Reaction: 2 formaldehyde + H2O = formate + methanol
Other name(s): aldehyde dismutase; cannizzanase; nicotinoprotein aldehyde dismutase
Systematic name: formaldehyde:formaldehyde oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme contains a tightly but noncovalently bound NADP(H) cofactor, as well as Zn2+ and Mg2+. Enzyme-bound NADPH formed by oxidation of formaldehyde to formate is oxidized back to NADP+ by reaction with a second formaldehyde, yielding methanol. The enzyme from the bacterium Mycobacterium sp. DSM 3803 also catalyses the reactions of EC 188.8.131.52, alcohol dehydrogenase (nicotinoprotein) and EC 184.108.40.206, methanol dehydrogenase (nicotinoprotein) . Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde can act as donors; formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and propanal can act as acceptors [1,2].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number:
1. Kato, N., Shirakawa, K., Kobayashi, H. and Sakazawa, C. The dismutation of aldehydes by a bacterial enzyme. Agric. Biol. Chem. 47 (1983) 39-46.
2. Kato, N., Yamagami, T., Shimao, M. and Sakazawa, C. Formaldehyde dismutase, a novel NAD-binding oxidoreductase from Pseudomonas putida F61. Eur. J. Biochem. 156 (1986) 59-64. [PMID: 3514215]
3. Park, H., Lee, H., Ro, Y.T. and Kim, Y.M. Identification and functional characterization of a gene for the methanol : N,N'-dimethyl-4-nitrosoaniline oxidoreductase from Mycobacterium sp. strain JC1 (DSM 3803). Microbiology 156 (2010) 463-471. [PMID: 19875438]