Energy is the largest and one of the most dynamic industry sectors. It raises many challenges both politically and technically, from traditional exploration and production of fossil fuels to more recent mining extraction methods (hydraulic fracturing or 'fracking'), renewables and environmental protection. Queen Mary is only one of a few universities in the world to offer an LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law and this programme builds upon well-established areas at Queen Mary, such as Commercial Law, Dispute Resolution, Environmental Law and Regulation.
All these constituent elements of Energy and Natural Resources law are approached through a comparative and international lens and prepare students to enter practice as regulators, lawyers in private practice of public sector lawyers. You will also benefit from the current research, consultancy work and events undertaken and held by the Energy and Natural Resources Law Institute (ENRLI) at Queen Mary.
Many of the modules will be co-taught by practitioners and leading industry figures so you will benefit from practical real life insights into the industry. You will also be able to attend a series of General Counsel lectures, giving you a chance to network with speakers from organisations such as Exxon, British Gas, Shell and EDF.
This programme will:
- Examine the area from a comparative, international and inter-disciplinary perspective.
- Focus on both regulatory and transactional matters but also issues of policy.
- Give you access to leading experts in the field who provide an accurate and measured assessment of key pervasive and emerging issues.
- Approach the energy and natural resources law academically, from policy and a problem-solving perspective.
- Provide you with unique internship and networking opportunities within the industry.
Norton Rose Fulbright LLP and the Centre for Commercial Law Studies (CCLS) are offering two full tuition fee only scholarships for the September 2015 / 2016 / 2017 intake for students wishing to follow the LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law Programme.
Why study your LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law at Queen Mary?
The School of Law has consistently been ranked in the top 10 law schools in the UK for the quality of our research and teaching, and many of our internationally recognised staff act as advisers to governments, industry and NGOs, both nationally and internationally.
The Postgraduate Law Centre is based in Lincoln’s Inn Fields, Holborn, the legal district of London, close to law firms, chambers and the Royal Courts of Justice.
- There is a very high rate of employment of our students within six months of graduation.
- We have dedicated law careers advisers who organise events and internship opportunities with top UK and international law firms.
- Many of our internationally recognised staff act as advisers to governments, industry, regulatory authorities and NGOs, both nationally and internationally.
- We offer a Critical Thinking and Writing in Law programme designed to improve your writing and research in law skills.
- You will be able to take part in networking and social events run by the Queen Mary Postgraduate Law Society and upon graduating join our extensive alumni network.
You will have access to facilities and equipment at the Postgraduate School of Law Centre in Lincoln's Inn Fields, which comprises workstations, wireless internet access, projectors and a common room. You will also have access to the Lock-keeper's Cottage Graduate Centre at the Mile End campus.
As well as housing the Law Library and a European Documentation Centre, the Queen Mary Library at Mile End provides access to all the main British, European and international textbooks, law reports and periodicals and also offers one of the best commercial law collections in the country. Through the University of London College network, students have access to an unrivalled range of electronic law journals and databases.
In addition, Queen Mary provides free access to extensive online databases and collections including:
- Business Source Complete
- Index to Legal Periodicals
- International Court of Justice Reports
- Kluwer Arbitration
- Oxford Scholarship Online (Law)
- Reports of Patent, Design and Trademark Cases
- UK Statute law database
- United Nations Treaty Collection
In addition to the Queen Mary Library and the British Library, postgraduate students are able to access the well-stocked law library at the University of London’s Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (IALS). The Institute, located at Russell Square, a few minutes’ walk from Lincoln’s Inn Fields, is one of the major law libraries worldwide. You will also have access to the University of London Library at Senate House.
The Master of Laws (LLM) is available to study full-time for one year or part-time for two years.
Each of the LLM programmes follows a common format: you will take 135 credits worth of taught modules (examined in May-June) and thereafter you work on a 15,000-word dissertation worth 45 credits (submitted mid August). You are required to balance your taught modules equally across the two teaching semesters – a full explanation of this process will be available during induction and before module selection.
What differs from programme to programme is the range of modules that you are required to choose from. If you wish to take an unrestricted range of modules and any approved dissertation topic you should apply for the Master of Laws.
Induction and choosing your modules
We run a two-week induction period that includes an overview of the programme and module selection, dissertation and research skills. In the second week you will have the chance to try out the different modules within your programme before you make your final choice. Full details of the induction programme will be made available online by September each year.
LLM Year Planner
The LLM Year Planner gives you an idea of the structure of the programme and key periods for assessment and exams.
Undertaking a masters programme is a serious commitment, with weekly contact hours being in addition to numerous hours of independent learning and research needed to progress at the required level. When coursework or examination deadlines are approaching independent learning hours may need to increase significantly.
The part-time LLM is essentially aimed at legal practitioners working full-time in the UK. You will attend the same modules and follow the same teaching timetable as full-time students.
The part-time programme is, however, spread over two academic years.
In year one, you will normally complete 90 credits of taught modules. In year two, you will normally take a further 45 credits of taught modules and submit the compulsory 15,000-word dissertation (45 credits). This can of course be changed if necessary, as the dissertation can actually be done in either year. However we would always advise part-time students to take 90 credits of taught modules in their first year if they are timetabled in a convenient slot.
Although not recommended, it is possible for part-time students, who are having difficulties in finding taught modules that fit in with their work timetable, to submit two dissertations – one per year. This would then enable you to take one taught module per year.
For more information:
Visit the School of Law website.
Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
If you can't find the information you are looking for on these pages, take a look at our LLM Frequently Asked Questions.
To specialise in this area, you must select 90 credits of modules from this list and do your compulsory dissertation in the field of Energy and Natural Resources Law (45 credits). The additional 45 credits of taught modules can be in this area or can be unrelated and therefore selected from the full list of LLM available modules.
All modules are 22.5 credits unless otherwise stated below.
Note: Not all of the modules listed will be available in any one year and semesters listed can be subject to change. Any modules not available in the forthcoming academic session will be marked as soon as this information is confirmed by teaching academics.
The updated module list below represents the result of our ongoing modularisation of the LLM which is intended to offer students greater flexibility and choice of module options.
- QLLM055 International Environmental Law (45 credits)
- QLLM058 International Law of the Sea (45 credits)
- QLLM080 Multinational Enterprises and the Law (45 credits)
- QLLM096 Climate Change Law and Policy (45 credits) (Not running 2016-17)
- QLLM097 International Natural Resources Law (45 credits)
- QLLM098 European Environmental Law (45 credits) (Not running 2016-17)
- QLLM152 International Energy Transactions (Sem 1)
- QLLM153 International Arbitration and Energy (Sem 2)
- QLLM154 International Regulation and Governance of Energy (Sem 2)
- QLLM179 International and Comparative Petroleum Law and Contracts (Sem 1)
- QLLM304 Mining and Natural Resources (Sem 2)
- QLLM314 Transnational Law and Governance (Sem 1)
- QLLM315 Transnational Law and Governance in Practice (Sem 2)
- QLLM379 Energy Law: Renewable and Nuclear (sem 2)
- QLLM380 Energy Economics: A Legal Perspective (sem 1)
- QLLM381 Energy Economics: Applied Analysis (sem 2)
- QLLM382 Energy Law and Ethics (sem 1)
- QLLM383 / QLLG008 International Regulation of Shipping (sem 1)
- QLLM384 Law of the Sea, Navigational Freedoms and Practice (sem 2)
- QLLM388 Trade, Climate Change and Energy: EU and International Perspectives (Sem 2)
- QLLM391 International Construction Contracts and Dispute Resolution (Sem 1)
- QLLM397 Investment Treaty Arbitration (sem 1)
- QLLM398 Investment Arbitration: Substantive Protection (sem 2)
- QLLM400 United States Energy Law, Regulation and Policy (sem 1)
The usual qualification for entry to the LLM programme is a degree in law, or a degree with a substantial law content, of at least 2.1 honours (or equivalent). Law graduates with 2.2 honours who also have other legal qualifications and/or substantial professional legal experience may also qualify.
Non-law graduates with a minimum second class honours degree, that have also obtained a Merit (or 60 per cent) in the Common Professional Examination (CPE) or Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) recognised by the UK professional bodies, may also qualify. Non-law graduates may also be considered on the basis of exceptional professional experience (of at least five years) in a legal area or an area directly related to their programme of study.
In all cases, a full online application is required in order for a fair assessment and decision to be made. Each application is considered on its merits and on sight of full application documents.
A full and detailed CV is required for all applications and is particularly relevant where professional experience needs to be considered.
Students from outside of the UK help form a global community here at Queen Mary. For detailed country specific entry requirements please visit the International section of our website. If your first language is not English, you must provide evidence of your English language proficiency. Find details of the English language entry requirements for postgraduate law programmes.
If you do not meet language or scholarly requirements it might be possible for you to undertake foundation or pre-sessional programmes that will prepare you for the masters programme. For more information you require, please contact the Admissions Office.
How to apply - one LLM programme only
You may only apply for one of the School of Law’s LLM London programmes at a time. This restriction does not include the LLM Law and Economics programme or the LLM in Paris programme, which you may still apply for. You are permitted to apply for a maximum of two Queen Mary taught postgraduate programmes, so you may still apply for a further non-LLM London programme should you wish.
If you apply for one of the LLM London programmes, then later decide you would prefer to attend a different LLM specialism, please contact the Admissions Office Law Team at email@example.com - prior to enrolment - to request a manual change of LLM programme. Do not submit a new application.
Learning and teachingAs a student at Queen Mary, you will play an active part in your acquisition of skills and knowledge. Teaching is by a mixture of formal lectures and small group seminars. The seminars are designed to generate informed discussion around set topics, and may involve student presentations and group exercises as well as open discussion. We take pride in the close and friendly working relationship we have with our students. You will have a team of advisers to support you, including the LLM and Research Directors, your dissertation supervisor and tutors and your module convenors.
Where will my lectures and seminars be held?
Teaching is based at the School of Law's postgraduate centre in Lincoln's Inn Fields (nearest Underground station: Holborn). Depending on the courses you take, you may also have classes at the Mile End Campus (nearest Underground stations: Mile End and Stepney Green) or the University of London's Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (nearest Underground stations: Russell Square, Euston and Euston Square) or Charterhouse Square (nearest underground station: Barbican).
The sample LLM teaching timetable will give you some idea of the different locations used for teaching. This is a sample only and venues and times/days can change from year to year. The LLM teaching timetable is given to students during the induction period (after enrolment).
For every hour spent in classes you will be expected to complete further hours of independent study. Your individual study time could be spent preparing for, or following up on formal study sessions; reading; producing written work; completing projects; and revising for examinations.
The direction of your individual study will be guided by the formal study sessions you attend, along with your reading lists and assignments. However, we expect you to demonstrate an active role in your own learning by reading widely and expanding your own knowledge, understanding and critical ability.
Independent study will foster in you the ability to identify your own learning needs and determine which areas you need to focus on to become proficient in your subject area. This is an important transferable skill and will help to prepare you for the transition to working life.
You will be assessed by a mixture of formal examinations and coursework in the three taught modules, followed by more self-directed work on your 15,000-word dissertation.
You will also complete a dissertation of 15,000-words.
Teachers contributing to this programme include:
- Dr Rebecca Bates
- Professor Stavros Brekoulakis
- Professor Janet Dine
- Dr Elena Fasoli
- Professor Malgosia Fitzmaurice
- Ed Flippen (V)
- Ms Norah Gallagher
- Dr Debbie De Girolamo
- Ms C Hadaddin (V)
- Dr Rafael Leal-Arcas
- Professor Loukas Mistelis
- Dr Alexandros Ntovas
- Mr Emmanuel Osuteye
- Dr Ricardo Pereira (V)
- Dr Maxi Scherer
- Professor Attila Tanzi
- Dr Leon Vinokur
Fees are charged at a Home/EU rate for UK and EU nationals, and an overseas rate for International students - find out more about how your tuition fee status is assessed.
School of Law scholarships
The School of Law offers a range of scholarships for Law Masters programmes each year.
LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law 2015-16, Norton Rose Fulbright and CCLS Scholarship winner (Chile)
I studied Law at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, which is one of the most important Universities in Chile and Latin America. Before coming to study at QMUL, I worked for three and a half years at the Energy and Oil and Gas Group of Carey and Cía. There, I advise foreign and local corporations on natural resources and energy projects and transactions.
Chile has plenty of unexploited primary resources to produce energy and just recently foreign investors are interested in working with them. These investments are promoting economic growth, but still there are not enough lawyers with the required knowledge to effectively work with them. I decided to study at QMUL because of the prestige of its Energy and Natural Resources Law LLM and staff. Furthermore, QMUL clusters teachers with impressive professional experience besides remarkable students from all over the world. I am certain that the experience and knowledge acquired will provide me the necessary tools for attracting more investors to Chile and for assisting them effectively.
Once I knew that I was granted with the scholarship I decided to get packed and get some international student experience in London. Finally, I have to mention that being a Norton Rose Fulbright scholarship holder is an honour that will feed my professional life for ever.
Sharing with people from different locations of the world is the most exciting part of studying abroad. The opportunity to share backgrounds and learn from others’ experiences is amazing. Hence, studying the Energy and Natural Resources LLM at QMUL will allow you to acquire student’s insights from different locations, a valuable knowledge which could be applicable to improve your own national jurisdiction.
After the LLM I would like to extend the experience of living in London working at the energy group of a law firm. On my return to Chile, I want to apply my knowledge working with foreign investors and share it with my peers. I am certain that what I have learned at QMUL will contribute to bridge the gap between being a developing country and a developed one.
LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law 2015-16 (Nigeria)
Prior to studying at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), I was working as an In-House Counsel in an Oil and Gas Services Company in Lagos, Nigeria. I decided to undertake postgraduate study because I wanted to develop myself as a professional. The Oil and Gas Industry is an international one and I wanted to be able to execute my work efficiently with high international standards.
Following my in-depth research on QMUL, I discovered that it was one of the only Universities, globally, that offered the Energy and Natural Resources LLM. Also, I had heard nothing but good things about the school and the wealth of experience of its academic staff from my colleagues and friends that graduated from the university. Classes here are taught by experienced lawyers. The classes are also very interactive and relevant to what is happening globally in the Energy Industry. We also have highly informative guest lectures from experienced lawyers working in various sectors of the industry.
There is something for everyone to do in London, whether it is shopping, sports, networking, entertainment and much more. It has a beautiful landscape, rich historical background and is culturally diverse which allows you to network with individuals from around the world.
Raphael Moraes Paciello, Brazil
LLM in Energy and Natural Resources, Chevening Scholar 2014-15,
There were several determining factors in choosing Queen Mary University of London, to obtain my Masters of Law, specialising in Energy and Natural Resources Law. Firstly the oil and gas sector has been growing at a steady pace in recent years in Brazil, especially in view of the pre-salt reservoir discoveries in the Campos Basin, meaning excellent opportunities for future investments, particularly for foreign players. Additionally, there are a number of new local regulations in place and several other Bills are about to be approved by the Brazilian National Congress to regulate this sector in Brazil. It is also worth noting that there are very few lawyers specialized in energy regulation in my home country.
Besides being one of the most renowned universities, Queen Mary offers a wide range of options in the fields of energy that prepares me for the coming challenges in the Brazilian legal system as it relates to oil and gas. The professional background of the lecturers is extremely impressive and I have attended a number of presentations by a number of practitioners in the energy law field. I therefore see the chance for me to make a significant contribution in this area (both academically and professionally) during my time in the United Kingdom and when I return home from the course.
Kurlyn Dira Venesha Merchant, St Kitts and Nevis
LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law, School of Law Scholarship Winner 2014-15
It was always my desire to pursue postgraduate studies. Initially I was uncertain as to which area I should specialize in. The UK’s education system, particularly in the area of Law has always had a high reputation. As such, I knew I wanted to pursue studies here. Additionally the UK’s legal system is quite similar to that of my home country of St Kitts and Nevis.
Prior to attending Queen Mary University of London I worked as an Attorney at Law at WalwynLaw Chambers in Nevis. I graduated from the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus in 2008 and the Norman Manley Law School in Jamaica in 2010.
In 2010 the first wind farm was officially opened on Nevis. Our government has since sought to pursue explorations in geothermal and solar energy and most recently the development of a “waste to energy plant”. These developments sparked my interest in the area of Energy and Natural resource, particularly in the area of dealing with energy related contracts and transactions, and the development of policies and the necessary legislative framework for further development. As such, I thought my choice to pursue this area would greatly assist in “Nevis’ quest to completely go green.”
I was quite impressed with the number of LLM specialties offered by Queen Mary and the vast amount of modules available for selection. The student reviews were quite positive and I was particularly pleased with the structure of the programme. My experience thus far has been pleasant and I am particularly impressed at how course facilitators are easily accessible to address any questions or concerns. I am therefore very honored and grateful to the UK Government and Queen Mary for granting this Chevening scholarship and affording me this great opportunity.
Catherine Wilmarth, USA
Queen Mary Drapers Winner, LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law 2013-14
Following my law degree at William and Mary Law School, the LLM programme at Queen Mary has elevated my legal knowledge to the global plane, preparing me for an international legal career.
The amount of practical knowledge and legal theory covered in the Energy and Natural Resources Law specialisation at Queen Mary has been astounding. Professor Norah Gallagher has successfully integrated presentations by a number of seasoned and accomplished practitioners in the energy law field into class sessions during the International Energy Transactions module. Professor Ricardo Pereira has included a broad span of topics into his International Natural Resources Law module, which though intense has awarded me with a diverse array of knowledge. Professor Maxi Scherer's module on International Arbitration and Energy has shown me a lot about how these laws and contracts fare in alternative dispute resolution mechanisms and has definitely added a practical element to the specialism's material. Professor Silke Goldberg has brought a very high-level understanding of energy and electricity regulation to International Regulation and Governance of Energy, and her experience from years in private practice really shows in her teaching. I have heard much about Queen Mary’s reputation for expertise in a varied array of subject areas, and the numerous options for specialisations provide students with a lot of choice in their studies.
In addition, the student body of the LLM programme is impressive in that it is internationally diverse, with representation from all over the world. My course mates are friendly and welcoming. The contacts we make here may someday be incredibly useful in our international legal practices. When I return to the United States I will begin a summer associateship with a Washington, DC law firm, and my year at Queen Mary will have prepared me well to take on this new challenge.
Edward Bayliss, UK
School of Law Scholarship Winner 2013-14, LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law
After I passed the English Bar exams in 2012 I applied to take the LLM in order to specialise in a particular area of the law because I felt this would provide me with a competitive advantage in a highly competitive global legal jobs market. Also, the LLM offered a great opportunity for me to broaden my own intellectual horizon and add an international perspective to my legal knowledge.
The fact that there are over 20 different LLM specialisms on offer at Queen Mary really appealed to me when making my decision as to which institutions to apply to because, increasingly in the modern legal industry, clients look for lawyers with specialist knowledge. At the same time, the specialisms on offer are relevant to the demand for current legal knowledge and make for very interesting areas of law to read. Also, what stood out was that lawyers I spoke to all thought Queen Mary’s reputation as a renowned academic institution made it an excellent choice of institution for me to take postgraduate study.
For each specialism there is a whole host of individual modules to choose from and again this really appealed to me. In that sense, I was able tailor the LLM to suit my needs and interests. I found it very helpful that Queen Mary post all the module options on the website for prospective students like me to make an informed decision over the course content and which modules and specialisms to select. The course administrators allow us time at the beginning of term to experience classes before we have to formalise our module selections which is also helpful.
I elected to take the Energy and Natural Resources Law LLM specialism and the available modules on offer covered the whole legal spectrum relating to the energy sector, including; commercial and transactional energy law, regulatory law, environmental law to international dispute resolution. The course itself has been excellent. It has opened my eyes as to how the energy industry drives global economy and has increased my depth of understanding of international law and its interaction with domestic law. The course has been taught by professors and doctors who have been published extensively in the areas they teach so I am reassured that I am receiving education from first class teachers (indeed, one Professor, a leading international arbitrator, had even sat as an arbitrator on one case we discussed in his lecture!).
Finally, it has been a great experience to meet fellow students from so many different nationalities and cultures, one that will definitely improve me as a student and lawyer. From one student to other prospect students, I can commend the Queen Mary LLM.