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School of Law

Prince Uche Amadi

Prince Uche

PhD Student



Thesis title

International Investment Protection and Human Rights Obligation of State: A Nigerian Petroleum Industry Perspective.


Professor Rafael Leal-Arcas and Professor Janet Dine

Summary of research

This thesis examines the current foreign investment protection regime in Nigeria oil and gas industry and the human right obligations of the Nigerian state. The analysis is conducted from an international law perspective. The regime governing international investment protection in its present form is perceived to have the potential to constrain the power of the state to pursue some legitimate policy objectives such as to protect and promote human rights and to regulate other social and environmental issues. This is largely because of its lopsided nature in creating rights for investors without corresponding obligations while largely imposing obligations on the host-state without corresponding rights.

The contending issue has been how to structure investment protection without undermining the power of the state to pursue their legitimate international obligations. This highlights the dilemma confronting the host state like Nigeria in its quest to meet up with international human rights obligation even as it pursues and protects foreign investment inflows.

The conventional wisdom tends to suggest that to address this inequity, human rights obligations should be included in international investment agreements/treaties. This thesis challenges this conventional thinking and argues that mere inclusion of human rights obligation in investment agreements is not a sufficient solution to the overgrown inequity between investment protection and human rights. The thesis contends that attention should be drawn to determine and differentiate between what should amount to human rights obligations in terms of responsibility to fulfil, protect and respect between the state and the investor within national and international context.

Finally, drawing evidence from Nigeria, the work identifies normative conflict between international and domestic human rights law and marginal disparity in global human right justice as a potential hindrance that must be resolved.

Teaching and Research Interests

  • Taught Constitutional Law and Administrative Law at Rivers State University, Port Harcourt Nigeria
  • Teaching Associate at Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary University of London

Research Interest include: Human Rights, International Investment Law, Corporate Responsibility and Climate Change.

Legal Practice Experience

  • Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Nigeria since 2007
  • Principal Partner in Corporate and Commercial practice at LEGAL ANSWERS LLP, a medium sized law firm in Nigeria where I represented corporations ranging from start-ups to multinationals and private and international investors, advising and handling broad range of corporate and commercial matters.

Professional Memberships

  • Nigerian Bar Association (NBA)                             
  • Nigerian Association of Law Teachers          
  • International Bar Association (IBA)                 


Chapters in books

  • AMADI P.U Global Human Rights Deployment and Efficacy of State Obligation (2018) Ready for Publication, February 2019.
  • AMADI P.U Constitutional Modeling and Normative Hierarchy of International Law in Africa (2017) in Readings in Law and Policy Ch.29, pp 537-556

Journal publications

  • AMADI P.U and D.B Uche-Amadi (Mrs.), Assessing the Global Response to Human Right Protection of Persons with Mental Disability (2016) Vol. 8, No. 2, Journal of Jurisprudence and Contemporary Law, p. 149-164
  • AMADI P.U and Frank-Igwe U., Globalisation of Human Rights: Right to Privacy in Comparative Perspective (2016) Vol. 8, No. 1, Journal of Jurisprudence and Contemporary Law, p. 246-258
  • AMADI P.U and Orajaka I., Does the Trade-Related Aspect of Intellectual Property Rights Agreements Set a Balance Between Technology Transfer and Patent Protection? Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry in Perspective (2016) Vol. 1, No. 1 Port Harcourt Journal of Business Law, p. 211-224
  • AMADI P.U and Dr C.T. Emejuru, Wainwright v United Kingdom: Filling the Gaps of Common Law Rights to Privacy Under the European Convention on Human Rights (2015) Vol 35, Journal of Law, Policy and Globalisation, P.186-195
  • AMADI P.U, and E. Wosu, Limited Liability and Corporate Irresponsibility: In Search of a Proper Balance (2014) Vol 4, No. 1, Journal of Private and Property Law, P.183-194
  • AMADI P.U, Managing the Risk of Legal Liabilities in Syndicated Loan Agreements: The Position of the Arranger/Lead Lender (2014) Vol. 6, No. 1, Port Harcourt Law Journal P.260-269
  • Chioma, E. E, and AMADI P.U, A New Dawn of Corporate Criminal Liability Law in The United Kingdom: Lessons for Nigeria (2012) Vol. 2, No.1, African Journal of law and Criminology, p.86-97
  • AMADI P.U, Combating Money Laundering and Organised Crime in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects (2012) Vol. 4, No.2, Port Harcourt Law Journal p.311-323.


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