School of Law

Dr Matthieu Burnay, LLB and BA (Saint Louis-Brussels), MSc (PKU), MSc (LSE), PhD (Leuven)

Matthieu

Senior Lecturer in Global Law

Email: m.burnay@qmul.ac.uk
Telephone: +44 (0)20 7882 2150
Room Number: Mile End

Profile

Dr Matthieu Burnay is a Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) in Global Law at Queen Mary University of London. He is also a Visiting Professor at Beijing Normal University and Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, as well as an Associate Researcher at the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, University of Leuven. He has an interdisciplinary background in law, political science and history. He holds a PhD in Law from the University of Leuven and a Double MSc degree in International Affairs from Peking University and the London School of Economics.

At Queen Mary, Dr Burnay serves as Co-Director International, Co-Director of the Centre for European and International Legal Affairs (CEILA), Academic Lead for the Double Degree in English and French Law, as well as Academic Coordinator for the Association of Transnational Law Schools (ATLAS). He teaches the undergraduate courses ‘Law and Globalisation’, ‘Global Law and Governance’ as well as ‘Chinese Law and Institutions’.

His main research interests are in global law and governance; the study of the political and legal aspects of EU-China relations in global governance; as well as the comparative study of the rule of law in Europe and Asia. He is particularly interested in the relationship between international law and Chinese law in the areas of international security and trade governance. His recent works include ‘Chinese Perspectives on the International Rule of Law: Law and Politics in the One-Party State’ (Edward Elgar, 2018) as well as a number of journal articles and book chapters published by European Foreign Affairs Review, Asia-Europe Journal, Global Affairs, Chinese Journal of Global Governance, CUP, Routledge, Palgrave MacMillan, and Edward Elgar.

In 2018, he was awarded a Jean Monnet Network on EU-China Legal and Judicial Cooperation (EUPLANT).

Dr Burnay was previously a Senior Researcher at the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, University of Leuven. He was also a Visiting Professor at the University of Liege, University Saint Louis- Brussels (Belgium), as well as the Catholic University of Lille (France). He has been consulted on China-related issues by the European Parliament, the European Council, the EU Committee of the Regions, and the Belgian Ministry of Justice. In 2014, he received a Scientific Prize Gustave Boël - Sofina Fellowship from the King Baudouin Foundation.

Undergraduate Teaching

  • Law 6463 Law and Globalisation
  • Law 6453 Chinese Law and Institutions
  • Law 6454 Global Law and Governance

Research

Jean Monnet Network on EU-China Legal and Judicial Cooperation - EUPLANT (Academic Coordinator): EUPLANT investigates the interactions between the Chinese and the European Union (EU) legal and judicial systems and promotes excellence in teaching and research on EU-China legal and judicial cooperation. Through a set of research, policy and outreach activities, EUPLANT creates new avenues for enhanced academic and policy cooperation between the EU and China and engenders a better understanding of each other’s legal systems. The network brings together Queen Mary University of London, King’s College London, University of Leuven, University of Bologna, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Tsinghua University, Beijing Normal University, and City University of London.

Jean Monnet Network on The European Union at the Crossroads of Global Order – EUCROSS (Key Staff Member): EUCROSS investigates the challenges and opportunities that the European Union (‘EU’ or ‘Union’) and its main international partners face in times when our conventional understanding of the global order is put into question and multilateralism is ‘contested’. EUCROSS brings together University of Leuven (Coordinator), Queen Mary University of London, Chinese University of Hong Kong, University of Florida, Jindal Global University, Raul Wallenberg Institute, German Development Institute, American University in Washington DC, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Jagiellonian University, and the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul.

Special Issue on ‘China and the Global Commons’: The objective of this special issue is to analyse how and why China influences the making of regulatory frameworks governing the internet, space activities, and the fight against climate change. The special issue will seek not only to highlight common patterns in China’s engagement with the global commons and assess how China’s contribution enhances/impedes the preservation and fair allocation of resources at the global level.  It also tries to understand if China’s engagement is – by and large – to be seen as a form of contestation of existing global governance structure, or rather a contribution thereto. In this regard the workshop will focus on China as a ‘norm-taker’, ‘norm-maker’ or ‘norm-shaker’ of global governance. With the former two clearly linked to China’s constructive role as a complying actor and norm developer, the latter sees China’s role as a critical actor, contesting existing structures and regimes.  The special issue (co-edited with Professor Julien Chaisse, CUHK) will be published by the International Community Law Review in 2020.

Special Issue on ‘Judicial Reforms and Cooperation in China’: China has initiated multiple rounds of judicial reform since 1999. The interaction between the Chinese and the EU legal and judicial systems has become an important aspect of EU-China collaboration, both in the practices of judicial cooperation, and inspirations on China’s legal reform into the new era. The objectives of the special issue are to discuss key issues in China’s current round of judicial reform and EU-China judicial cooperation (e.g. case guidance system, judges’ liability, jury system, enforcement of foreign judgments, etc. ); engender a better understanding of each other’s legal systems; and provide critical academic assessment for the current reform in China and propose suggestions for future reforms. The special issue (co-edited with Professor Lin Feng, CUHK) will be published by the China Law and Society Review in 2020.

Publications

Books

  • Matthieu Burnay, Chinese Perspectives on the International Rule of Law: Law and Politics in the One-Party State, Edward Elgar, 2018.

‘An important contribution to the ongoing debate about law and politics in China and beyond.’ (Professor Eva Pils, King’s College)

‘In this valuable research on the development of the rule of law in China, Matthieu Burnay inspires reflections on how China has changed and how China can be changed.’ (Professor Jing Men, College of Europe)

  • Jan Wouters, Jean-Christophe Defraigne, and Matthieu Burnay (eds.), China, the European Union and the Developing World: A Triangular Relationship, Edward Elgar, 2015.

International Journals (peer-reviewed)

  • Matthieu Burnay and Eva Pils, ‘Chinese Citizenship as a Contested Idea: Domestic Fragmentation and Transnational Expansion’, under review.
  • Matthieu Burnay and Wim Muller (eds.), Special Issue on ‘China and Global Governance: Between the International Rule of Law and the International Rule of Power?’, Chinese Journal of Global Governance, Forthcoming.
  • Matthieu Burnay, ‘China and Global Governance: Towards a Low-Cost Global Legal Order?', Chinese Journal of Global Governance, Forthcoming.
  • Matthieu Burnay and Kolja Raube, ‘Strategy, Coherence and Legitimacy – Variations of a Theme in the Case of EU-China Relations’, Special Issue Legitimacy in EU Foreign and Security Policy, 4 Global Affairs 291, 2018.
  • Matthieu Burnay, Kolja Raube and Jan Wouters (eds), Special Issue on ‘The Rule of Law as a Strategic Priority in EU External Action’, Asia-Europe Journal, Volume 14, Issue 1, March 2016
  • Matthieu Burnay, Joëlle Hivonnet and Kolja Raube, ‘The Case for an EU-China Rule of Law Dialogue : The Squaring of a Circle ?’, Asia-Europe Journal, Volume 14, Issue 1, March 2016, pp. 95-106
  • Kolja Raube, Matthieu Burnay and Jan Wouters, ‘The Rule of Law as a Strategic Priority in EU External Action – Conceptualization and Implementation of EU Law and Policies’, Asia-Europe Journal, Volume 14, Issue 1, March 2016, pp. 1-6
  • Jan Wouters and Matthieu Burnay (eds), Special Issue on ‘The International Rule of Law: European and Asian Perspectives’, Belgian Review of International Law, 2013-2, 2014, pp. 297-403
  • Matthieu Burnay and Jan Wouters, ‘China in the UN Security Council: What are the Implications for the International Rule of law?’, Belgian Review of International Law, 2013-2, 2014, pp. 343-363
  • Matthieu Burnay and Jan Wouters, ‘Introduction: The International Rule of Law: European and Asian Perspectives’, Belgian Review of International Law, 2013-2, 2014, pp. 299-306
  • Matthieu Burnay, Joëlle Hivonnet and Kolja Raube, “’Soft Diplomacy’ and People-to-People Dialogue between the EU and the PRC: A Tool for a Truly Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, or Simply a Framework of Last Resort?”, European Foreign Affairs Review, Volume 19, Issue 3, 2014, pp. 35-55.

Other Journals

  • Matthieu Burnay, ‘China’s Reforms Fortieth Anniversary and EU-China Relations’, EU-China Observer, Volume 2, Issue 18, 2018, pp. 4-7.
  • Matthieu Burnay and Michaël Maira, ‘Se Rassurer pour Etre Rassurante’, La Revue Nouvelle, April 2013, pp. 58-64
  • Matthieu Burnay, ‘Introduction: La Chine une Puissance Incertaine? ‘, La Revue Nouvelle, April 2013, pp. 26-28
  • Matthieu Burnay and Michaël Maira (eds), ‘Chine: Menaces ou Opportunités?’, La Revue Nouvelle, April 2013.

Chapters in Edited Volumes

  • Matthieu Burnay, ‘Bridging the Gap between Investments and Human Rights Protection: Prospects and Challenges for the EU-China Bilateral Investment Treaty’ in Yuwen Li (ed.), Reforming the Investor-State Dispute Settlement System in the Context of China-EU BIT negotiations: Chinese and European Perspectives, Routledge, Forthcoming 2019.
  • Matthieu Burnay, ‘‘Soft Legal Transplants’: EU-China Relations at A Glance’ in Jing Men (ed) The EU and China: Reform and Governance, Routledge, 2017, pp. 17-32
  • Matthieu Burnay, ‘Chinese Perspectives on the Rule of Law: Prospects and Challenges for Global Constitutionalism’ in Takao Suami, Mattias Kumm, Anne Peters, and Dimitri Vanoverbeke (eds.), Global Constitutionalism from European and East Asian Perspectives, Cambridge University Press, 2019, pp. 225-44.
  • Matthieu Burnay and Jan Wouters, ‘The EU and China in the WTO: What Contribution to the International Rule of Law? – Reflections in Light of the Raw Materials and Rare Earths Disputes’ in Jianwei Wang and Weiqing Song (eds), China, the European Union, and International Politics of Global Governance, Palgrave MacMillan, 2016
  • Matthieu Burnay, Jean-Christophe Defraigne and Jan Wouters, ‘China, the European Union and the Developing World: Analyzing and Comparing a Triangular Relationship Region by Region’ in Jan Wouters, Jean-Christophe Defraigne and Matthieu Burnay (eds), China, the European Union and the Developing World : A Triangular Relationship, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 1-18
  • Jan Wouters and Matthieu Burnay, ‘The EU and Asia in the United Nations Security Council’ in Thomas Christiansen, Emil Kirchner and Philomena Murray (eds), Handbook of EU-Asia Relations, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, pp. 392-405
  • Jan Wouters and Matthieu Burnay, ‘China and the European Union in the World Trade Organization: Living Apart Together?’ in Jan Wouters, Tanguy de Wilde, Pierre Defraigne and Jean-Christophe Defraigne (eds), China, the European Union and the Restructuring of Global  Governance, Edward Elgar, 2012, pp. 79-97
  • Jan Wouters and Matthieu Burnay, ‘Concluding Remarks: China-EU Relations in a Moving International Arena: Which Way Forward?’ in Jan Wouters, Tanguy de Wilde, Pierre Defraigne and Jean-Christophe Defraigne (eds), China, the European Union and the Restructuring of Global  Governance, Edward Elgar, 2012, pp. 325-330.

Working papers

  • Matthieu Burnay and Marta Hermez, ‘Towards Global Justice with Chinese Characteristics’, GLOBUS Research Paper, n. 10, 2018, pp. 28.

Supervision

Dr Burnay welcomes proposals for doctoral supervision in the following areas:

  • Chinese Law
  • Chinese perspectives on international law
  • Legal history of China
  • Global law and governance
  • Comparative studies on the rule of law and the international rule of law
  • Legal and political aspects of EU-China relations.

Jury Member for the PhD dissertation of Wenjia Wang (University Saint Louis-Brussels and Catholic University of Louvain) on ‘Economic Interdependence in China-ASEAN Relations: Whither Peace? - An Analysis of the Impact of China-ASEAN Economic Interdependence on the Geopolitics of the South China Sea Dispute’, February 2017.

Member of the Supervisory Committee for the PhD dissertation of Yang Hai (KU Leuven) on ‘A Comparative Analysis of the Structural Foreign Policy of the EU and China in the International System’.

Public Engagement

  • Participation to the First Kigali Global Dialogue organised by the Observer Research Foundation, Kigali, Rwanda, 3-5 July 2019.
  • Public Lecture on ‘Chinese Perspectives on Global Governance: Towards a Low-Cost Global Legal Order’ organised by the Institut de Recherche en Droit International et Europeen at Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, 3 June 2019. Public Lecture Announcement [PDF 90KB]
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘China and the Global Commons: Localisation of Transnational Legal Orders’ at the EUCROSS Conference on Contestation and Enduring Cooperation in a Changing World Order, American University in Washington DC, 12 and 13 June 2019.
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘Prospects and Challenges for EU-China Judicial Cooperation’ at the EUPLANT Conference on Judicial Reforms and Cooperation in China organised by the City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong and Beijing, 9-12 May 2019.
  • Presentation on ‘Rule of Law Promotion and the EU-China Strategic Partnership’ at the UACES CER Decentring Europe Research Seminar, University of London Institute in Paris, 7 March 2019.
  • Public Lecture on ‘China and the Future of the International Order’, University Saint Louis-Brussels, 4 March 2019.
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘China and the Global Commons: Localisation of Transnational Legal Orders’ at the EUPLANT and CLSGC Workshop on 'Regulating the Commons: Making Sense of the Emergence of China as a Rule-Shaper and Rule-Maker', Queen Mary University of London, 28 February 2019.
  • Presentation on ‘Prospects and Challenges for Europe-China Legal and Judicial Cooperation’ at the QMUL-Renmin Annual Conference on Criminal Justice, 7 December 2018.
  • Presentation of a paper on ‘Chinese Citizenship as a Contested Idea: Domestic Fragmentation and Transnational Expansion’ at the International Conference on Transformation of Citizenship, University of Graz, 21 November 2018.
  • Public Lecture on ‘Chinese Perspectives on Human Rights and the Rule of Law: From Dilution to Rejection of International Norms?’, University of Leuven, 16 November 2018.
  • Presentation on ‘China, the European Union, and the Future of the International Liberal Order’ at the International Symposium on ‘China and Europe on the 40th Anniversary of the Beginning of China’s Reform and Opening: Achievements, Challenges, and Prospects’ organised by the College of Europe and the Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai, 29 October 2018.
  • Public Lecture on ‘The Belt and Road Initiative: Prospects and Challenges for the European Union’, Emeriti Forum, University of Leuven, 27 September 2018.
  • Participation to an International Roundtable on ‘Academic Freedom in China’, King’s College London, 17 September 2018.
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘The Political Dimension of Academic Exchanges in the EU-China Strategic Partnership: Prospects and Challenges for Public Diplomacy’ at the Annual Conference of the European China Law Studies Association, University of Torino, 13-14 September 2018.
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘Chinese Revisionism and the Challenge to Liberal Universalism in the International Legal Order’ at the Annual Conference of the European China Law Studies Association, University of Torino, 13-14 September 2018.
  • Guest Lecture on the EU-China Bilateral Investment Treaty at the Euro-Asia Summer School, Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, University of Leuven, 28 August 2018
  • Public Lecture on ‘EU-China Relations: Impact of Four Decades of Reforms in China’, Jindal Global University, Delhi, 21 August 2018.
  • Presentation on ‘China and Global Governance - The End of Normative Power Europe?’ at the Jean Monnet Workshop ‘Europe-China Relations in Times of Crisis and Disintegration’, Aston University, 21 June 2018
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘Bridging the Gap between Investments and Human Rights Protection: Prospects and Challenges for the EU-China Bilateral Investment Treaty’ at the ATLAS Agora 2018, American University Washington College of Law, 14 June 2018.
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘Bridging the Gap between Investments and Human Rights Protection: Prospects and Challenges for the EU-China Bilateral Investment Treaty’ at the China Law and Policy Informal Workshop, King’s College London, 1 June 2018.
  • Public Lecture on ‘China as a Global Actor’, Saint Louis University-Brussels, 3 May 2018.
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘Bridging the Gap between Investments and Human Rights Protection: Prospects and Challenges for the EU-China Bilateral Investment Treaty’ at the International Workshop on  "International Dialogue on Law, Rights and Development", Universitad Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires, 23 April 2018.
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘Bridging the Gap between Investments and Human Rights Protection: Prospects and Challenges for the EU-China Bilateral Investment Treaty’ at the International Conference on ‘EU-China Bilateral Investment Treaty Negotiations: A Focus on Investor-State Dispute Settlement’, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 19 and 20 April 2018.
  • Presentation of a Paper on 'China and Global Governance: Towards a Low-Cost Global Legal Order?', International Studies Association Annual Conference, San Francisco, 7 April 2018
  • Presentation of a Paper on 'China and Global Governance: Towards a Low-Cost Global Legal Order?', King’s College London, 14 February 2018
  • Public Lecture on ‘Chinese Perspectives on Europe :Many Belt(s), Many Road(s)?’ in the context of the Lecture Series on ‘Recalibrating Europe: Crossroads, Silk Roads and Transformative Global Maps’ organised by the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, University of Leuven, 24 November 2017
  • Public lecture on ‘Chinese Perspectives on Human Rights and the Rule of Law: Towards a Low-Cost Legal System?’ in the context of the Lecture Series on ‘Under Siege: Human Rights and the Rule of Law’ organised by the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, University of Leuven, 23 November 2017.
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘China: Towards a New Understanding of Global Justice?’ at the 11th Pan-European Conference on International Relations organised by the European International Studies Association, Barcelona, 16 September 2017 (together with Ms. Marta Hermez)
  • Presentation of a Paper on ‘Strategy, Coherence, and Legitimacy – Variations of a Theme in the Case of EU-China Relations’, at the 11th Pan–European Conference on International Relations organised by the European Insternational Studies Association, Barcelona, 16 September 2017 (together with Dr. Kolja Raube).
  • Presentation at the Briefing Seminar on ‘Four Years of the Belt and Road Initiative:  Perspectives from Europe’, European Institute for Asian Studies, 12 September 2017, Brussels.
  • Presentation on Challenges and Prospects for EU-China Cooperation in Global Governance at the Roundtable on ‘EU Politics and Foreign Policy in EU-China Relations’, European Policy Centre, 6 September 2017, Brussels.

Policy Reports and Consultancy

  • Matthieu Burnay and Marta Hermez, ‘EU Preventive Diplomacy in the South China Sea’ in Guy Banim and Eva Pejsova (eds), Prevention Better than Cure: The EU’s Quiet Diplomacy in Asia, EUISS Report n. 33, 2017, pp. 40-46.
  • Matthieu Burnay and Pierre Schmitt, ‘Regulatory Fitness and Performance (REFIT) Programme: EU Regulatory Bottlenecks and Administrative Burdens at Local and Regional Level’, Study for the EU Committee of the Regions, 2017.  
  • Matthieu Burnay, Matthias Deneckere, Volker Haucke, and Kolja Raube, ‘Does the EU Have the Right Instruments to Finance Assitance in Enduring Crises and the Needs of Upper Middle Income Countries?’, Study for the European Parliament Foreign Affairs Committee, 2016.  
  • Matthieu Burnay, ‘A Test Case for China’s Adherence to the International Rule of Law’ in Eva Pejsova (ed), Sense and Sensibility – Addressing the South China Sea Disputes, EUISS Report, n°28, 2016, pp. 30-33.
  • Matthieu Burnay, Kolja Raube and Jan Wouters, ‘China's Foreign Policy and External Relations’, Study for the European Parliament Foreign Affairs Committee, 2015.
  • Axel Marx, Jan Wouters, Woosik Moon, Yeongseop Rhee, Sunhee Park and Matthieu Burnay (eds), ‘EU-Korea Relations in a Changing World’, Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, Report submitted to the European External Action Service, 2013.

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