SOLM149 Law of the Sea: Navigational Freedoms and Practice (Not running 2021-22)
It is a statistical fact that “around 80 per cent of the volume of international trade in goods is carried by sea, and the percentage is even higher for most developing countries” (UNCTAD/RMT, 2015 / IMO, 2016). The above statement is however more accurate when re-phrased as to literally affirm that “around 80 per cent of the volume of international trade in goods is carried by ships,...” and hence this module places its immediate focus upon their navigational freedoms and the evolving practice of commercial shipping in the 21st century. The module covers: The international ocean regime and contemporary legal order; Nationality of ships and the freedom of navigation; Passage regimes; Navigation in Special and Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas; The new IMO Polar Code for navigation; Ships in distress and places of refuge; Ship-to-ship activities within coastal maritime zones; Unlawful acts against the safety of navigation; Navigation in High Risk Areas; Detention and prompt release of the vessel/crew; The future of international navigation law: from e-Navigation and Sea Traffic Management to Unmanned ships and autonomous systems.
Mode of Assessment
2.15 hour exam