) 2725-2737. [PMID: 10052943]