School of Law

Anna Howard

Research Topic: Mediation, EU Law


Thesis title

Changing the frame: framing the changes. Listening to disputants regarding their use of EU cross-border commercial mediation.


Dr Debbie De Girolamo and Professor Stavros Brekoulakis.

Summary of research

Anna’s thesis examines the European Commission’s continued efforts to promote cross-border mediation for commercial and civil disputes. With a focus on cross-border commercial disputes, Anna’s thesis explores why such mediation continues to be infrequently used. Crucially, Anna’s thesis addresses this question by engaging with a group of stakeholders which been neglected by the relevant research to date: the disputants.

Teaching and research interests

Before commencing her PhD, Anna taught Legal Writing and Analysis courses and also Ethics courses to undergraduate and Masters students at the School of Law, Singapore Management University. Anna is currently an LLM dissertation supervisor for ADR topics at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies (CCLS).

Anna’s current research interests are mediation and, in particular, cross-border mediation.


Anna trained with the leading international law firm, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, in London and Madrid and qualified as a solicitor in 2003. Anna practised competition law at Freshfields and then at Field Fisher for a total of 7 years before moving to Singapore where she started her career in academia. From 2011 to 2014, Anna was a lecturer of law at the School of Law, Singapore Management University. Upon her return to London in 2014, Anna joined CCLS as an LLM tutor and in 2015 Anna commenced her PhD.

As an undergraduate, Anna studied Modern Languages at The Queen’s College, Oxford University and was then sponsored by Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer to study law as a postgraduate at The College of Law, Guildford.