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Development and Global Health MA

This programme will allow you to blend established global health and development approaches to tackle issues of contemporary international development and global health politics. Global health crises demand solutions that move beyond established public health responses. This programme will help you to contemplate more comprehensive solutions to the long-term developmental needs of local communities.

  • Challenge conventional ways of approaching questions of global health and international development, while also considering alternative ways of promoting and securing advances in human well-being
  • Gain a detailed understanding of emerging debates and agendas within development and global health policy and practice
  • Engage with world-leading academics in the School of Geography, with opportunities to take electives in the School of Medicine & Dentistry and the School of Business Management
  • Develop field-based research skills through a field trip to Mumbai or Geneva

Study options

Starting in
September 2021
Location
Mile End
Fees
UK: £10,450
International: £19,250
Starting in
September 2021
Location
Mile End
Fees
UK: £5,250
International: £9,650
The course fee is charged per annum for 2 years. Note that fees may be subject to an increase on an annual basis - see details on our tuition fees page.

What you'll study

You will gain a solid grounding in geographical thought and practice, and will consider issues of the geography of global health. You will be challenged to examine the intersections between questions of international development and global health, using a critical geographical approach to question established theories, practices and policies. There will be opportunities to learn about new approaches to global public health and project management through interdisciplinary elective modules.

You will experience training and one-to-one tailored supervision as you develop independent desk-based and field research through a dissertation.

You will be able to extend your understanding of these topics through optional field trip to Mumbai and Geneva. You will also be able to develop your research skills and experiences by undertaking an independent research project and fieldwork. This will be supported by research training as well as one-to-one tailored supervision from experienced researchers.

You will have the opportunity to attend weekly research seminars and research framework sessions with top-level academic researchers.

This programme also offers students the opportunity to undertake an unpaid internship with London International Development Centre (LIDC) while studying. LIDC will take on up to 4 Masters students as interns per year. Learn more here.

Additional costs

There is an optional field trip, either to Geneva, Switzerland or to Mumbai in India. Students are responsible for paying the costs of flights, accommodation and living expenses. In 2018/19 the Mumbai trip cost approximately £1,200 and the Geneva trip cost approximately £350.

Your dissertation can include fieldwork conducted in the UK or overseas, and you would be responsible for the costs associated with this.

Structure

  • Three compulsory modules
  • Two to three elective modules
  • Compulsory 12,000-word dissertation

For full module information see the Module Directory.

Programme changes for 2020

At Queen Mary, we have been adapting to the challenges of Covid-19 so we are ready for the new academic year, with all the academic, pastoral and community support you need to settle in and thrive. For your chosen programme of study, the result is an innovative blended learning offering, giving you access to a world-class education whether or not you can join us on campus from September. For more information, please visit our dedicated FAQ pages.

In addition, at a programme level, we have suspended the optional 'Geneva Field Class' module and the optional 'Researching Development in Practice: Mumbai' fieldtrip module.

Please note that the modules listed below are for students starting the programme in September 2020.

Coronavirus FAQs

Coronavirus FAQs

Advice and guidance for applicants

Guidance for students and applicants

Compulsory/Core modules

Geographical Thought and Practice

This module provides subject-specific research training in human geography and will cover core understanding of key concepts and approaches to human geography research; subject specific research and transferable skills; and qualitative and quantitative, subject specific methodological and presentation techniques. This module will equip students with the skills necessary to design and implement an extended piece of primary research.

Retheorising Global Development

This module will provide the theoretical framework underpinning all the modules for this programme. Teaching will be divided into 4 blocks each examining key substantive themes: (i) Hybrid worlds seminars will introduce students to key debates challenging the academic and disciplinary divides between economic and development geography. In particular these seminars will challenge the representation of the global South as a collection of people and places in need of development intervention and where geographic theory and knowledge travels to, and the economy as only operating in and through advanced economies. These seminars will encourage students to challenge these boundaries and recognise an increasingly interconnected global South and North. (ii) Gendered development futures seminars will focus on the gendered history of development highlighting the critical junctures at which the discipline has been engendered. It will introduce students to key gender and development theories and approaches and the changing nature and politics of gender scholarship. (iii) Citizenship, justice and democracy will focus on questions of contemporary citizenships and their position with regards to democracy and rights. Detailing feminist and postcolonial frameworks, it will highlight the uneven geographies and experiences of democracy, citizenship and rights. (iv) Transnational migration and mobilities will introduce students to contemporary theoretical approaches to migration and mobility focusing particularly on transnational theory. Unpacking the complex mobilities of people, commodities and money, these seminars will particularly focus on migrant remittances illustrating the increasingly contested nature of these flows in relation to the migration-development nexus and the 'financialisation of development'.

Dissertation 12,000 Words

The module provides an opportunity to undertake a substantial piece of original research on a subject that directly relates to your interests within geography. Following a period of consultation with your supervisor you will develop a topic that relates to your studies and then be given the skills to conduct detailed theoretical and empirical research on that topic. The research may include quantitative or qualitative approaches and include fieldwork and archival research.

Global Health Geographies

Global Health Geographies provides the opportunity to engage with the remarkable health challenges that face the world we live in today. Organised around central themes which outline the shift from international health to global health and identify the importance of geographical analyses to this transformation, the module draws on core geographical concerns with people, place, space, power and justice to promote critical encounters with the interdisciplinary field of global health.

Elective modules

Researching Development in Practice: Mumbai Unbound

This innovative fieldwork-based module challenges the long-standing academic division of labour between 'economic' and 'development' geographers, and instead builds an alternative hybrid approach, operationalised through an empirical focus on urban change in Mumbai, one of India's Tier I cities. PGT students will be expected to devise their own projects and site visits in Mumbai in relation to these themes. Teaching is focused around a series of core themes: (i) Mumbai's dual economy, in which low-end, low-paid local service providers such as janitors, security guards, cleaners, and laundry underpin the success of high profile, multinational corporations in the financial services, hospitality and IT sectors; (ii) work and employment in India's high profile Business Process Outsourcing - IT-Enabled Services Industry; (iii) the growth of India's new middle classes, new patterns of consumption amongst these classes and their inscriptions in the urban fabric; and (iv) poverty and hope in Mumbai's slums, focusing around informal economies of survival amongst different social and ethnic groups in Dharavi; diverse informal economies related to leather, itinerant waste collectors and pottery and NGO projects to improve well-being and quality of life within Mumbai¿s slums.

Migration and Mobilities

This module explores theoretical, empirical and policy dimensions of patterns and processes of migration and mobilities in a global context and consciously across the global North/global South 'divide' from a scalar, relational and networked perspective. Although the focus will be on the nature and dynamics of contemporary movement of people, the module will also incorporate an analysis of the movement of information, goods and capital as framed within the 'new mobilities paradigm'. Theoretically, the module analyses the key framings of contemporary migration in relation to transnationalism, diaspora and post-national citizenship. In turn, it will interrogate the nature and links between transnationalism, multiculturalism and/or integration; the migration-development nexus; the politics of irregularity and 'illegality'; the relationships between the emergence of global cities and a migrant division of labour; the nature of global gendered mobilities and power and mobility as well as the interrelations between conflict, violence and mobility.

Global working lives

The module explores the economic-development geographies of people's everyday struggles to make a living in the contemporary global economy. Drawing on research within and across the Global North and Global South, this module engages with an exciting 'labour geographies' research agenda, concerned with how workers are capable of fashioning the geography of capitalism to suit their own needs and self-production; and to identify geographical possibilities and labour market strategies through which 'workers may challenge, outmaneuver and perhaps even beat capital' in different locations. The module seeks to expose the spatial limits of mainstream 'universal' theories in geography which presume that 'the economy' and 'labour' can be theorised solely from the perspective of the formal spaces of advanced capitalist economies in the global North.

Researching Global Health: Geneva Fieldclass

This innovative fieldwork-based module offers a critical introduction to the vast endeavour of global health policy through a particular focus on the position of Geneva as a centre of decision-making. Through lectures, seminars and independent study, students will develop a policy critique of the work of one global health organisation based in Geneva. Students will conduct site visits to this and other organisations on the field class, with this original research feeding into the submission of an assessed policy critique.

Project Management

The module will focus on project management techniques, methodologies, theories appropriate to projects that deliver complex outcomes in a context of high uncertainty on the desired result. The module will also provide team and teaming management principles and practices needed to obtain the desired project management results within time, budget and quality. Students will be encouraged to take advantage of opportunities to earn an accreditation for project management and the course will prepare students for this additional examination.

Health Inequalities and Social Determinants of Health

This module will examine the theories and evidence underpinning social inequalities in health (defined as the unfair and avoidable differences in health status). It will consider structural/material and psychosocial theories, and hypothesis about social drift, self-selection, and genetics. Attention is given to the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health. Sources of data and measurement of scale of inequalities between and within groups are addressed. The module will consider association with income and distribution of money, resources, and power at global, national, and local level. Policy interventions and their different approaches will be explored including universal and targeted or selective approaches to reducing inequalities by reducing the inequitable distribution of power, money, and resources.

Health Systems Policy and Practice

In this module we address the fundamental public health question of how best to finance and organise health systems in order to achieve universal health coverage and the effective delivery of comprehensive PHC. We will be particularly concerned with the ways in which health care systems differ from the perspective of access to services among different social groups within the population, and also with the distributive effects of different organising principles such as market and public control. The relationship between health systems and the Primary Health Care Approach will be covered, as well as key debates around the interface between aid, global health governance and national health systems. This module will also cover the essential economic theories used to inform health systems policy.

Anthropology and Global Health

The module will introduce key theoretical themes and concepts in anthropology which relate to global health issues. A range of topics will be presented which demonstrate how anthropologists have understood global health issues as biological, cultural and social in nature. The content will include theoretical perspectives in medical anthropology, illness narratives, biopolitics, pharmaceutical governance, health citizenship, structural violence and social suffering, medical technologies, global mental health, the anthropology of communicable and non-communicable disease, medical pluralism, and the anthropology of bioethics.

Planetary Health and International Health Policy

This module will introduce the student to historically grown concepts of ecological global health. It gives an overview of scientific background on planetary boundaries in relation to health and sustainable development, allowing people to comprehend and apply the analysis to case studies. The module will begin with a human rights approach to health and environmental justice as a tool for critical analysis of the complex interrelationship of historically grown political, economic, cultural and social factors that have impacted the planetary system, putting health of people at risk. It will engage with public policy, international relations, health centred global environmental governance and medical anthropological approaches to health and environment to provide students with the necessary tools to engage in current local, national, regional and global affairs.

Gender, Sexuality and Health

Recent media coverage and debate over female genital mutilation, trafficking, circumcision, gender reassignment, trans issues, and LGBTQI healthcare provision, have moved gender and sexuality to be central issues in health and human rights. Often in public health and medicine, through the adopting of a biomedical model, 'gender' is coupled with `woman¿ and heterosexuality assumed. Public and academic debate, though, regularly unpacks, even attacks, these assumptions. This module responds to such shifts and debates, encouraging students to explore contemporary issues around gender, sexuality and health in society through seminars and self-directed research. Students will be able to critique recent developments and theories, synthesizing different approaches to articulate the broad array of potential developments around gender and sexuality in public and global health policy and practice. This module aims to develop and deepen the students' knowledge and skills regarding gender and sexuality around global health policy and practice. It aims to develop an understanding of the diversity of conceptions and debates inside and around global health in responding to challenges to traditional and biomedical understandings of sex, gender, and sexuality, and to allow students to re-evaluate their own approaches and assumptions using appropriate theories and experiences. It aims to develop in students an understanding of the current debates, encouraging them to reflect on challenges and corresponding political and social movements. Students will be able to critique recent developments and theories, synthesizing different approaches to articulate novel developments, interventions and policies. The module aims also to allow students to conduct a piece of research on a topic of their own interest or from a list of suggestions, developing both their research practice and allowing engagement with contemporary or critical issues.

Global Health, Governance and Law

The protection of public health at the national and subnational level often depends significantly on various decisions made at the international or global level by regimes, including those related to trade, finance, law, diplomacy and inter-governmental relations. Such regimes can have a profound impact on the determinants of health as experienced within countries, at the national and local levels, and have become increasingly important as a result of ever-deepening forms of `globalisation¿ and the threat of global hazards to health such as large-scale global environmental change. This module provides an introduction to the disciplines of international relations, international politics, international jurisprudence, globalization and global governance as they relate to global health. It will examine the content and operation of various supra-national policy instruments, structures, institutions and processes, and place these within the context of the right to health and contemporary controversies and topical issues being confronted by the global health community.

Assessment

  • 67% Modules
  • 33% Dissertation
  • Assessment on each of the modules is through a variety of coursework assignments ranging from extended essays to reviews
  • You will also complete a 12,000-word dissertation. An academic supervisor from the School of Geography will provide guidance and advice

Dissertation

Examples of past projects include: 

  • The Magic Number Zero…
  • How the Global Gag Rule Impacts Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings: A Case Study from The Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Rethinking COVID-19 from the Global South: Engaging Local Responses to the Coronavirus Pandemic in Kenya.
    Louise Cox, Development and Global Health MA, 2019

    I wanted to be at a University that encouraged diversity and had students from abroad. In terms of Global Health, having students from different countries helped challenge my privileged ideology of ‘health’. I loved the depth it covered. I enjoyed being constantly challenged in my views. I enjoyed the complexity of the subjects and thrived on challenging myself both academically but personally.

    Louise Cox, Development and Global Health MA, 2019

    Teaching

    Teaching for all modules includes a mixture of formal lectures and small group seminars.

    You will receive tailored research supervision and training. You will also be given the opportunity to participate in optional field trips to Mumbai or Geneva to further develop field research skills. 

    Some optional modules will include evening classes (5-7pm) and you may experience some intensive teaching periods. 

    If you choose to study part-time, the number of modules you take is reduced per semester. The full number of modules you need to complete the programme will be spread over two academic years.

    We received 100% for teaching categories in the 2019 Postgraduate Taught Experience Survey (PTES). Learn more about our PTES results.

    Where you'll learn

    Facilities

    • Use dedicated Masters study and computing spaces within the School of Geography.

    • Access specialist qualitative, quantitative, and GIS computing software to support your learning and research.

    • Access an unparalleled range of learning resources, special collections, and world-leading libraries within QMUL and the University of London, such as the QMUL LibrarySenate House Library. Other specialist collections are accessible nearby, for example at the British Library.

    Campus

    Teaching is based at Queen Mary’s main Mile End campus, one of the largest self-contained residential campuses in the capital. Our location in the heart of London’s East End offers a rich cultural environment.

    We have invested £105m in new facilities over the past five years to offer our students an exceptional learning environment. Recent developments include the £39m Graduate Centre, providing 7,700 square metres of learning and teaching space.

    The campus is 15 minutes by tube from central London, where you will have access to many of the University of London’s other facilities, such as Senate House.

    Our new Graduate Centre
    Our new Graduate Centre

    About the School

    School of Geography

    Geography has been taught at Queen Mary since 1894, making us one of the longest-established schools of geography in the UK. Today, we are one of the leading centres for geographical scholarship. We were ranked 11th overall for our excellence in the latest UK research rankings and fifth for the quality of our staff’s research publications (Research Excellence Framework 2014).

    Set in the heart of one of London’s most vibrant and diverse areas, the School is ideally placed for studying the capital’s people, places, cultures and environment, as well as being a global hub for geographical expertise. We have a culturally diverse and inclusive postgraduate community. 

    We pride ourselves on our close links with external partners including the Environment Agency, the Geffrye Museum of the HomeCitizens UK and Natural England.

    The School of Geography received the Athena SWAN bronze award in September 2016.

    Contact us

    School of Geography

    Career paths

    This programme will prepare you for a broad range of careers but will specifically deliver the research skills and substantive knowledge required by NGOs, development organisations, national government departments and academic research roles. Previous graduates have gone onto undertake PhDs and further professional training as humanitarian doctors. They have also worked in an environmental waste management department, in consultancy, as a trader and marketer and in management.

     

    Fees and Funding

    Full-time study

    September 2021 | 1 year

    • Home: £10,450
    • International: £19,250

    Part-time study

    September 2021 | 2 years

    • Home: £5,250
    • International: £9,650
    The course fee is charged per annum for 2 years. Note that fees may be subject to an increase on an annual basis - see details on our tuition fees page.

    Queen Mary alumni get a £1,000 discount on their fees. Find out more about the Alumni Loyalty Award

    Funding

    There are a number of ways you can fund your postgraduate degree.

    Our Advice and Counselling service offers specialist support on financial issues, which you can access as soon as you apply for a place at Queen Mary. Before you apply, you can access our funding guides and advice on managing your money:

    Entry Requirements

    UK

    Degree requirements

    A 2:1 or above at undergraduate level in a relevant subject.

    Other routes

    Candidates that do not currently meet the set entry requirements may also have the option to study the Graduate Diploma in Humanities and Social Sciences. Meeting the required grades on completion of this programme will provide a pathway to study MA Development and Global Health.

    Find out more about how to apply for our postgraduate taught courses.

    International

    Afghanistan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Master Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90%; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Albania
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

    Algeria
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licence; Diplome de [subject area]; Diplome d'Etudes Superieures; Diplome de Docteur end Pharmacie; or Diplome de Docteur en Medecine from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Angola
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Grau de Licenciado/a (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 17 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 15 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 13 out of 20

    Argentina
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo/ Grado de Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 7.5 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

    Armenia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 87 out of 100
    UK 2:1 degree: 75 out of 100
    UK 2:2 degree: 61 out of 100

    Australia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) or Bachelor Honours degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: High Distinction; or First Class with Honours
    UK 2:1 degree: Distinction; or Upper Second Class with Honours
    UK 2:2 degree: Credit; or Lower Second Class with Honours

    Austria
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 1.5 out of 5.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 2.5 out of 5.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5.0

    The above relates to grading scale where 1 is the highest and 5 is the lowest.

    Azerbaijan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90%; or GPA 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or GPA 4 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or GPA 3.5 out of 5

    Bahamas
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from the University of West Indies.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
    UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
    UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

    Bahrain
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or 90 out of 100
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or 80 out of 100
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.3 out of 4.0; or 74 out of 100

    Bangladesh
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.2 to 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 to 3.3 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.3 to 2.7 out of 4.0

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  For some institutions/degrees we will ask for different grades to above, so this is only a guide. 

    Barbados
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from the University of West Indies, Cave Hill or Barbados Community College.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours*; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0**
    UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours*; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0**
    UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours*; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0**

    *relates to: the University of West Indies, Cave Hill.

    **relates to: Barbados Community College.

    Belarus
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9 out of 10; or 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 7 out of 10; or 4 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 5 out of 10; or 3.5 out of 5

    Belgium
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 80% or 16/20*; or 78%**
    UK 2:1 degree: 70% or 14/20*; or 72%**
    UK 2:2 degree: 60% or 12/20*; or 65%**

    *Flanders (Dutch-speaking)/ Wallonia (French-speaking)
    **German-speaking

    Belize
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from the University of West Indies.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
    UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
    UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

    Benin
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Maitrise or Masters from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Bolivia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Bachiller Universitario or Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 85%* or 80%**
    UK 2:1 degree: 75%* or 70%**
    UK 2:2 degree: 65%* or 60%**

    *relates to: Titulo de Bachiller Universitario

    **relates to: Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] 

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8.5 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7.5 out of 10

    Botswana
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 5 years) or Master Degree from the University of Botswana.

    UK 1st class degree: 80%
    UK 2:1 degree: 70%
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%

    Brazil
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Título de Bacharel / Título de [subject area] or Título de Licenciado/a (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 8.25 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 7.5 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

    The above grades assumes that the grading scale has a pass mark of 5.

    Brunei
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
    UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
    UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

    Bulgaria
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 5.75 out of 6.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 4.75 out of 6.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 4.0 out of 6.0

    Burundi
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 85%; or 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 75%; or 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%; or 12 out of 20

    Cambodia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 80%; or GPA 3.5 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 70%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%; or GPA 2.35 out of 4.0

    Cameroon
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree; Licence; Diplome d'Etudes Superieures de Commerce; Diplome d'Ingenieur de Conception/ Travaux; Doctorat en Medecine/ Pharmacie; or Maitrise or Master 1 from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20; or GPA 3.6 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Canada
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Bachelor Honours Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.6 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.2 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Chile
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Grado de Licenciado en [subject area] or Titulo (Professional) de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 6.5 out of 7
    UK 2:1 degree: 5.5 out of 7
    UK 2:2 degree: 5 out of 7

    China
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 85 to 95%
    UK 2:1 degree: 75 to 85%
    UK 2:2 degree: 70 to 80%

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  Generally, we do not accept applications from students studying at Affiliate Colleges.

    Colombia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado en [subject area] or Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.60 out of 5.00
    UK 2:1 degree: 4.00 out of 5.00
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.50 out of 5.00

    Congo, Dem. Rep. of
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies or Diplome d'Etudes Speciales from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20; or 90%
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20; or 80%
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20; or 70%

    Congo, Rep. of
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Etudes Superieures or Maitrise from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Costa Rica
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachiller or Licenciado from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7.5 out of 10

    Croatia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Advanced Diploma of Higher Education Level VII/1 (Diploma - Visoko obrazovanje) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.5 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 4 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 3 out of 5

    Cuba
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/ Arquitecto/ Doctor/ Ingeniero from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 4 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

    Cyprus
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 8 out of 10; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 7.0 out of 10; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 6.0 out of 10; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Czech Republic
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 1.2 out of 4
    UK 2:1 degree: 1.5 out of 4
    UK 2:2 degree: 2.5 out of 4

    The above relates to grading scale where 1 is the highest and 4 is the lowest.

    Denmark
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 12 out of 12 (2007 onwards); or 11 out of 13 (before 2007)
    UK 2:1 degree: 7 out of 12 (2007 onwards); or 8 out of 13 (before 2007)
    UK 2:2 degree: 4 out of 12 (2007 onwards); or 7 out of 13 (before 2007)

    Dominican Republic
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 95/100
    UK 2:1 degree: 85/100
    UK 2:2 degree: 78/100

    Ecuador
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90%; or 9/10; or 19/20; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or 8/10; or 18/20; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or 7/10; or 14/20; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Egypt
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 85%; or GPA 3.7 out of 4
    UK 2:1 degree: 75%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4
    UK 2:2 degree: 65%; or GPA 2.5 out of 4

    El Salvador
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 5 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 8.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 7.5 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

    Eritrea
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Estonia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree; University Specialist's Diploma; or Professional Higher Education Diploma from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.5 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 3.5 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 2 out of 5

    The above grades assumes that 1 is the pass mark. 

    Eswatini
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 80%
    UK 2:1 degree: 70%
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%

    Ethiopia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Fiji
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from one of the following institutions: Fiji National University, the University of Fiji, or the University of South Pacific, Fiji.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.0 out of 5.0*; or overall grade A with High Distinction pass**; or GPA 4.0 out of 4.5***
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.33 out of 5.0*; or overall grade B with Credit pass**; or GPA 3.5 out of 4.5***
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.33 out of 5.0*; or overall grade S (Satisfactory)**; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.5***

    *relates to Fiji National University

    **relate to the University of Fiji

    ***relates to the University of South Pacific, Fiji

    Finland
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree/ Kandidaatti/ Kandidat (minimum 180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution; or Bachelor degree (Ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/ Yrkeshögskoleexamen) from a recognised University of Applied Sciences.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.5 out of 5; or 2.8 out of 3
    UK 2:1 degree: 3.5 out of 5; or 2 out of 3
    UK 2:2 degree: 2.5 out of 5; or 1.4 out of 3

    France
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licence; Grade de Licence; Diplome d'Ingenieur; or Maitrise from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 12 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 11 out of 20

    Gambia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 80%; or GPA 4.0 out of 4.3
    UK 2:1 degree: 67%; or GPA 3.3 out of 4.3
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%; or GPA 2.7 out of 4.3

    Georgia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 91 out of 100; or 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 81 out of 100; or 4 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 71 out of 100; or 3.5 out of 5

    Germany
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 1.5 out of 5.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 2.5 out of 5.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5.0

    The above relates to grading scale where 1 is the highest and 5 is the lowest.

    Ghana
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class
    UK 2:1 degree: Second Class (Upper Division)
    UK 2:2 degree: Second Class (Lower Division)

    Greece
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Degrees from recognised selected institutions in the University sector or Degrees (awarded after 2003) from recognised Technological Educational Institutes.

    UK 1st class degree: 8 out of 10*; or 9 out of 10**
    UK 2:1 degree: 7 out of 10*; or 7.5 out of 10**
    UK 2:2 degree: 6 out of 10*; or 6.8 out of 10**

    *Relates to degrees from the University Sector.
    **Relates to degrees from Technological Educational Institutes.

    Grenada
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from the University of West Indies.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
    UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
    UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

    Guatemala
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90%
    UK 2:1 degree: 80%
    UK 2:2 degree: 70%

    The above grades assumes that the pass mark is 61% or less.

    Guinea
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Master; Maitrise; Diplome d'Etudes Superieures; or Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Guyana
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Graduate Diploma (Postgraduate) or Masters degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Honduras
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/a / Grado Academico de Licenciatura (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90%; or 4.7 out of 5; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or 4.0 out of 5; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or 3.5 out of 5; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Hong Kong
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
    UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
    UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

    Hungary
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor degree (Alapfokozat) or University Diploma (Egyetemi Oklevel) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.75 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 4 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

    Iceland
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor degree (Baccalaureus or Bakkalarprof) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 8.25 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 7.25 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

    India
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 70% to 80%
    UK 2:1 degree: 60% to 70%
    UK 2:2 degree: 50% to 60%

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  For some institutions/degrees we will ask for different grades to above, so this is only a guide.  

    For India, offers may be made on the GPA scale.

    We do not consider the Bachelor of Vocation (B. Voc.) for Masters entry.

    Indonesia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Sarjna I (S1) Bachelor Degree or Diploma IV (D4) (minimum 4 years) from selected degree programmes and institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.6 to 3.8 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 to 3.2 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.67 to 2.8 out of 4.0

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from and the degree that you study.

    Iran
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 17.5 to 18.5 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 15 to 16 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 13.5 to 14 out of 20

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  

    Iraq
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 85 out of 100
    UK 2:1 degree: 75 out of 100
    UK 2:2 degree: 60 out of 100

    Ireland
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Honours Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
    UK 2:1 degree: Second Class Honours Grade I
    UK 2:2 degree: Second Class Honours Grade II

    Israel
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90%
    UK 2:1 degree: 80%
    UK 2:2 degree: 65%

    Italy
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Laurea (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 110 out of 110
    UK 2:1 degree: 105 out of 110
    UK 2:2 degree: 94 out of 110

    Cote D’ivoire (Ivory Coast)
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Ingenieur; Doctorat en Medicine; Maitrise; Master; Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies; or Diplome d'Etudes Superieures Specialisees from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Jamaica
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from the University of West Indies (UWI) or a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or First Class Honours from the UWI
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or Upper Second Class Honours from the UWI
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0; or Lower Second Class Honours from the UWI

    Japan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: S overall* or A overall**; or 90%; or GPA 3.70 out of 4.00
    UK 2:1 degree: A overall* or B overall**; or 80%; or GPA 3.00 out of 4.00
    UK 2:2 degree: B overall* or C overall**; or 70%; or GPA 2.3 out of 4.00

    *Overall mark is from the grading scale: S, A, B, C (S is highest mark)
    **Overall mark is from the grading scale: A, B, C, D (A is highest mark)

    Jordan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 85%; or GPA of 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 75%; or GPA of 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or GPA of 2.5 out of 4.0

    Kazakhstan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 3.8 out of 4.0/4.33; or 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 3.33 out of 4.0/4.33; or 4.0 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 2.67 out of 4.0/4.33; or 3.5 out of 5

    Kenya
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours; or GPA 3.6 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: Second Class Honours Upper Division; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: Second Class Honours Lower Division; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Kosovo
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8.5 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7.5 out of 10

    Kuwait
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.67 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.67 out of 4.0

    Kyrgyzstan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5; or GPA 3.7 out of 4
    UK 2:1 degree: 4.0 out of 5; or GPA 3.0 out of 4
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5; or GPA 2.4 out of 4

    Laos
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Latvia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (awarded after 2002) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 7.5 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 6 out of 10

    Lebanon
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree; Licence; or Maitrise from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90% or Grade A; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or 16 out of 20 (French system)
    UK 2:1 degree: 80% or Grade B; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or 13 out of 20 (French system)
    UK 2:2 degree: 70% or Grade C; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0; or 12 out of 20 (French system)

    Lesotho
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree (minimum 5 years total HE study); Masters Degree or Postgraduate Diploma from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 80%
    UK 2:1 degree: 70%
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%

    Liberia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90% or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 80% or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 70% or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Libya
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 85%; or 3.7 out of 4.0 GPA
    UK 2:1 degree: 75%; or 3.0 out of 4.0 GPA
    UK 2:2 degree: 65%; or 2.6 out of 4.0 GPA

    Liechtenstein
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 5.6 out of 6.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 5.0 out of 6.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 4.4 out of 6.0

    Lithuania
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

    Luxembourg
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Macau
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Licenciatura) (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Macedonia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diploma of Completed Higher Education - Level VII/1 or Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8.5 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

    Madagascar
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Maîtrise; Diplome d'Ingenieur; Diplôme d'Etat de Docteur en Médecine; Diplôme d’Etat de Docteur en Chirurgie Dentaire; Diplôme d'Études Approfondies; Diplôme de Magistère (Première Partie) – also known as Master 1; or Diplôme de Master – also known as Master 2 from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Malawi
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 80% or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 70% or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 60% or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Malaysia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: Class 1; or 3.7 out of 4.0 CGPA
    UK 2:1 degree: Class 2 division 1; or 3.0 out of 4.0 CGPA
    UK 2:2 degree: Class 2 division 2; or 2.6 out of 4.0 CGPA

    Maldives
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (awarded from 2000) from the Maldives National University.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Malta
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Bachelor Honours Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours; or Category I
    UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours; or Category IIA
    UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours; or Category IIB

    Mauritius
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: Class I; or 70%
    UK 2:1 degree: Class II division I; or 60%
    UK 2:2 degree: Class II division II; or 50%

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the grading scale used by your institution.

    Mexico
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/ Titulo (Profesional) de [subject area] from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.0 to 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8.0 to 8.5 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7.0 to 7.5 out of 10

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the grading scale your institution uses.

    Moldova
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Diploma de Licenta) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

    Monaco
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Mongolia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.6 out of 4.0; or 90%; or grade A
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.2 out of 4.0; or 80%; or grade B
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.8 out of 4.0; or 70%; or grade C

    Montenegro
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diploma of Completed Academic Undergraduate Studies; Diploma of Professional Undergraduate Studies; or Advanced Diploma of Higher Education from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8.5 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

    Morocco
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Ecoles Nationales de Commerce et de Gestion; Diplome de Docteur Veterinaire; Doctorat en Medecine; Docteur en Medecine Dentaire; Licence; Diplome d'Inegeniuer d'Etat; Diplome de Doctorat en Pharmacie; or Maitrise from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 13 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 11 out of 20

    Mozambique
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Grau de Licenciado (minimum 4 years) or Grau de Mestre from from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Myanmar
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 80% or GPA of 4.7 out of 5.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 70% or GPA of 4.0 out of 5.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 60% or GPA of 3.5 out of 5.0

    Namibia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree or Professional Bachelor Degree (NQF level 8 qualifications) - these to be awarded after 2008 from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 80%
    UK 2:1 degree: 70%
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%

    Nepal
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 80%; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 65%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 55%; or GPA of 2.4 out of 4.0

    Bachelor in Nursing Science are not considered equivalent to UK Bachelor degrees.

    Netherlands
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 8 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 7 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 6 out of 10

    New Zealand
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) or Bachelor Honours Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: A-*; or First Class Honours**
    UK 2:1 degree: B*; or Second Class (Division 1) Honours**
    UK 2:2 degree: C+*; or Second Class (Division 2) Honours**

    *from a Bachelor degree
    **from a Bachelor Honours degree

    Nigeria
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.50 out of 5.00; or GPA 6.0 out of 7.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.50 out of 5.00; or GPA 4.6 out of 7.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.80 out of 5.00; or GPA 3.0 out of 7.0

    Norway
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: Overall B grade with at least 75 ECTS (of 180 ECTS min overall) at grade A or above.
    UK 2:1 degree: Overall B grade
    UK 2:2 degree: Overall C grade

    Oman
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Pakistan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.0 to 3.8 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 2.6 to 3.6 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.0 to 3.0 out of 4.0

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  For some institutions/degrees we will ask for different grades to above, so this is only a guide. 

    Palestine, State of
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90% or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 80% or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 70% or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Panama
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 91%
    UK 2:1 degree: 81%
    UK 2:2 degree: 71%

    Papua New Guinea
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: Class I
    UK 2:1 degree: Class II, division A
    UK 2:2 degree: Class II, division B

    Paraguay
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado / Titulo de [professional title] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 4 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out fo 5

    Peru
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Grado Academico de Bachiller or Titulo de Licenciado/ Titulo (Professional) de [subject area] from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 17 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Philippines
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions or Juris Doctor; Bachelor of Laws; Doctor of Medicine; Doctor of Dentistry/ Optometry/ Veterinary Medicine; or Masters Degree from recognised institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 3.6 out of 4.0; or 94%; or 1.25 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 3.0 out of 4.0; or 86%; or 1.75 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 2.5 out of 4.0; or 80%; or 2.5 out of 5

    The above 'out of 5' scale assumes 1 is highest mark and 3 is the pass mark.

    Poland
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licencjat or Inzynier (minimum 3 years) - these must be awarded after 2001 from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.8 out of 5.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 4.5 out of 5.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.8 out of 5.0

    The above grades are based on the 2 to 5 scale, where 3 is the pass mark and 5 is the highest mark.

    Portugal
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado (minimum 180 ECTS credits) or Diploma de Estudos Superiores Especializados (DESE) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

    Puerto Rico
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90/100 or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 80/100 or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 70/100 or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Qatar
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or GPA 4.4 out of 5.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or GPA 3.6 out of 5.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0; or GPA 2.8 out of 5.0

    Romania
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.75 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8.0 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7.0 out of 10

    Russia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 4.0 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

    Rwanda
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 85%; or 17 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 70%; or 15 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%; or 13 out of 20

    Saudi Arabia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.75 out of 5.0; or GPA 3.75 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.75 out of 5.0; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 5.0; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Senegal
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Maîtrise; Master II; Diplôme d'Études Approfondies (DEA); Diplôme d'Études Supérieures Specialisées (DESS); Diplôme d'État de Docteur en Médecine; Diplôme d'Ingénieur; Diplôme de Docteur en Chirurgie Dentaire; or Diplôme de Pharmacien from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16/20
    UK 2:1 degree: 14/20
    UK 2:2 degree: 12/20

    Serbia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Advanced Diploma of Higher Education from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

    Sierra Leone
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Honours) or a Masters degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: First Class honours; or GPA 4.7 out of 5; or GPA 3.75 out of 4
    UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class honours; or GPA 4 out of 5; or GPA 3.25 out of 4
    UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours; or GPA 3.4 out of 5; or GPA 2.75 out of 4

    Singapore
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) or Bachelor Honours degree from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.3 out of 5.0; or GPA 3.6 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.8 out of 5.0; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 3.3 out of 5.0; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Slovakia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 93%; or 1 overall (on 1 to 4 scale, where 1 is highest mark)
    UK 2:1 degree: 86%; or 1.5 overall (on 1 to 4 scale, where 1 is highest mark)
    UK 2:2 degree: 72%; or 2.5 overall (on 1 to 4 scale, where 1 is highest mark)

    Slovenia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Univerzitetni Diplomant (180 ECTS credits) (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

    Somalia
    Bachelor degrees from Somalia are not considered for direct entry to our postgraduate taught programmes. Holders of Bachelor degrees from Somali National University can be considered for our Pre-Masters programmes on a case by case basis.

    South Africa
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: NQF Level 8 qualifications such as Bachelor Honours degrees or Professional Bachelor degrees from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 75%
    UK 2:1 degree: 70%
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%

    South Korea
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.2 out of 4.5; or GPA 4.0 out of 4.3; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.5 out of 4.5; or GPA 3.3 out of 4.3; or GPA 3.2 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.5; or GPA 2.8 out of 4.3; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Spain
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo Universitario Oficial de Graduado en [subject area] (Grado) or Titulo Universitario Oficial de Licenciado en [subject area] (Licenciatura) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 8.0 out of 10; or 2.5 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 7.0 out of 10; or 2.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 6.0 out of 10; or 1.5 out of 4.0

    Sri Lanka
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Special or Honours) or Bachelor Degree (Professional) (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.5 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Sudan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours degree from a recognised institution or Bachelor degree in one of the following Professional subjects: Architecture; Dentistry; Engineering; Medicine/Surgery from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 80%
    UK 2:1 degree: 65%
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%

    Sweden
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Kandidatexamen) or Professional Bachelor Degree (Yrkesexamenfrom) (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: Overall B grade with at least 75 ECTS at grade A or above (180 ECTS minimum overall); or at least 65% of credits graded at VG overall
    UK 2:1 degree: Overall B grade (180 ECTS minimum overall); or at least 50% of credits graded at VG overall
    UK 2:2 degree: Overall C grade (180 ECTS minimum overall); or at least 20% of credits graded at VG overall.

    Switzerland
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 5.5 out of 6; or 9 out of 10
    UK 2:1 degree: 5 out of 6; or 8 out of 10
    UK 2:2 degree: 4.25 out of 6; or 7 out of 10

    Syria
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 85%
    UK 2:1 degree: 75%
    UK 2:2 degree: 65%

    Taiwan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

    UK 1st class degree: 85 to 90%
    UK 2:1 degree: 70 to 75%
    UK 2:2 degree: 65 to 70%

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  

    Tajikistan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Specialist Diploma or Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 4.0 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

    Tanzania
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.4 out of 5.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.5 out of 5.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.7 out of 5.0

    Thailand
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.40 to 3.60 out of 4.00
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.00 to 3.20 out of 4.00
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.40 to 2.60 out of 4.00

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.

    Trinidad and Tobago
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or First Class Honours from the University of West Indies
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or Upper Second Class Honours from the University of West Indies
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0; or Lower Second Class Honours from the University of West Indies

    Tunisia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licence; Diplome National d'Architecture; Maitrise; Diplome National d'Ingeniuer; or Doctorat en Medecine / Veterinaire from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
    UK 2:1 degree: 13 out of 20
    UK 2:2 degree: 11 out of 20

    Turkey
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.40 to 3.60 out of 4.00
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 2.80 to 3.00 out of 4.00
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.30 to 2.50 out of 4.00

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.

    Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.60 out of 4.00
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.00 out of 4.00
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.50 out of 4.00

    Turkmenistan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Diploma of Higher Education (awarded after 2007) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 4.0 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

    Turks and Caicos Islands
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (accredited by the Council of Community Colleges of Jamaica) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or 80%
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.3 out of 4.0; or 75%
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.7 out of 4.0; or 65%

    Uganda
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.4 out of 5.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 4.0 out of 5.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 5.0

    Ukraine
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 10 out of 12; or 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 12; or 4.0 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 6 out of 12; or 3.5 out of 5

    United Arab Emirates
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    United States
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.2 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

    Uruguay
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 10 to 11 out of 12
    UK 2:1 degree: 7 to 9 out of 12
    UK 2:2 degree: 6 to 7 out of 12

    Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.

    Uzbekistan
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90%; or 4.7 out of 5
    UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or 4.0 out of 5
    UK 2:2 degree: 71%; or 3.5 out of 5

    Venezuela
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 81%
    UK 2:1 degree: 71%
    UK 2:2 degree: 61%

    Non-percentage grading scales, for example scales out of 20, 10, 9 or 5, will have different requirements. 

    Vietnam
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 8.0 out of 10; or GPA 3.7 out of 4
    UK 2:1 degree: 7.0 out of 10; or GPA 3.0 out of 4
    UK 2:2 degree: 5.7 out of 10; or GPA 2.4 out of 4

    Yemen
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters (Majister) degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 90%
    UK 2:1 degree: 80%
    UK 2:2 degree: 65%

    Bachelor Degrees from Lebanese International University (in Yemen) can be considered for entry to postgraduate taught programmes - please see Lebanon for guidance on grade requirements for this.

    Zambia
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 75%; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
    UK 2:1 degree: 65%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
    UK 2:2 degree: 55%; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

    Zimbabwe
    We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) or Bachelor Honours degree from a recognised institution.

    UK 1st class degree: 75%
    UK 2:1 degree: 65%
    UK 2:2 degree: 60%

    English language requirements

    If you got your degree in an English speaking country or if it was taught in English, and you studied within the last five years, you might not need an English language qualification - find out more.

    The minimum English Language requirements for entry to postgraduate degree programmes within the School of Geography are:

    7.0 overall including 6.5 in Writing, and 5.5 in Reading, Listening and Speaking.

    MSc Environmental Science and MSc Water and Environmental Management require 6.5 overall including 6.0 in Writing, and 5.5 in Reading, Listening and Speaking.

    100 overall including 24 in Writing, 18 in Reading, 17 in Listening and 20 in Speaking.

    MSc Environmental Science and MSc Water and Environmental Management require 92 overall including 21 in Writing, 18 in Reading, 17 in Listening and 20 in Speaking.

    68 overall including 62 in Writing, and 51 in Reading, Listening and Speaking.

    MSc Environmental Science and MSc Water and Environmental Management require 62 overall including 57 in Writing, 18 in Reading, 17 in Listening and 20 in Speaking.

    Trinity College London, Integrated Skills in English (ISE) III with Merit in Writing, Reading, Listening and Speaking. 

    Environmental Science and MSc Water and Environmental Management require either Trinity College London (ISE) II with Distinction in Writing, Reading, Listening and Speaking, or Trinity College London (ISE) III with Pass in Writing, Reading, Listening and Speaking.

    185 overall including 176 in Writing, and 162 in Reading, Listening and Speaking.

    MSc Environmental Science and MSc Water and Environmental Management require 176 overall including 169 in Writing, and 162 in Reading, Listening and Speaking.

    185 overall including 176 in Writing, and 162 in Reading, Listening and Speaking.  

    MSc Environmental Science and MSc Water and Environmental Management require 176 overall including 169 in Writing, and 162 in Reading, Listening and Speaking.

    Visas and immigration

    Find out how to apply for a student visa.