Blizard Institute - Barts and The London

Dr Carol Fawkes, PGCert, MSc, PhD

Senior Research Officer for National Council for Osteopathic Research

Telephone: 020 7882 6131


Carol Fawkes graduated from the British School of Osteopathy in 1988 and was awarded the Diploma in Osteopathy; she graduated from the British College of Acupuncture in 1992 with a Licentiate in Acupuncture.

Carol completed an MSc in Health Care Research Methods at Barts and The London, Queen Mary's School of Medicine and Dentistry in 2005. Her final dissertation investigated patient satisfaction with osteopathy in private practice.

She was awarded a PGCert in Evidence based in Health Care in 2006 from University of Oxford. Carol completed her PhD at Queen Mary, University of London in 2017 studying the application of apps in the collection of Patient Reported Outcome Measurement (PROM) data in clinical practice. She was appointed Research Officer for the National Council for Osteopathic Research in 2004. 

Carol has acted as project officer for the development of a standardised data collection tool for osteopathy, and was responsible for the administration of a series of studies investigating adverse events in osteopathy. She has developed a handbook on clinical audit for practising osteopaths with a series of resources to accompany this. She is responsible currently for the day-to-day management of  an online data collection platform for osteopaths.  She is undertaking a pilot project involving the collection of PROM data with osteopaths in Europe.

Further information concerning the online data collection platform is available at


Research Interests:

Osteopathy; manual therapies; PROMs; clinical audit.

Patient reported outcome measures (PROM) in clinical practice, and their use via  mobile or web apps.


Leach J, Fawkes C, Mandy A, Cross V, Moore A.  Patients’ expectations of osteopathic care: Final results of a mixed methods study.  European Journal of Integrative Medicine 2012; 4(3):e353

Leach CMJ, Mandy A, Cross V, Fawkes CA, Moore AP.  Profiling osteopathic practice in the UK using standardised data collection.  International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 2013; 16(1):e10.

Leach CMJ, Mandy A, Cross V, Fawkes CA, Moore AP.  Patients’ expectations of private osteopathic care in the UK: A national survey of patients.  International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 2013; 16(1):e17-e18.

Leach CM, Mandy A, Hankins M, Bottomley LM, Cross V, Fawkes CA, Fiske A, Moore AP. Patients' expectations of private osteopathic care in the UK: a national survey of patients.  BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013; 13:122.

Fawkes C, Ward E, Carnes D.  Clinical audit in osteopathic practice: A Masterclass.  International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 2013; 17(2):110-118.

Fawkes CA, Leach CM, Mathias S, Moore AP. Development of a data collection tool to profile osteopathic practice: use of a nominal group technique to enhance clinician involvement.Man Ther. 2014; 19(2):119-24.

Fawkes CA, Leach CM, Mathias S, Moore AP.  A profile of osteopathic care in private practices in the United Kingdom: a national pilot using standardised data collection.  Man Ther. 2014; 19(2):125-30.

Rushton AB, Fawkes CA, Carnes D, Moore AP. A modified Delphi consensus study to identify UK osteopathic profession research priorities.  Manual Therapy 2014; 19(5):445-452.

Cross V, Leach CM, Fawkes CA, Moore APPatients' expectations of osteopathic care: a qualitative study.  Health Expect. 2015; 18(5):1114-26

Fawkes C, Ward E, Carnes D.  What evidence is good evidence?  A Masterclass in critical appraisal.  International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 2015; 18(2):116-129.

Fawkes C, Froud R, Carnes D.  Measuring patient outcome using data capture by mobile app.  Trials 2015; 16(Suppl 1):27

Bradbury KAl-Abbadey MCarnes DDimitrov BDEardley S, Fawkes CFoster JGreville-Harris MHarvey JMLeach JLewith GMacPherson HRoberts LParry LYardley LBishop FL Non-specific mechanisms in orthodox and CAM management of low back pain (MOCAM): theoretical framework and protocol for a prospective cohort study. BMJ Open. 2016;6(5):e012209. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012209.

Fawkes C, Carnes D, Froud R.  Collecting patient reported outcome data in clinical practice.  European Journal of Integrated Medicine 2016; 8(4):591