- Professor of Applied Economics
- Member of the Department of Business Analytics and Applied Economics
Prof Martins is an empirical labour economist. His policy-oriented research draws on his experience as Secretary of State for Employment in the Government of Portugal (2011-2013) and has been supported by a number of organisations, including the European Commission, OECD, IMF, ILO, ESRC, British Academy, and IPEA.
Prof Martins is also a research fellow of IZA (Bonn) and the head of the Scientific Council of EPIS, an NGO that promotes social inclusion.
Prof Martins is an empirical labour economist. His main research interests are in:
- employment law/collective bargaining
- employment services/training
- the role of international trade and multinationals on labour markets
Centre and Group Membership:
- Director of the Centre for Globalisation Research (CGR)
- Member of the Centre for Research in Equality and Diversity (CRED)
- Cabral, P. Martins, J. Santos & M. Tavares (2021) 'Collateral damage? Labour market effects of competing with China - at home and abroad'. Economica, forthcoming.
- Goncalves & P. Martins (2021) 'The effect of self-employment on health: Evidence from longitudinal social security data', Small Business Economics, forthcoming
- Martins (2021) '30,000 Minimum Wages: The Economic Effects of Collective Bargaining Extensions'. British Journal of Industrial Relations, forthcoming
- Hijzen & P. Martins (2020) 'No Extension without Representation? Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Collective Bargaining'. IZA Journal of Labor Economics, 9(5), 1-31.
- Martins & J. Saraiva (2020) 'Assessing the Legal Value Added of Collective Bargaining Agreements'. International Review of Law & Economics, 62(C), 1-13, 2020
- Martins (2019) 'The Microeconomic Impact of Employee Representatives: Evidence from Membership Thresholds', Industrial Relations, 58(4), 591-622.
- Hijzen, P. Martins & J. Parlevliet (2019) ‘Frontal assault versus incremental change: A comparison of collective bargaining in Portugal and the Netherlands', IZA Journal of Labor Policy, 9(8), 1-26.
- Snell, P. Martins, H. Stueber & J. Thomas (2018) Bias in Returns to Tenure When Firm Wages and Employment Comove: A Quantitative Assessment and Solution', Journal of Labor Economics, 36(1), 47-74.
- Martins, M. Piracha & J. Varejao (2018) 'Do Immigrants Displace Native Workers? Evidence from Matched Panel Data'. Economic Modelling, 72(C), 216-222
- Martins & Y. Yang (2015) 'Globalised labour markets? International rent sharing across 47 countries'. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 53(4), 664–691.
- Martins, Y. Yang & N. Driffield (2013) 'Multinational Performance and the Geography of FDI: Evidence from 46 Countries', Management International Review, 53(6), 763-794.
- Hijzen, P. Martins, Th. Schank & R. Upward (2013) 'Foreign-Owned Firms Around the World: A Comparative Analysis of Wages and Employment at the Micro-Level', European Economic Review, 60(C), 170-188.
- Martins, G. Solon & J. Thomas (2012) 'Measuring What Employers Do about Entry Wages over the Business Cycle: A New Approach', American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 4(4), 36-55.
- Martins (2011) 'Paying More to Hire the Best? Foreign Firms, Wages and Worker Mobility', Economic Inquiry, 49(2), 349-363.
- Martins, A Snell & J Thomas (2010) 'Real and Nominal Wage Rigidity in a Model of Equal-Treatment Contracting', Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 112(4), 841-863.
- Martins & J. Jin (2010) 'Firm-Level Social Returns to Education', Journal of Population Economics,23(2), 539-558
- Martins (2009) 'Dismissals for Cause: The Difference that Just Eight Paragraphs Can Make', Journal of Labor Economics,27(2), 257-279
- Martins & Y. Yang (2009) 'The Impact of Exporting on Firm Productivity: A Meta-Analysis of the Learning-by-Exporting Hypothesis', Review of World Economics,145(3), 431-445
- Martins (2009) 'Rent Sharing Before and After the Wage Bill', Applied Economics,41(17), 2133-2151
- Martins (2008) 'Dispersion in Wage Premiums and Firm Performance', Economics Letters,101(1), 63-65
- Martins (2007) 'Heterogeneity in Real Wage Cyclicality', Scottish Journal of Political Economy,54(5), 684-698
- Martins, A. Snell & J. Thomas (2005) 'Wage Dynamics, Cohort Effects, and Limited Commitment Models', Journal of the European Economic Association,3(2/3): 350-359
- Martins & P. Pereira (2004) 'Does Education Reduce Wage Inequality? Quantile Regression Evidence from 16 Countries', Labour Economics,11(3): 355-371.
- Martins (2004) 'Industry Wage Premia: Evidence from the Wage Distribution', Economics Letters,83(2): 157-163.
- Martins & P. Pereira (2002) 'Is There a Return-Risk Link in Education?' Economics Letters,75(1): 31-37.
Recent working papers
- Martins (2020) 'What do Employers' Associations do?' (IZA DP 13705)
- Martins (2020) 'Jobs Cronyism in Public-Sector Firms' (GLO DP 624)
- Dai and P. Martins (2020) 'Does vocational education pay off in China? Quantile-regression instrumental-variables evidence' (GLO DP 495)
- Martins (2020) 'Employee training and firm performance: Quasi-experimental evidence from the European Social Fund' (GLO DP 488)
- Martins and W. Duan (2020) 'Rent sharing in China: Magnitude, Heterogeneity and Drivers' (IZA DP 12169)
- Martins (2018) 'Making their own weather? Estimating employer labour-market power and its wage effects' (CGR WP 95)
Grants, Contracts and Awards:
- 'Economic Analysis of Collective Bargaining Extensions', DG Employment, European Commission, 2017-2019 (PI, €405k)
- 'Developing vocational training in the Mozambique labour market', International Growth Centre, July-November 2015 (PI, £19.6k)
- 'ActiValuate: Counterfactual impact evaluation of a large activation programme' - European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, April 2014-May 2015 (€96k).
- 'Comparative Analysis of Enterprise Data: Industry Dynamics, Firm Performance, and Worker Outcomes', COST/ESF/European Commission (Coordinator: Professor John Earle), 2008-2010 (€400k)
- 'Competitiveness, Innovation and Intangible Investment in Europe', European Commission (Coordinator: Professor Jonathan Haskel), 2008-2010 (€1.4m)
- 'Cohort effects within firms, and their implications for labour market outcomes and the business cycle', ESRC (Coordinator: Professor Jonathan Thomas), 2008-2011 (£330k).
- 'Temporary Contracts and Economic Performance', FCT, 2010-2012 (€28k)
- Bank of Portugal award, 2010 Conference on Economic Development, €5,000
Areas of Supervision Expertise:
- Empirical labour economics
Current Doctoral Students:
- Huy Quang Bui, ‘Search and Matching in Labour Markets and International Trade’
- Ying Cui, ‘Social Returns to Education – Evidence from China’
- Danula Gamage, 'Essays in Gender (In)equality in British Higher Education Sector.'
- Yifan Qian, 'Network science, big data analytics, and deep learning: An interdisciplinary approach to the study of citation, social and collaboration networks.'
PhD Supervision Completions:
- Vladislav Skovorodov, 'Macroeconomic effects of monetary policy shocks : credit and inflation expectation transmission channels.' Awarded 2020.
- Li Dai, 'An Empirical Study of the Return to Education in the Case of China.' Awarded 2020. Currently Assistant Professor, Hunan University
- Eshref Trushin, 'Evaluation of incentives for R&D in the pharmaceutical industry with applications for neglected diseases.' Awarded 2010. Currently Senior Lecturer in Economics, De Montfort University.
- Yong Yang, 'Internationalization and firm performance : meta analysis and new empirical evidence.' Awarded 2009. Currently Reader in Strategy, Sussex University.
Observador. ‘What scope for remote work?’, Observador, March 27th, 2020
The Economist. ‘Employment in southern Europe: better, but fragile', Aug 22 2019
Developing training in the Mozambique Labour Market, 21 July 2015
LBC Radio. 'Greek EU loan conditions', 23 February 2015
BBC World Service Business Matters. ' Portuguese Bank in Crisis', 11 July 2014
BBC Radio 4 Today programme. ' Portugal's successful exit from the EU bailout programme', 2 May 2014
Financial Times. ' Why recessions aren't all about job losses', 16 April 2010