School of Geography

Geography Lunchtime Research Seminars: Dr James Bradley

9 October 2019

Time: 1:00 - 2:00pm
Speaker: Dr James Bradley
Venue: City Centre Seminar Room (Bancroft 2.07)

Dr James Bradley, Lecturer in Environmental Science, School of Geography, QMUL

 

Bio-energetics of microbial life in marine sediments
Marine sediments harbor more than half of all microbial cells in the ocean, many of which have been shown to survive for millennia - calling into question the limit for life. The energy turnover, i.e. power, of subseafloor microorganisms sets a limit on gene expression, mutation rates, and the survival of rare and novel taxa. However outside of measurements from specific sites, laboratory experiments, and modelling, the power of subsurface life is virtually unknown. Here, we simultaneously quantify the distribution, rate and thermodynamic properties of particulate organic carbon degradation, as well as the global distribution of cells, and electron acceptors. Based on these factors, we estimate cell-specific power utilization in all Quaternary sediments. We report extreme and widespread energy-limitation in subseafloor sediments: >80% of cells subsist at powers that are less than the lowest energy flux calculated for any microbial habitat. Furthermore, we find global delineation of major subsurface metabolic zones, with stepwise decreases in per-cell power utilization following the redox state of the sediment. We assert that sediments should be considered as critical to understanding the cell-specific minimum power requirement for survival, as well as to predict the habitable boundaries of life on Earth.