Reaction: a very-long-chain acyl-CoA + NADP+ = a very-long-chain trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + NADPH + H+
Glossary: a very-long-chain acyl-CoA = an acyl-CoA thioester where the acyl chain contains 23 or more carbon atoms.
Other name(s): TSC13 (gene name); CER10 (gene name)
Systematic name: very-long-chain acyl-CoA:NADP+ oxidoreductase
Comments: This is the fourth component of the elongase, a microsomal protein complex responsible for extending palmitoyl-CoA and stearoyl-CoA (and modified forms thereof) to very-long-chain acyl CoAs. cf. EC 18.104.22.168, very-long-chain 3-oxoacyl-CoA synthase, EC 22.214.171.1240, very-long-chain 3-oxoacyl-CoA reductase, and EC 126.96.36.199, very-long-chain (3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, PDB, CAS registry number:
1. Kohlwein, S.D., Eder, S., Oh, C.S., Martin, C.E., Gable, K., Bacikova, D. and Dunn, T. Tsc13p is required for fatty acid elongation and localizes to a novel structure at the nuclear-vacuolar interface in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol. Cell Biol. 21 (2001) 109-125. [PMID: 11113186]
2. Gable, K., Garton, S., Napier, J.A. and Dunn, T.M. Functional characterization of the Arabidopsis thaliana orthologue of Tsc13p, the enoyl reductase of the yeast microsomal fatty acid elongating system. J. Exp. Bot. 55 (2004) 543-545. [PMID: 14673020]
3. Kvam, E., Gable, K., Dunn, T.M. and Goldfarb, D.S. Targeting of Tsc13p to nucleus-vacuole junctions: a role for very-long-chain fatty acids in the biogenesis of microautophagic vesicles. Mol. Biol. Cell 16 (2005) 3987-3998. [PMID: 15958487]
4. Zheng, H., Rowland, O. and Kunst, L. Disruptions of the Arabidopsis Enoyl-CoA reductase gene reveal an essential role for very-long-chain fatty acid synthesis in cell expansion during plant morphogenesis. Plant Cell 17 (2005) 1467-1481. [PMID: 15829606]