Reaction: indole + [reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + O2 = indolin-2-one + [reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase] + H2O
For diagram of reaction click here.
Other name(s): BX2 (gene name); CYP71C4 (gene name)
Systematic name: indole,[reduced NADPHhemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (2-hydroxylating)
Comments: A cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) protein. The enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of protective and allelophatic benzoxazinoids in some plants, most commonly from the family of Poaceae (grasses).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number:
1. Frey, M., Chomet, P., Glawischnig, E., Stettner, C., Grün, S., Winklmair, A., Eisenreich, W., Bacher, A., Meeley, R.B., Briggs, S.P., Simcox, K. and Gierl, A. Analysis of a chemical plant defense mechanism in grasses. Science 277 (1997) 696-699. [PMID: 9235894]
2. Glawischnig, E., Grun, S., Frey, M. and Gierl, A. Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases of DIBOA biosynthesis: specificity and conservation among grasses. Phytochemistry 50 (1999) 925-930. [PMID: 10385992]