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School of History

Dr Henry Dee

Teaching Fellow



Last year, I completed a PhD on Clements Kadalie, the first major black trade union leader in Southern Africa, at the Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh. For the last two years, I have also been working as a co-ordinator on UncoverED, a student-led project looking into the history of African, Asian and Caribbean students at the University of Edinburgh during the 19th and 20th centuries (

Currently, I'm completing an edited volume of primary sources on the history of Clements Kadalie's trade union, the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of Africa (ICU), with David Johnson.


Research Interests:

My current research focuses on the rise of African and Asian trade unions and the politics of free movement in the British empire during the interwar period. Building on research into the life of Central African-born Clements Kadalie and the Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of Africa (ICU), I am now working on a comparative study between the ICU and the All-India Trade Union Congress (AITUC), looking into how both trade unions challenged heightening worker suppression and immigration restrictions during the 1920s and 1930s.

I also work as a researcher on UncoverED, a project looking into the global and imperial history of African, Asian and Caribbean students at the University of Edinburgh ( We are currently working towards a public exhibition in November 2020 on race, science, empire and Edinburgh.


Articles and chapters

‘Central African Immigrants, Imperial Citizenship and the Politics of Free Movement in Interwar South Africa’, Journal of Southern African Studies, 45:6 (2019).

‘‘I am a Bad Native’: Masculinity and Marriage in the Biographies of Clements Kadalie’, African Studies, 78:2 (2019).

‘Nyasa Leaders, Christianity and African Internationalism in 1920s Johannesburg’, South African Historical Journal, 70:2 (2018).

‘Agnes Yewande Savage’, in E. Ewan, R. Pipes, J. Rendall & S. Reynolds, The New Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women (Edinburgh, 2018).

Other publications

‘Uncovering Edinburgh: Rethinking Race and Empire in Scotland’, Republic, 3:1 (2019).

‘Bandele Omoniyi’, (2018).

‘Hastings Banda’, (2018).

'Dr Goonam', (2018).

'Agnes Yewande Savage', (2018).

‘When “the world came to Scotland”: student radicals at Edinburgh University, 1906-1946’, Scottish Critical Heritage (2018).

‘‘Enemy of the African Workers’: General Agent SM Bennett Ncwana’, The Journalist (2017).