Skip to main content
School of Law

Dr Michaela MacDonald, M.A (Masaryk University), PhD (Queen mary University)


Teaching Fellow

Room Number: Lincoln’s Inn Fields


Dr Michaela MacDonald is a Teaching Fellow at CCLS and Lecturer at EECS (the School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science), where she is works on the Joint Programme between Queen Mary and the Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications. Her teaching covers subjects such as Interactive Entertainment Law, AI, Robotics and the Law, Cybersecurity Law and Product Development, across the undergraduate, LLM and distance learning programmes. She also teaches Interactive Entertainment Law as a Visiting Professor at Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic. She holds a PhD in Law from CCLS, Queen Mary University.

Michaela’s main research interests focus on the legal, regulatory and societal effects of disruptive technologies. She has been involved in projects examining the legal and regulatory implications of cloud computing (The Cloud Project, CCLS), investigating the legality of smart contracts in the Lloyd’s insurance market and most recently, computational creativity in video games (CCLS). Her most recent works include a co-authored book chapter ‘Autonomous Agents and the Roman Law of Slavery’ in Lilian Edwards, Burkhard Schafer and Edina Harbinja (eds) Future Law (Edinburgh University Press 2020).

Michaela is also working at Moorcrofts LLP as a consultant, collaborating on projects that have focused on the legality of data and text mining activities, Open Source licenses classification and contract automation.

Postgraduate Teaching

  • CCDM114 Interactive Entertainment Law (Online learning programme)
  • CCDM047 AI, Robotics and the Law (Online learning programme)


 Michaela's current research interests include, the concept of virtual property, including data ownership, and computational creativity in video games.

Conference papers

  • ‘Data ownership: a way forward or dead end?’ Cyberspace Brno (November 2019)
  • ‘Computational creativity in video games’ MTJG Frankfurt (November 2019)
  • ‘Copyright Implications of Creative Uses of Video Games’ Cyberspace Brno (November 2018)#
  • ‘Virtual Property and GDPR’ MTJG Madrid (September 2018)
  • ‘Licences and Contracts – US, UK and EU Perspective’ FOSDEM Brussels (February 2018)
  • 'Consumers and Digital Assets - The Dichotomy Between Ownership and Access, Goods and Services’ CIPPM Workshop on Trading with the Consumer in the Digital Age: Legal Developments, Current Challenges and the Road Ahead, Bournemouth University (June 2017)

Examples of research funding:

ContrAI project

Moorcrofts, in partnership with Oxford Brookes University, have secured government funding from Innovate UK and Research England in 2019 to research the development of a legal contract management system that uses Artificial Intelligence to simplify the process, allowing individuals and organisations of all sizes, to access legal services. (ongoing)


  • M MacDonald and A Katz, ‘Autonomous Agents and the Roman Law of Slavery’ in Lilian Edwards, Burkhard Schafer and Edina Harbinja (eds) Future Law (Edinburgh University Press 2020) forthcoming
  • M MacDonald and A Katz, ‘Open Source Software’ in Jeremy Holt and Jeremy Newton (eds) Manager’s Guide to IT Law (3rd edn, BCS 2020) forthcoming
  • M Goldby, C Reed, M MacDonald and K Richards, ‘From ink to code: How smart contracts bring policies to life’ (Lloyd’s 2019)
  • Michaela MacDonald, Digital Revolution: Challenges for Contract Law in Practice, Reiner Schulze and Dirk Staudenmayer (eds) (2017) 25 (4) IJLIT
  • Michaela MacDonald, ’50 Shades of Grey: Bitcoins in a Legal Vacuum?’, (January 2015) LinkedIn Pulse

Public Engagement

  • Member of the Editorial Board, Interactive Entertainment Law Review (IELR), November 2019
  • Erasmus+ International Credit Mobility (ICM) Programme for staff mobility for Teaching to National Law School of India University (NLSIU), January 2019
  • Judge at the LSE-KCL Intellectual Property Law Moot Court Competition, March 2017

Related news

Back to top