16 November 2016 - 17 November 2016
Time: 11:00am - 6:30pm
Venue: Clifford Chance, 10 Upper Bank Street, London E14 5JJ
This event is hosted by the Centre for Law and Society in a Global Context (CLSGC) and the School of International Arbitration (SIA), Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).
- To examine arbitral decision-making and reasoning in the broad context of the historical and social development of international arbitration.
- To identify the purposes, functions, sources and extra-legal influences on reason-giving in arbitration.
- To identify and critically discuss the use of various modes, devices and techniques of reasoning in commercial and investment arbitration.
- To establish a network of scholars and practitioners interested in developing a theoretical and historical account of arbitral reasoning.
This conference will offer the first systematic, multi-disciplinary analysis of legal reasoning in international arbitration. It will do so by examining: 1) the purposes and functions of reason-giving in arbitration; 2) the sources of reason-giving in arbitration; 3) the various influences, including extra-legal influences, on the making of arbitral decisions, and thus consideration of the virtues (and vices) of arbitrators; and 4) the modes and devices of reasoning employed by arbitrators in two different contexts: commercial and investment arbitration. The conference will examine these themes by bringing together arbitration practitioners and scholars with theorists and historians of legal reasoning.
An important aim of the event is to identify what is unique about legal reasoning in international arbitration, which necessitates: 1) an examination of the historical development of international arbitration, and the social and political contexts in which it operates; and 2) comparative analysis with other contexts of legal reasoning, including domestic and other international adjudication.
The Media Partner for this event is Transnational Dispute Management (TDM).
16 November 2016
Panel 1 – The Purpose(s) and Function(s) of Reason-Giving in Arbitration
This introductory session will examine the purpose and function of legal reasoning, with special attention to the uniqueness of the arbitration context.
- Is reasoning in arbitration necessary at all (at the beginning, most arbitral decisions in England were not reasoned—in certain types of arbitration (such as commodities) reasoning is still neither desirable nor necessary).
- Historical development of legal reasoning: as stated, originally arbitration was very informal and most awards unreasoned. Today, reasoning becomes increasingly longer. In investment arbitration in particular, awards run over hundreds of pages.
- What is the purpose of reasoning: to persuade the losing party? To show compliance with the law? To prevent annulment by courts?
- How does legal reasoning differ on the basis of the legal background of the decision-makers: e.g. public law background/focus (investment arbitration) v private law background/focus (commercial arbitration).
Chair: Dr Maks Del Mar (Queen Mary University of London)
- Alec Stone Sweet (NUS)
- Professor Dr Elaine Mak (Rotterdam)
- VV Veeder QC (Essex Court Chambers)
- Professor Joost Pauwelyn (Graduate Institute in Geneva and Georgetown Law)
- Professor Richard Kreindler (Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton).
Panel 2 – The Sources of Reason-Giving in Arbitration
Here we examine the possible sources of reason-giving in arbitration, including:
- Rules v legal principles
- Policies, Public interest and public order
- Sources of law (custom, case law, civil code/text).
Chair: Professor David Caron (KCL)
- Professor Paul Schiff Berman (George Washington)
- Professor Alan Rau (Texas)
- Sophie Nappert (3 Verulam Buildings)
- Professor Andrea Bjorklund (McGill University).
Panel 3 – The Virtues and Vices of Arbitrators: Influences, Values, Ideologies
This panel will consider the following issues:
- What roles do value/ideologies or morality play in arbitral reasoning?
- Are they made explicit in justifications by arbitrators or not? And if they are not should they be?
Chair: Professor Stavros Brekoulakis (Queen Mary University of London)
- Amalia Amaya (UNAM)
- Professor Bryant Garth (UCI – Irvine)
- Thomas Schultz (KCL)
- Professor Catherine Rogers (Penn State & Queen Mary University of London)
- Daphna Kapeliuk (Goldfarb Seligman).
All attendees are welcome to attend the drinks reception that will follow this event.
17 November 2016
Panel 4 – Modes, Devices and Techniques of Reasoning in Commercial Arbitration
This panel will look at how commercial arbitrators may go about giving reasons:
- Teleological/purposive interpretation
- Contextual interpretation
- Historical / evolutive
- Analogical reasoning
- Consequences of legal reasoning: Backward-looking or forward-looking
Chair: Juliet Blanch (Chambers and Partners)
- Audley Sheppard QC (Clifford Chance)
- Professor S.I. Strong (Missouri University)
- Isabelle Michou (Quinn Emmanuel)
- Albert Monichino QC
- Professor Loukas Mistelis (Queen Mary University of London).
Panel 5 – Modes, Devices and Techniques of Reasoning in Investment Arbitration
Here we continue the theme of modes, devices and techniques of reasoning, but in the specific context of investment arbitration, and thus including for instance:
- The role of Vienna Convention in investment arbitration: this may lead the discussion to the wider question of whether arbitrators, when deciding, should contribute to the law (systemic interpretation) or merely decide on the facts (no systemic effects of arbitral awards), which may also bring the issue of precedent again.
Chair: Anna Joubin Bret (International Investment Lawyer)
- Professor Susan Franck (American University, Washington College of Law and Washington DC)
- Professor Dr Stephan Schill (University of Amsterdam)
- Doak Bishop (King & Spalding)
- Dr Federico Ortino (KCL)
- Mary Mitsi (Queen Mary University of London)
Download the full programme here [PDF 190KB].
How to book
The conference is fully booked and registration is now closed. To be added to the waiting list, please email email@example.com.
- Standard: £70
- Student £40.
Photography, video and audio recording
School of Law events may be photographed or video and audio recorded. These materials will be used for internal and external promotional purposes only by Queen Mary University of London. If you object to appearing in the photographs, please let our photographer know on the day. Alternatively you can email firstname.lastname@example.org in advance of the event that you are attending.