Reaction: a (2R)-hydroxy-carboxylate + acceptor = a 2-oxo-carboxylate + reduced acceptor
Other name(s): (2R)-hydroxycarboxylate-viologen-oxidoreductase; HVOR; 2-oxoacid reductase
Systematic name: (2R)-hydroxy-carboxylate:acceptor oxidoreductase
Comments: Contains [4Fe-4S] and a mononucleotide molybdenum (pyranopterin) cofactor. Has broad substrate specificity, with 2-oxo-monocarboxylates and 2-oxo-dicarboxylates acting as substrates. Branching in a substrate at the C-3 position results in loss of activity. The enzyme from Proteus sp. is inactivated by oxygen.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 115299-99-5
1. Trautwein, T., Krauss, F., Lottspeich, F. and Simon, H. The (2R)-hydroxycarboxylate-viologen-oxidoreductase from Proteus vulgaris is a molybdenum-containing iron-sulphur protein. Eur. J. Biochem. 222 (1994) 1025-1032. [PMID: 8026480]
2. Neumann, S. and Simon, H. On a non-pyridine nucleotide-dependent 2-oxoacid reductase of broad specificity from two Proteus species. FEBS Lett.167 (1985) 29-32.