Reaction: L-arogenate + NADP+ = L-tyrosine + NADPH + CO2
For diagram click here.
Glossary: L-arogenate = 1-[(2S)-2-amino-2-carboxyethyl]-4-hydroxycyclohexa-2,5-diene-1-carboxylate
Other name(s): arogenic dehydrogenase (ambiguous); pretyrosine dehydrogenase (ambiguous); TyrAAT1; TyrAAT2; TyrAa
Systematic name: L-arogenate:NADP+ oxidoreductase (decarboxylating)
Comments: Arogenate dehydrogenases may utilize NAD+ (EC 220.127.116.11), NADP+ (EC 18.104.22.168), or both EC 22.214.171.124). NADP+-dependent enzymes usually predominate in higher plants.The enzyme from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 and the TyrAAT1 isoform of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana cannot use prephenate as a substrate, while the Arabidopsis isoform TyrAAT2 can use it very poorly [2,3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 64295-75-6
1. Gaines, C.G., Byng, G.S., Whitaker, R.J. and Jensen, R.A. L-Tyrosine regulation and biosynthesis via arogenate dehydrogenase in suspension-cultured cells of Nicotiana silvestris Speg. et Comes. Planta 156 (1982) 233-240.
2. Rippert, P. and Matringe, M. Purification and kinetic analysis of the two recombinant arogenate dehydrogenase isoforms of Arabidopsis thaliana. Eur. J. Biochem. 269 (2002) 4753-4761. [PMID: 12354100]
3. Bonner, C.A., Jensen, R.A., Gander, J.E. and Keyhani, N.O. A core catalytic domain of the TyrA protein family: arogenate dehydrogenase from Synechocystis. Biochem. J. 382 (2004) 279-291. [PMID: 15171683]