ENGINEERING AND MATERIALS SCIENCE
Open Science resources
Guide to Grey Literature
Patents are granted by a government for a novel invention for a limited period of time. The patent gives the inventor exclusive rights to the invention and prevents others from making, using or selling the invention without the permission of the inventor.
Engineering reports show the progress and results of a research or development investigation. Reports draw conclusions and make recommendations that are submitted to the person or body for whom the investigation was carried out. Each report has a number which identifies both the report and the issuing organisation.
A standard is a published document that contains a technical specification or other precise criteria. These are designed to be used consistently as a rule, guideline, or definition in order to increase the reliability and the effectiveness of the products and services we use. Standards are created by bringing together the experience and expertise of all interested parties such as the producers, sellers, buyers, users and regulators of a particular material, product, process or service.